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Arts and Humanities
Terms in this set (51)
1 What is the chief end of man?
The chief end of man is to glorify God and to enjoy Him forever.
2 What must I do in order to glorify God and to enjoy Him forever?
In order to glorify God and to enjoy Him forever, I must know and worship Him in spirit and in truth.
3 How can I know about God?
I can know about God by His creation, preservation, and government of the universe; ... which are before my eyes as a most elegant book, wherein all creatures, great and small, are as so many characters leading us to contemplate the invisible things of God.
4 How can I know about God most completely?
I can know about God most completely by the holy scriptures.
5 What are the holy scriptures?
The holy scriptures are the inerrant Word of God, the Old and New Testaments, ... the only rule of my faith and obedience, the only rule to direct me how I may glorify God and enjoy Him forever.
6 How do we know that the holy scriptures are inerrant?
We know that the holy scriptures are inerrant because they claim to be and because the Spirit of God bears witness with them in our hearts.
7 How did God give us the holy scriptures?
God gave us the holy scriptures as "men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God."
8 How are we to interpret the holy scriptures?
We are to interpret the holy scriptures by the infallible scriptures themselves; ... and therefore, when there is a question about the true and full sense of any scripture (which is not manifold, but one), it must be searched and known by other places that speak more clearly.
9 According to the holy scriptures, what is the only way for me to know and worship God in spirit and in truth?
According to the holy scriptures, the only way for me to know and worship God in spirit and in truth is through Jesus Christ, His only begotten Son.
10 According to the holy scriptures, Who is God?
According to the holy scriptures, God is "I am who I am," "the LORD," "the LORD God."
11 According to the holy scriptures, what is God?
According to the holy scriptures, God is a Spirit, infinite, eternal, and unchangeable, in His being, wisdom, power, holiness, justice, goodness, and truth.
12 How many Gods are there?
We all believe with the heart, and confess with the mouth, that there is only one living and true God.
.... And we detest the multitude of gods, because it is expressly written, "The LORD our God is one LORD," and "There is no other God besides Me."
13 How do we know that God exists in three persons?
We know that God exists in three persons because they are distinguished in Scripture ... by their personal relations with one another and by their distinctive works.
14 Who is God the Father?
God the Father is the eternal father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who so loved the world that he gave his only begotten son, that by faith we might become his little children and he our heavenly father.
15 Who is God the Son?
God the Son is "the only begotten from the Father," "the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature," Who, being the eternal Son of God, became man and so was and continues to be God and man in two distinct natures and one person forever.
16 Who is God the Holy Spirit?
God the Holy Spirit is the eternal Spirit proceeding from the Father, sent by the Father and the Son, but of one and the same essence, majesty and glory with both; ... and given me to make me by a true faith partaker of Christ and all His benefits that He may comfort me and abide with me forever.
17 In what sense are the three persons of the Godhead one?
The three persons of the Godhead are one in that they are a single, eternal, indivisible Being, the same in substance, equal in power and glory.
18 How is God related to all other things?
God is related to all other things as their creator, sustainer, and sovereign.... He does by them, for them, or upon them whatever he pleases, and in doing so he is most holy in all his counsels, in all his works, and in all his commands.
19 What is God's work of creation?
God's work of creation is His making all things of nothing, by the word of His power, in the space of six [literal] days, and all very good.
20 How did God create man?
God created man male and female, after his own image, in knowledge, righteousness, and holiness, with dominion over the creatures.
21 What is marriage of God's making?
Marriage of God's making is the joining by covenant of one male and one female to become one flesh until parted by death.
22 What is the cause of the death and depravity of man, made in God's image?
The cause of the death and depravity of man made in God's image, is the fall and disobedience of our first parents, Adam and Eve, so that our nature became so corrupt that we are all conceived and born in sin.
23 What is the state of sin into which we are all conceived and born?
The state of sin into which we are all conceived and born consists in the guilt of Adam's first sin, the lack of original [of origins] righteousness, the corruption of our whole nature (commonly called original sin), and all the actual transgressions which proceed from it.
24 What is the state of misery into which we are all conceived and born?
The state of misery into which we are all conceived and born consists in lost communion with God, life under His wrath and curse, and liability to all miseries in this life, death itself, and the pains of hell forever.
25 How did the Fall of man made in God's image affect the rest of earthly creation?
The Fall of man made in God's image affected the rest of earthly creation by subjecting it to God's curse of futility and slavery to corruption.
26 How does all mankind continue to be related to God after the fall?
After the Fall, all mankind continues to be subject to God's providence and to owe to him whatever He is pleased to require.
27 What is God's providence?
God's providence is His most holy, wise, and powerful preserving and governing of all His creatures and all their actions, to His own glory.
