History Chapter 3
Terms in this set (34)
a crop produced for its commercial value rather than for use by the grower.
an informal name for various regional political organizations that farmers established in the 1880s and that led to the formation of the Peoples' party in 1891-92.
an outlying farm with tithe barns, belonging to a monastery or feudal lord.
a grant of public land, especially to an institution, organization, or to particular groups of people.
Sitting Bull was a Hunkpapa Lakota leader who led his people during years of resistance to United States government policies.
the practice of a successful political party giving public office to its supporters.
a name given to African Americans who migrated from states along the Mississippi River to Kansas in the late nineteenth century
Sand Creek Massacre
The Sand Creek Massacre was a massacre in the American Indian Wars that occurred on November 29, 1864, when a 675-man force of Colorado U.S. Volunteer Cavalry under the command of U.S. Army Colonel John Chivington attacked and destroyed a village of Cheyenne and Arapaho people in southeastern Colorado Territory
the 25th President of the United States, he favored big business and waged the Spanish-American War of 1898, which resulted in the acquisition of Puerto Rico, Cuba, and the Philippines, as well as the annexation of Hawaii, and brought the US to the forefront of world power
the permanent professional branches of a government's administration, excluding military and judicial branches and elected politicians.
several United States federal laws that gave an applicant ownership of land, typically called a "homestead", at little or no cost.
Battle of Little Bighorn
an armed engagement between combined forces of the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho tribes and the 7th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army.
Pendleton Civil Service Act
a federal law established in 1883 that decided that government jobs should be awarded on the basis of merit instead of political affiliation.
one of the key founders of the National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry, a fraternal organization in the United States.
The Wounded Knee Massacre occurred on December 29, 1890, near Wounded Knee Creek on the Lakota Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in the U.S. state of South Dakota.
Jim Crow Laws
state and local laws enforcing racial segregation in the Southern United States. Enacted after the Reconstruction period, these laws continued in force until 1965. They mandated de jure racial segregation in all public facilities in states of the former Confederate States of America, starting in 1890 with a "separate but equal" status for African Americans
Dawes General Allotment Act
authorized the President of the United States to survey American Indian tribal land and divide it into allotments for individual Indians.
What did the Populist Party believe in
believed more power should be given to the government
Who did the Populist party appeal to
William Jennings Bryan
Describe the spoils system
the political party winning an election rewards its campaign workers and other active supporters by appointment to government posts and by other favors
Who was Thomas Nast
"Father of the American Cartoon"
Describe the Dawes Act
authorized the President of the United States to survey Native American tribal land and divide it into allotments for individual Native Americans.
What was Native American life like at the end of the Indian wars
It was still just as bad, they were still not given any land back.
Whose goal was assimilation of Native Americans
Henry Knox was the first to suggest transforming Native American culture to European-American culture between the years of 1790 and 1920
the process of taking in and fully understanding information or ideas.
Where was the last land rush
The Oklahoma Land Rush of 1889 was the last land rush into the Unassigned Lands. The area that was opened to settlement included all or part of the present-day Canadian, Cleveland, Kingfisher, Logan, Oklahoma, and Payne counties of the US state of Oklahoma.
Who was Chief Red Cloud
Red Cloud was one of the most important leaders of the Oglala Lakota. He led from 1868 to 1909. One of the most capable Native American opponents that the United States Army faced in its mission to subdue the western territories, he led a successful campaign in 1866-1868 known as Red Cloud's War over control of the Powder River Country in northeastern Wyoming and southern Montana
What group did Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Stanton make
They formed the National Woman Suffrage Association
How did parties become more powerful under the Spoils system
It filled important government positions with party supporters
What tactics were used to prevent African Americans from voting
African Americans were often excluded from the voting because they did not own land or pay the taxes required of voters
Who was William Jennings Bryan
an American orator and politician from Nebraska
What did the Cross of Gold Speech advocate
It advocated for bimetallism, or the use of both gold and silver in funding the currency.
Who founded the Grange
Oliver Hudson Kelley