Religion Midterm- Timmreck
Terms in this set (67)
means "to send away" or "one who is sent". Refers to the twelve men chosen by Jesus during the course of his public ministry to be his closest followers.
a successor of the Apostles who has received the fullness of Christ's priesthood. Today's apostles.
the record of the life of Jesus, the actions of men, and the guiding light of the Holy Spirit acting in the Church.
being killed for one's faith
When did Jesus send the Holy Spirit to guide the Church
Who is the cornerstone of the Church?
Who is Christ's vicar on earth?
Scripture and tradition
What are the two basic components of the history of the Church?
Simeon- recognized the infant and blessed his parents
Anna- recognized the messiah and began to speak about the child to all waiting for him
Who are Simeon and Anna
Herod sent soldiers to kill every male child in Bethlehem
What was the "Slaughter of the Innocents?
What is the inaugural event of Jesus' public ministry?
love their enemies as Jesus did
What was the teaching of the New Law?
Gave them courage
What effects did the Holy Spirit have upon the Apostles at Pentecost?
one, holy, catholic, and apostolic
What are the four marks of the Church?
They were personally chosen by Christ and received teachings and instructions directly from Christ.
What sets the Apostles apart from the other early members of the Church?
A.D. 49/50; whether or not they had to make the Gentiles Jews or Christians before circumcision.
When and why was the council of Jerusalem called?
St. Paul sought and won permission to preach Jesus Christ crucified and resurrected without forcing circumcision.
What was the outcome of the council of Jerusalem?
one who writes a work in order to defend and explain the Christian religion.
the passing of the Faith of the Apostles from generation to generation.
the first sacrament of initiation, instituted by Jesus, unites the believer to Christ. In this sacrament, a believer is forgiven of original and personal sin.
means "thanksgiving" was and is the central act of Christian worship. It consists in consuming the Sacrament of Holy Communion, the Body and Blood of Christ
original sin is forgiven, baptismal character imprinted on the soul, confers upon the child a special grace
What are some of the advantages of infant baptism?
private homes and catacombs
Where were the earliest Masses celebrated?
Wednesday and Friday
Which two days of the week did the earliest Christians keep holy as days of fasting and penance?
represented both the day on which Jesus rose from the dead, the day on which Pentecost occurred, and first day of recreation
Why did Christians come to observe Sunday as the holiest day of the week?
refers to the pope, to denote his divine authority
What does the term "vicar of Christ" mean?
The bishops shepherd the Catholics, without them we have no sacraments.
What is the value of the episcopacy (value of all the bishops"?
presbyteros, presbyter or elder
From what word does the word "priest" derive?
They came immediately after the Apostles. The apostles knew them directly.
What is so special about the historical position of the "Apostolic Fathers"?
the willful renunciation of the Faith in its entirety
person who denies the faith altogether
person who denies one or more doctrines of the Faith
Acts 9:2 and 19:9
Where in the Bible is Christianity referred to as "The Way"?
drank babies blood, enemies of the empire, caused natural catastrophes, and disregarded tradition
What were some of the accusations against Christians during the first persecutions?
Without bishops neither Matrimony or Eucharist were possible. Protects the church and promotes unity.
What does St. Ignatius have to say about the importance of the episcopacy (bishops)?
St. Perpetua and St. Felciity
Who are probably the two most famous women victims of Septimus' Serverus' persecution?
restored all property taken from the church, granted Christians the freedom to practice their religion, made us legal and public, a milestone of Christianity
Discuss the importance of the Edict of Milan.
"the whole inhabited world," they bring bishops and others entitled to vote from all over the world to discuss central issues of the Church. They are presided over by the pope and issues decrees which, with the approval of the pope.
the refusal to accept one or more truths of the Faith which are required for Catholic belief.
free from error
first translation of the Bible from its original languages into Latin by St. Jerome.
an official statement of belief
Trinity and Incarnation
What two points of belief does the Anthanasian creed emphasize?
Who has the power to start, change, and end an ecumenical council?
excommunicating and forcing him the emperor to make public penance for slaughtering 700 village people that year
How and why did St. Ambrose stand up to the very powerful emperor Theodosius in 390?
outstanding preacher (golden-mouthed) and commentator on the Bible.
For what is St. John Chrysostom best known?
Teaching that Jesus had two natures fully human and divine. Adopted in 451.
What is the Hypostatic Union and when was it adopted?
revealed truth by church guided by holy spirit; official beliefs of the church
Theodosius I in 391
When and by whom was Christianity declared the official religion of the empire?
What was the key for the Church in converting the Germanic tribes.
model themselves on Christ
How is Christian monasticism unique?
They are secluded, and ordinary people sought him out in the desert to ask for intercessory prayers and guidance.
What was a common problem of the early hermits in Egypt?
poverty, chastity, and obedience
what three vows were accepted by the Benedictines?
father, teacher, preacher, leader, administrator, liturgist, and sometimes even military leader. Bishops took on leadership positions, and they worked to preserve the safety of the people.
Discuss the role of the bishop in the work of conversion in Europe.
Franks were the first of the Germanic tribes to embrace the Catholic Faith.
Why is France known as the "Church's eldest daughter"?
St. Patrick, he was kidnapped by pirates of the coast of Britain and took him to Ireland. He lived the life of a slave there.
Who is known as the "Apostle of Ireland," and what is his background?
Being the most important centers of learning in all of Europe and saving much Greco-Roman literature throughout the middle ages.
How did Irish monasteries protect and promote Western civilization?
Who was the "Apostle of Scotland"?
St. Boniface, converted the Germans and laid the foundation of a church based on a monastic model.
Who is the "Apostle of Germany," and how did he shape the heart of Europe?
St. Cyril and St. Methodius, they entered the priesthood and went to Rome for guidance from the Pope.
Who were the "Apostles of the Slavs," and what were their backgrounds?
an authorized gathering of bishops, guided in a unique way by the Holy Spirit, to discuss ecclesiastical matters with the aim of passing decrees on the themes under discussion
Saintly writers of the early Church whom the Church recognizes as her special witnesses of Faith
Who is the authentic interpreter of Sacred Scripture
circumcision and Baptism
How did the Roman emperor Septimus Severus threaten Judaism and Christianity?
St. Augustine of Canterbury
Who is the "Apostle of England?"
People worshipped the icons and they thought it was improper to draw any pictures of God.
What was the controversy about icons?
He was given the authority. Whenever he speaks with the authority he is speaking through Leo.
Under what circumstances was it said of Pope St. Leo I that "Peter has spoken through Leo?" What does this statement really mean?