33 terms

Looking at Movies Chapter 2

STUDY
PLAY
Mise-en-scène
Overall look and feel of movie. Sum of everything the audience sees, hears and experiences
Sound
Transmitted vibrations received by the ear and thus heard by the recipient
Narrative
A cinematic structure in which content is selected and arranged in a cause and effect sequence of events occurring over time
Form
The means by which a subject is expressed
Content
The subject of an artwork
MacGuffin
A pointless object in a movie that has no meaning
Chiaroscuro
The use of deep gradations and subtle variations of light and darks within an image
Parallel editing aka cross cutting aka intercutting
Intercutting of two or more lines of action that occurs simultaneously
Freeze frame aka stop/hold frame
Still image within a movie created by repetitive printing in the Laboratory of some frame
Scene
A complete unit of plot action incorporating one or more shots
Bullet time
Detaching time and space from camera (Matrix)
Realism
View or represent things as they actually are
Anti-realism
Against realism
Versimilitude
the appearance of being true or real
apparent motion
Movie project tricking us into perceiving separate images instead of jerky images
Phi Phenomenon
The illusion of movement created by events that succeed each other rapidly
persistence of vision
Process by which the human brain retains an image for a fraction longer than the eye records it
critical flicker fusion
Occurs when a single light flickers on and off with such speed that the individual pulses of light fuse together to give the illusion of continuous light
What is the relationship between form and content?
Form is the style, techniques and media used. Content is the works essence; what is being depicted. Works of art need both.
How are patterns used in movies and for what effect?
Some patterns keep viewers watching and add drama. It also allows filmmakers to establish something.
Parallel editing vs consecutive shots
Creates and exploits patterns/reinforces a feeling of slow motion
6 Major formal aspects of film
Narrative, mise-en-scéne, cinematography, acting, editing and sound.
3 fundamental principles of form?
Movies depend on light, movies provide an illusion of movement, manipulate space and time in unique ways
What were early films called?
Matinee
In what way are viewer expectations important to the viewing of a film? What influences viewer expectations? Must our expectations be fulfilled for us to enjoy a film?
Expectations are influenced by trailers, previews, and word of mouth. They're important because they determine whether viewers enjoy the movie or not.
Movies seem to move and rely on illusion to create "movement." Explain the 4 techniques used to create an illusion of movement.
PersistEnce of vision, phi phenomenon, critical flicker fusion, and apparent motion.
Explain what film theorist Erwin Panofsky means by claiming that films provide the "dynamization of space" and the "specialization of time."
Movies give time to space and space to time. Time and space are relative to one another. Can't separate or perceive one without the other.
What determines our perceptions of the cinematic space? Why?
The motion picture camera, the lens. Difference between human eye and camera eye.
What are 3 basic approaches to realism?
Modest, unembellished sets & settings, storylines that portray ordinary lives of ordinary people and naturalistic performances and dialogue
How does anti-realism draw from realism? What role does verisimilitude play?
It draws from realism by using perception of reality as a strong point. Both can achieve a convincing appearance of truth=verisimilitude.
What does it mean if I refer to a movie as a text or ask you to read a shot, scene or movie?
It means to apply your understanding of cinematic language
What are the effects of lighting on a movie's meaning?
Creates mood, reveals character and conveys meaning
What is cinematic language?
The accepted systems, methods or conventions by which the movie communicates with the viewers.
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