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chapter 15 notes
Terms in this set (32)
a sustained period of renewed interest and remarkable developments in art, literature, science, and learning
a movement inspired by the humanities: rhetoric, grammar, poetry, history, Latin, and Greek
a worldly focus rather than a spiritual one
author of The Courtier. It describes how Renaissance gentlemen and gentle women should act.
a political philosopher and statesman whose experiences with violent politics influenced how the government should be ruled. Author of The Prince, he said that a ruler must do whatever is necessary to maintain political power
Lorenzo de Medici
a part of the wealthy and powerful family that ruled Florence. Well-educated poet and supported the arts.
Leonardo da Vinci
a highly talented painter but also a writer, an inventor, an architect, and engineer, a mathematician, a musician, and a philosopher. Maker of The Last Supper, and the Mona Lisa.
an accomplished sculptor. Became famous with his work Pieta, a statue of Mary holding Jesus after his death. Also completed the ceiling in the Sistine Chapel.
an renowned painter and architect. His most famous work was The School of Athens, a fresco.
cast letters of the alphabet and locked those plates into a wooden press. The press was seen in other places but he was given credit
lead Christian humanism. Worked as a priest and wrote extensively on the need for a pure and simple Christian life, stripped of the rituals and politics of the church on Earth. His book made the already irritated Roman Catholic church worse.
Sir Thomas More
important humanist and English statesman, author of the novel Utopia. It criticized the English government and society and a vision of a perfect society based on reason.
one of the greatest English playwrights. His dramatic plays were a shift from religious morality plays that were popular in the Middle Ages.
Christine de Pisan
wrote important works the focused on the role women played in society. One of the few that rooted for equality and education for women.
a German artist who primarily painted in oils and used the Italian techniques of realism and perspective.
Jan Van Eyck
a Flemish artist who perfected oil painting and focused on landscapes and domestic life.
a religious movement in the 1500s that split the Christian church in western Europe and led to the establishment of a number of new churches.
pardons issued by the pope of the Roman Catholic Church that could reduce a soul's time in purgatory.
a German monk whose 95 Theses in 1517 led to the movement known as the Reformation.
a government rulled by religious leaders who claim God's authority.
French Protestant theologian of the Reformation; he founded Calvinism, which was associated with the doctrine of predestination.
the belief that at the beginning of time God decided who would gain salvation.
King of England from 1509-1547; his desire to annul his marriage led to a conflict with the pope, England's break with the Roman Catholic Church, and its embrace of Protestantism. Also established the Church of England.
declared invalid based on church laws.
Queen of England from 1558-1603; daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn; one of the most powerful English monarchs of all time.
the Catholic Church's series of reforms in response to the spread of Protestantism in the mid-1500s to the early 1600s.
members of a Catholic religious order, the Society of Jesus, founded by Ignatius Loyola in 1534.
Ignatius of Loyola
Spanish churchman and founder of the Jesuits.
Council of Trent
a meeting of church leaders in the 1500s whose purpose was to clearly define Catholic doctrines for the Catholic Reformation.
Archbishop of Milan from 1560-1584; took steps to implement the reforms ordered by the Council of Trent.
Francis of Sales
French Roman Catholic leader and preacher; worked to win back France from Calvinism.
Teresa of Avila
Spanish Carmelite nun and one of the principal saints of the Roman Catholic Church; she reformed Carmelite order.
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