28 What is the benefit of our knowing about God's providence?
The benefit of our knowing about God's providence is that it makes us patient in adversity and thankful in prosperity, ... so that we may place our firm trust in our Heavenly Father concerning everything that befalls us.
29 What hope has God given that it is possible for us to be redeemed from our state of sin and misery?
The hope that God has given that it is possible for us to be redeemed from our state of sin and misery consists in the gracious provisions of His covenants.
30 What are God's covenants that give us hope in our state of sin and misery?
God's covenants that give us hope in our state of sin and misery are the Noahic, the Abrahamic, the Mosaic, the Davidic, and the New.
31 What is the Noahic covenant's gracious provision?
The Noahic covenant's gracious provision is God's promise that despite the natural depravity of man's heart, He will never again destroy the entire earth with a flood.
32 What are the Abrahamic covenant's gracious provisions?
The Abrahamic covenant's gracious provisions are God's promises concerning (1) Abraham's physical descendants, especially the nation Israel, (2) his ultimate seed, the Lord Jesus Christ, and (3) God's blessing through Abraham upon all the families of the earth.
33 What are the Mosaic covenant's gracious provisions?
The Mosaic covenant's gracious provisions are (1) God's good and holy Law, (2) the knowledge of our sin, and (3) the shadow of Christ's saving work to come.
34 What are the Davidic covenant's gracious provisions?
The Davidic covenant's gracious provisions are God's promises that David's seed, kingdom, and throne would be established forever, all of which are fulfilled in David's ultimate descendant, the Lord Jesus Christ.
35 What are the New Covenant's gracious provisions?
The New Covenant's gracious provisions are (1) a heart that is new, (2) a knowledge of the LORD that is personal, (3) a forgiveness of sins that is final and forever, and (4) a restoration of the nation Israel to her promised land that is abundantly blessed.
36 In what way can we obtain the gracious provisions of God's covenants?
The one way, the only way that we can obtain the gracious provisions of God's covenants is through the Redeemer, the Lord Jesus Christ.
37 What offices does Jesus Christ execute as our Redeemer?
Jesus Christ executes as our Redeemer the offices of prophet, priest, and king, in both His humiliation and His exaltation.
38 How does Christ execute the office of a prophet?
Christ executes the office of a prophet in revealing to us, by His Word and Spirit, the will of God for our salvation.
39 How does Christ execute the office of priest?
Christ executes the office of a priest in offering up Himself as the once-for-all sacrifice to satisfy Divine justice and reconcile us to God, and in making continual intercession for us.
40 How does Christ execute the office of a king?
Christ executes the office of a king in subduing us to Himself, in ruling and defending us, and in restraining and conquering all His and our enemies.
41 In what did Christ's humiliation consist?
Christ's humiliation consisted in His being born, and that in a low condition, made under the law, [and] undergoing the miseries of this life.
42 In what else did Christ's humiliation consist?
Christ's humiliation consisted also in His undergoing the wrath of God, and the cursed death of the cross; in being buried, and continuing under the power of death for a time.
43 In what does Christ's exaltation consist?
Christ's exaltation consists in His rising from the dead on the third day, ascending up into heaven, receiving the name which is above every name, and sitting down at the right hand of God the Father.
44 In what else will Christ's exaltation consist?
Christ's exaltation will consist also in (1) His bodily return to raise and rapture His own, (2) His execution of the righteous wrath of God, (3) His glorious return to rule the world, (4) His judgement of all mankind from a great white throne, and (5) His ultimate conquest of every enemy, concluding with even the everlasting abolishment of death.
45 How do we become partakers of Christ's redemption?
We become partakers of Christ's redemption by the effectual application of it to us by His Holy Spirit.
46 How does this Holy Spirit apply Christ's redemption to us?
The Holy Spirit applies Christ's redemption to us by working faith in us, and thereby uniting us to Christ in our effectual calling.
47 What is effectual calling?
Effectual calling is God's speaking in such a way, through the human communication of the gospel, that sinners respond willingly with saving faith.
48 How does the Holy Spirit work faith in us?
The Holy Spirit works faith in us by (1) convincing us of our sin and misery, (2) enlightening our minds in the knowledge of Christ, and (3) renewing our wills.
49 How does the Holy Spirit complete the working of faith in us?
The Holy Spirit completes the working of faith in us by persuading and enabling us to embrace Jesus Christ, freely offered to us in the gospel.
50 What benefits do those who are effectually called partake of in this life?
Those who are effectually called partake in this life of justification, sonship, sanctification, and all Spiritual blessings which in this life either accompany or flow from them.
51 What is justification?
Justification is God's righteous declaration that we, though ungodly in ourselves, stand entirely righteous before Him.
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