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53 terms

Horse Terms #2 🐎

The terms he gave us in class plus some extras
STUDY
PLAY
ACTION
CoMovement of the feet and legs.
BAY
A horse color - dull red to yellow-red, with a black mane and tail.
BLAZE
White hairs on the center of the forehead and face.
BLEMISH
An injury or defect which does not limit usefulness.
BOTS
Larval stage of the bot fly; during this stage these parasites live in the digestive tract of the horse.
CALKING
Injury to the coronary band by the shoe of the horse or that of another horse.
THRUSH
An infection of the frog of the foot.
CANNON
Leg bone in the lower leg.
CANTER
A three-beat gait; a "lope".
CAPPED HOCK
A firm swelling on the point of the hock.
CHESTNUT
A horse color - ranging from a bright golden red to a mahogany chestnut, but without a black mane and tail. Also used to describe a horny growth on the inside of the legs.
COFFIN BONE
Wedge-shaped bone inside the hoof.
COW-HOCKED
Hocks close together, fetlocks wide apart.
CRIBBING
A nervous condition in which horses hold on to a projection with their teeth, pull back to make the throat muscles rigid, and make a grunting noise while sucking air into the body. The air swallowed may cause colic.
CROUP
The top of the hips or rump of a horse.
CUPS
A term used to describe the indentions in the wearing surfaces of horses' teeth; used in age determination.
DEFECT
An injury or condition which affects usefulness.
DIAGONAL
A term used to describe a gait in which a forefoot moves in unison with the hind foot on the opposite side.
DOURINE
Contagious disease of horses characterized by swelling of the lymph glands, genital inflammation, and paralysis of the hind legs, spread by sexual contact.
DROPPED SOLE
Downward rotation of the coffin bone inside the hoof due to chronic founder of laminitus.
ERGOT
A horny growth on the back of the fetlock joint.
FETLOCK
Back of the leg at the joint between the cannon bone and the long pastern bone.
FIRING
A severe treatment sometimes used for injured ligaments or bones.
FISTULA
A sore on the withers connected to a diseased internal cavity; very difficult to heal.
FOAL
A young, unweaned horse of either sex.
FORGING
When the sole or shoe of the forefoot is struck by the toe of the hindfoot. Back hits Front.
FOX TROT
A slow, easy gait in which the feet are mixed as if on the point of changing from a walk to a trot.
FROG
Wedge-shaped projection on the bottom of the horse's hoof.
FULL MOUTH
All permanent incisors in wear; seen in a five-year-old horse.
GALLOP
A four beat gait, rate of travel (about 12 to 16 miles per hour).
GASKIN
A bundle of muscles in the hind leg just above the hock.
GELDING
A castrated male horse.
GRAVELLED
An injury caused by sand or a stone working up into the foot through the sole.
HAND
A measure of 4 inches; used in measuring the height of horses.
HEAVES (Asthma, broken wind) Almost any respiratory disease, condition characterized by difficulty in expiration; incurable.
HOCK
Joint in the hind leg between the gaskin and the cannon bones.
LAMINITIS
(Founder) Condition caused by congestion of circulation in the sensitive laminae in the walls of the foot; may be caused by improper feeding, watering, work or cooling out.
LATERAL
Term used to describe a gait in which the fore and hind legs on the same side function in unison.
LOPE
Commonly used term for a canter.
MOON
(PERIODIC OPTHALMIA) Eye defect; caused
BLINDNESS by a riboflavin deficiency.
NAVICLUAR
Inflammation of the small navicular bone oand bursa
DISEASE inside the hoof.
NEAR SIDE
The left side of the horse.
OFF SIDE
The right side of the horse.
PACE
A lateral two-beat gait.
PADDLING
Term used to describe action when the feet are thrown forward outside a vertical plane.
PASTERN
Part of the leg between the fetlock and the hoof.
POLLEVIL
A fistula at the poll.
PONY
A horse under 14:2 hands tall.
POSTING
Practice of rising and descending of the rider with the rhythm of the trot; largely seen in horse show riding; not practiced with the western seat.
QUITTOR
Decay of the lateral cartilage of the foot; characterized by the discharge of pus.
TROT
A distinct, two-beat, diagonal gait.
UNSOUNDNESS
Defect which affects serviceability.
VICE
An acquired habit which interferes with a horse's usefulness.
WINDGALLS
Soft, puffy swellings on the legs.