Age of Exploration

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Terms in this set (...)

Caravel
a small, fast Spanish or Portuguese sailing ship of the 15th-17th centuries.
compass
navigational instrument for finding directions
Cartography
the science of mapmaking
Astrolab
a device that enabled navigators to learn their ship's location by charting the position of the stars
rudder
the hinged plate at the back and bottom of a boat, used for steering
Conquistador
A Spanish conqueror of the Americas
colony
a country or area under the full or partial political control of another country, typically a distant one, and occupied by settlers from that country.
Mercantilism
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
Treaty of Tordesillas (1494)
Signed by Spain and Portugal, dividing the territories of the New World. Spain received the bulk of territory in the Americas, compensating Portugal with titles to lands in Africa and Asia.
Triangular Trade
A three way system of trade during 1600-1800s Africa sent slaves to America, America sent Raw Materials to Europe, and Europe sent Guns and Rum to Africa
Columbian Exchange
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
Middle Passage
A voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to the Americas and the West Indies
Lateen Sail
Triangular sail that was developed in Indian Ocean trade that allowed a ship to sail against the wind.
Jamestown
First permanent English settlement in North America
Joint Stock Companies
businesses formed by groups of people who jointly make an investment and share in the profits and losses
Amerigo Vespucci
A mapmaker and explorer who said that America was a new continent, so America was named after him.
Vasco de Gama (Portugal)
Discovered a route to India, for Portugal by sea, very profitable for both the country and sailor with his cargo
Christopher Columbus
He mistakenly discovered the Americas in 1492 while searching for a faster route to India.
Ferdinand Magellan
Portuguese explorer who found a sea route to the Spice Island by sailing around the American continent. His crew was the first to circumnavigate the world.
Henry the Navigator
Portuguese prince who promoted the study of navigation and directed voyages of exploration down the western coast of Africa. (PATRON!)
Treaty of Tordesillas
Mercantilism
Triangular Trade
columbian Exchange