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Terms in this set (46)
What were Church reforms, causes and effects of Crusades?
Appointment of positions
Marriage between priests
selling of positions
Practice of selling positions in the church
Style of architecture of the cathedrals during the Middle Ages
Pope who called for the first Crusade
A holy war
Famous Muslim leader of the1100s
Richard the Lion-Hearted
English king who fought Saladin in the Third Crusade
Effort by Christian leaders to drive the Muslims out of Spain
Church court that tried people suspected of having opposing religious beliefs
What three practices showed the Church needed reforming?
The three practices which showed the Church were in need of reforming were the marriage of priests, another was simony (the selling of positions in the Church). And the third problem was the appointment of bishops by kings.
What was the new style of church architecture?
The new style of church architecture was Gothic. The cathedrals were towering and light streamed in through colorful stained-glass windows.
Why did people support the Crusades?
People supported the Crusades to gain control of Jerusalem and the entire Holy Land.
What was the Reconquista (RE-CONQUER)
The Reconquista was a victorious attempt of Christians to drive Muslims out of Spain.Their motive was deep religious feeling.
What are four effects of the Crusades?
Four effects of the Crusades were displaying the amount of power in the church and their believers, a cutting of the popes power in fail attempt of future Crusades, and a reducing of the nobles power in result of many deaths of their knights. Lastly due to the harsh treatment the Christians showed towards the Muslims resulted in bitterness present to modern day.
Farmland divided into three equal-sized fields, in which crops were rotated.
Increase in amount of crops.
Take on different jobs
An organization working to get the best prices or working conditions
Modern day union
Set prices and standards
The expansion of trade and changes in business practices
Merchant class person who lived in a town
Scholar who argued that the most basic religious truths could be proved by sound reasoning
Scholars who gathered and taught at universities
Give three reasons why the food supply increased.
Three reasons why the food supply increased was due to climate change, Horses Horses pulled plows and did twice the work of oxen and the three-field system.
What were the two kinds of guilds?
The two kinds of guilds were merchant guilds who worked to get the best prices for their goods. And Craft guilds who made up of groups of workers who did the same job.
How did ways of doing business change?
Business changed through the idea of preparation though a lend of money from banks brought up by the Jewish.
Why did peasants move to the towns?
Peasants moved to the towns for increased opportunities and freedom
William the Conqueror
Duke of Normandy who invaded England in 1066 and claimed the English crown. Like Cyrus and Alexander the Great
English king who added French lands to English holdings by marrying Eleanor of Aquitaine
A body of rulings by English judges
Great Charter, which guaranteed certain basic political rights.
Body of representatives that makes laws for a nation
Founder of the dynasty that ruled France from 987-1328
One of the most powerful Capetian kings
A council of representatives that advise the French king
Who invaded England before the William the Conqueror?
Before William the Conqueror invaded England, Danish Vikings invaded the it in the 800s.
Why was the Magna Carta important?
The Magna Carter was important because due to abuse of power, it put limitations on the power of the king, and were mostly in favor of the nobles. Though citizens said the Magna Carter also applied to them.
How did the kings of France gain more control over their subjects?
The kings of France gained more control over their subjects by tripling the land under his control. And made a stronger central government. Phillip II grandson Louis XI allowed people to appeal their lords decisions in royal courts, which gave him more power. And he held the Estate General, and invited common people.
City in France where the pope moved temporarily
Division in the Church created by having popes in both Avignon and Rome
English scholar who argued that the Bible was the final authority for Christian life
Bohemian scholar who taught that the Bible was the final authority for Christian life
Deadly disease that spread across Asia and Europe in the mid-14th century
Hundred Years' War
War between England and France waged from 1337 to 1453
Joan of Arc
English peasant who led the French army to victory at Orleans
What created the Great Schism?
The Great Schism was created by confusion. Church officials remained with two popes elected by the French and the Italian lasted for 39 years.
Name three effects of the plague.
Three effects of the plague were 1/3 of death in Europe due to the disease.
Trade declined, prices rose, town size decreased which resulted in fewer job availability, revolting of peasants (social chaos)
What role did Joan of Arc play in the Hundred Years' War?
Joan of Arcs' role in the past hundred years during war was a male disguised leader of the French military. When captured , she was taken on as a witch, as burned on stake.
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