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Press- World History Chapter 7
Terms in this set (64)
French Wars of Religion
The French Civil Wars are knows as?
French Protestants influenced by John Cavlin
Who are the Huguenots?
7%, 50% made up the nobility
What percentage of France's population were Huguenot? How much made up the nobility?
Henry of Navarre
Who was the leader of the Huguenots?
After coming to the throne, what did he change his name to?
he realized that a Protestant would not have the support of the French Catholics
Why did Henry IV convert to Catholicism?
King Phillip II was the king of what country?
cultural and political greatness
During his reign, what did Spain experience?
bu insisting on strict adherence to Catholicism
How did Phillip II control his domain?
as the nation God chose to save Catholic Christianity from the Protestant heretics
How did Spain see itself when it came to Catholicism?
Who was the most popular empire after Phillip II's reign ended?
Phillip spent too much money on war
Why was Spain bankrupt, an inefficient government, and out of date armed forces?
Who became the Queen of England in 1588?
What country became the leader of Protestant nation and laid foundation for becoming an empire?
named her as "the only supreme governor" of church and state.
The New Act of Supremacy that Queen Elizabeth created did what?
by supporting one and then the other, balancing thier power.
What was Queen Elizabeth's solution to keep France and Spain from becoming too powerful?
to return it to Catholicism
Why did Phillip II invade England?
a fleet of warships
What was an armada?
What is inflation?
influx of gold from the Americas and increased demand for land and food as the population grew
What caused inflation in Europe?
mines in the Americas were producing less silver, pirates grabbed much of that was bound for Spain and the number of merchants declined.
Why did Spain's economy fall in the 1640s?
warfare, plague and famine
Why did population decline in Europe in the 1620s?
75% were women, mostly single, widowed, and over 50.
What were the characteristics of people that were accused of being witches?
they were tortured
What happened to people that were accused of being witches?
because the Peace settlement did not recognize Calvinism, which spread throughout Europe.
Why were the disputes in Germany about the Peace of Augsburg?
the last of the religious wars
What was another name for the Thirty Years War?
religion, politics and territory; All major European countries except England; Germany
What caused the Thirty Years War? Who fought in the Thirty Years War? What country did it occur?
The Peace of Westphalia
What ended the Thirty Years War?
said all German states could determine their own religion
What did the Peace of Westphalia say about religion in Germany?
the Thirty Years War
What was Europe's most destructive war?
By the 1700s, how many people were in France's standing army?
because of the increased use of firearms and greater mobility on the battlefield
After the Thirty Years War, why did armies have to be better disciplined and trained?
What was the name of the English War?
a struggle between Parliament and the King to determine the power of each in governing England.
What was the English Revolution?
the Stuart King of Scottland, James I
Who became King after Queen Elizabeth?
that kings receive their power form God and are responsible only to God
What is the divine right of kings?
he tried to add ritual to it
What did Charles I do to Protestant services?
supporters of the King (Cavaliers or Royalists) and those of Parliament (Roundheads)./Parliament won./ because of the New Model Army of its leader and military genius Oliver Cromwell.
The Civil War of 1642 in England broke out between who? Who won? Why?
a military genius and leader of the New Model Army./Military dictatorship
Who is Oliver Cromwell? What governemnt did he create in England?
Who were the Independents?
a group of noblemen invited William and Mary to invade England. James and his family fled with almost no violence./ A group of English noblemen
What was the Glorious Revolution? Who created it?
Parliament./ It set forth their right to make laws and levy taxes
Who created the English Bill of Rights? What was significant about the English Bill of RIghts?
it gave Puritans, not Catholics, the right of free public worship
What was the Toleration Act of 1689?
a system in which the ruler has total power./ They could make laws, levy taxes, administer justice, control the state's officials, and determine foreign policy.
What is absolutism? What could Absolute Monarchs do?
Louis XIV./ Age 4
What was the name of the absolute monarch that was the King of France? What age did he take power?
it was the king's household, the location of the chief offices of state, and a place where the powerful could find favors and offices for themselves.
What were three purposes of King Louis XIV's royal court in Versailles?
the mercantilist policies of Jean-Baptiste Colbert
How was King Louis XIV able to finance his court, armed forces, and wars?
Prussia and Austria
What 2 German states came to power after the Thirty Years War?
Fredrick William the Great Elector
Who laid the foundation for the Prussian state?
Who became the first Russian ruler to be titled czar?
European technology to create a great army./ He drafted peasants to 25 year stints, formed the first Russian navy, divided Russia into provinces, and wanted to create a "police state".
What did Peter the Great want to implement in Russia? What changes occurred?
the values of balance, harmony, moderation, and proportion
What values of the high Renaissance did mannerisms break down?
It featured elongated figures./ They showed suffering, heightened emotions and religious ecstasy.
What was significant about Mannerism? What did elongated figures show?
Baroque Movement./ It had a dramatic effect to arouse feelings./ Gian Lorenzo Bernini was the greatest Baroque artist./"Throne of Saint Peter"
What art form replaced Mannerism? What's so significant about the art? Who was the greatest artist of that form of art? Name a piece of his work?
Artemisia Gentileschi./ "Judith Beheading Holofernes"
Who was the best baroque female artist of the seventeenth century? What was the name of her best work?
William Shakespeare./ ????./ ???
Who was the most notable person when it came to drama in England? What was so significant about his plays? How many words did he create for the English dictionary?
all classes and types attended./ Because the admission charge was low.
Who all attended Shakespeare's plays? Why?
Lope de Vega./ almost 1,500 plays./ witty, charming, action-packed, and realistic.
Who set the standard for Spanish playwrights? How many plays did he create? What were the characteristics of his plays?
Don Quixote./ It's about a visionary and a realist./ They come to see the value of each other's perspective.
What book did Miguel de Cervantes write? What was it about? What was significant about it?
he believed that life isnot about morals, but self-preservation./ "Leviathon"
What was Thomas Hobbes belief? What was the name of the book he wrote?
He believed that before the development of society and politics, people lived in a state of freedom and equality, not violence and war./ "Two Treaties of Government"
What was John Locke's philosophy about when it came to politics? What was the name of his book?
America and France
What 2 counties adopted John Locke's philosophy?
rights which people are born with
What are natural rights?
Declaration of Independence, and the U.S. Constitution
What important U.S. documents are John Locke's ideas found in?
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