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6.2 - The Jacksonian Era (Second Great Awakening, Hudson River School, Transcendentalism and Utopias)
Terms in this set (43)
Movement in the early 1800s in art, literature, music and philosophy that emphasized emotion, individualism, discovery of the self and connections to the natural world.
Romantic author of Rip Van Winkle and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow.
James Fenimore Cooper
Romantic author of the Letherstocking Tales, including the Last of the Mohicans.
Edgar Allan Poe
American romantic author and poet. His dark stories and poetry are examples of the romanticism's use of nature as a reflection of human experience.
Romantic author of The Scarlet Letter.
Romantic poet. Mostly reclusive, she is widely regarded as one of the premiere authors of the first half of the 1800s.
Novel by Herman Melville. It is a classic of the Romantic Era in which human flaws such as hate, revenge, arrogance and personified in the hunt for a whale.
Romantic author of the classic Moby-dick.
Hudson River School
A group of artists of the Romantic Era who painted landscapes.
Founder of the Hudson River School. He pioneered the use of landscape painting in the Romantic Era.
Frederick Edwin Church
Along with Albert Bierstadt and Thomas Cole, one of the great artists of the Hudson River School.
Along with Frederick Edwin Church and Thomas Cole, one of the great artists of the Hudson River School.
Charles Grandison Finney
Minister who initiated the Second Great Awakening.
Second Great Awakening
Religious movement in the first half of the 1800s that emphasizes individual connection to god, spark of divinity, Pentecostalism, postmillennialism and was driven by travelling ministers who preached at camp meetings. It was most strong in New York, but spread throughout the nation, except in the South.
Spark of Divinity
The idea from the Second Great Awakening that everyone could make an individual connection to god.
A movement within Protestant Christianity that places special emphasis on a direct personal experience of God through baptism with the Holy Spirit. It is an outgrowth of the Second Great Awakening.
Multi-day religious community events during the Second Great Awakening.
Burned Over District
Area in up-state New York that was home to particularly fervent religious excitement during the Second Great Awakening.
The idea that Jesus Christ established his kingdom on earth through his preaching in the First Century and that he would return, after a period in which faith, righteousness, peace, and prosperity prevailed in the affairs of men and of nations.
Seventh-day Adventist Church
A religious group established during the Second Great Awakening based on the idea that they could pinpoint the exact day that Jesus would return to earthy.
Founder of the Mormon Church.
Book of Mormon
Book written by Joseph Smith. Mormons consider it to be a holy text alongside the Bible.
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
Full name for the Mormon Church.
Leader of the Mormons after the murder of Joseph Smith. He led them along their trek to Utah.
The movement of the Mormons from Illinois to Utah in 1844.
Hellfire and Brimstone
A style of preaching popularized during the Second Great Awakening that emphasized the urgency of repenting sins and joining the Church before the imminent return of Jesus and the arrival of the judgement day.
American Bible Society
Organization founded during the Second Great Awakening to publish Bibles. Women were especially active in this group.
A philosophical movement that originated in the first half of the 1800s among intellectuals in New England. It taught that humans and nature were inherently good and that by rejecting traditional ways of living and thinking people could rise above the distractions of modern life and find happiness and understanding.
The Transcendental Club
Group of transcendentalists. Their publication The Dial, was edited by Margaret Fuller.
Feminist author of Women of the Nineteenth Century and editor of The Transcendentalists Club's periodical The Dial.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Founder of the Transcendentalism and president of The Transcendentalist Club. His book Nature, defined the movement.
The American Scholar
Essay by Ralph Waldo Emerson in which he urged Americans to stop looking to Europe for examples to imitate.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
American poet and transcendentalist. Among his poems many famous poems is Paul Revere's Ride.
American poet and transcendentalist. His most celebrated work is the collection of poetry Leaves of Grass.
Henry David Thoreau
Most famous of all the transcendentalists, he lived for a year alone at Walden Pond.
Book by Henry David Thoreau recounting his experience living alone in the woods.
A perfect place. In the early 1800s, various groups of social reformers tried to create new communities to create such a place.
A Christian group the flourished in the early 1800s. They promoted equality of the sexes and celibacy. Their founded in the United States was Mother Ann Lee.
Mother Ann Lee
Founder of the American Shaker movement.
Utopian community in Indiana founded in 1825 by Robert Owen.
Utopian community in New York founded by John Humphrey Noyes. They rejected traditional marriage practices and encouraged communal childrearing. They were economically successful manufacturing cutlery and flatware.
Utopian community in Massachusetts founded by transcendentalists.
Utopian community founded by Bronson Alcott.
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