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Aztecs and Incas

1200s-1500s AD

The Renaissance

1300s-1600s AD

Constantinople falls

1453 AD

Granada falls to Spain, expelling Muslims

1492 AD

Columbus discovers the New World

October 12, 1492

Life of Henry VIII

1509-1547 AD

Erasmus' New Testament

1516 AD

95 Theses

1517 AD

Cortez subdues Aztecs

1519-1521 AD

Magellan's Expedition

1519-1522 AD

Luther at Worms

1521 AD

Pizarro conquers Incas

1532 AD

Calvin in Geneva

1541-1564 AD

Council of Trent

1545-1563 AD

Bloody Mary (Mary I) rules England

1553-1558 AD

Peace of Augsburg

1555 AD

Elizabeth I

1558-1603 AD

Spanish Armada defeated by England

1588 AD

Life of Shakespeare

1590-1613 AD

Edict of Nantes

1598 AD

Cosimo de'Medici begins to rule Florence

1434 (1469) AD

Execution of Sir Thomas More

1532 AD

Gutenberg produces first printed Bible using moveable type

1455 AD

Life of Giotto

1267-1337 AD

Life of Prince Henry the Navigator of Portugal

1394-1460 AD

Life of Leonardo da Vinci

1452-1519 AD

Spain's King Ferdinand marries Queen Isabella

1469 AD

Botticelli paints La Primavera

1477-1478 AD

Bartolomeu Dias first rounds the Cape of Storms for Portugal

1488 AD

Life of Raphael

1483-1520 AD

King Charles VIII (France) invades Italy

1494 AD

Da Vinci paints The Last Supper

1495-1498 AD

Vasco da Gama (Portugal) sails to India and back

1497-1498 AD

Savonarola is burned at the stake for heresy

1498 AD

Michelangelo carves the David

1501-1504 AD

Da Vinci completes Mona Lisa

1506 AD

Michelangelo paints the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel

1508-1512 AD

Machiavelli writes The Prince

1513 AD

Ponce de Leon explores Florida and the Gulf of Mexico

1513 AD

Life of Ivan the Terrible

1530-1584 AD

Peasants' Revolt

1524-1525 AD

Charles V forced to accept the Peace of Augsburg

1555 AD

Zwingli's Protestantism established in Zurich

1523 AD

Early Mennonites meet in Switzerland

1525 AD

Cranmer appointed Archbishop of Canterbury

1533 AD

Christian I establishes Lutheranism in Denmark

1536 AD

Calvin publishes Institutes of the Christian Religion

1536 AD

Gustav I establishes Lutheranism in Sweden

1540 AD

Edward VI rules England

1547-1553 AD

Lady Jane Grey rules for nine days

1553 AD

Cranmer is burned at the stake

1556 AD

HRE Charles V abdicates to son Philip II

1556 AD

William I (Netherlands) declares independence from Spain

1581 AD

Henry IV (France) becomes king and converts to Catholicism

1589 AD

Spain recognizes Dutch independence

1648 AD

Life of John Knox

c. 1514-1572 AD

Drake circumnavigates the world

1577-1580 AD

James I rules England and Scotland (as James VI)

1603-1625 AD

Scots establish Presbyterianism

1560 AD

Rubens paints the Descent from the Cross

1612-1614 AD

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