Survey of Musical Theater Exam 2 (1930s-1950s)
Terms in this set (38)
1930's-- shows that take the audience away from the hardships of real life, such as, in this case, the Great Depression. Stars of the time Ethel Merman, Bob Hope
characteristics of time period: increased popularity of political statements and escapism in musical theater. Shows: Hellzapoppin, Pins and Needles, Of Thee I Sing, Anything Goes, The Cradle Will Rock, Porgy and Bess, innovations: the revolve
Cradle Will Rock
show of the 1930's. The show was locked out of the theater on performance night by the Federal Theater Project (union), so instead performed in a theater type thing, from the audience. had one of the earliest cast recordings. Orson Welles
Of Thee I Sing
show of the 1930's. First musical to win a Pulitzer. It was a political satire written by the Gershwins
Pins & Needles
The first, and only show produced by a union (1930's)
As Thousands Cheer
show of the 1930's. Newspaper headline show. Irving Berlin, Ethel Waters
agitated propaganda-- to rouse passion
he was a composer and lyricist. Married to a beautiful European actress, although he was gay, and was very rich. Incorporated darker/ scandalous issues into his musicals. Shows: Red, Hot and Blue "It's D'Lovely", Du Barry was a Lady- song about prostitution, Panama Hattie (Ethel Merman), *- Anything Goes, Kiss Me Kate,
brought ballet to broadway
"Slaughter on 10th avenue" first dream ballet
important shows from him: Of Thee I Sing, Strike Up The Band, Porgy & Bess
Porgy and Bess
30's show written by the Gershwins; an all black cast, folk opera, not a initially a hit
Rodgers & Hart
wrote shows On Your Toes (dream ballet), Babes in Arms, Boys From Syracuse (based on taming of the Shrew), Pal Joey. focused more on happier shows.
Boys From Syracuse
a show by Rodgers and Hart based on Shakespeare's A Comedy of Errors
characteristics of era: book musical has matured, role of the director becomes more important. racial humor was dying out. cast recordings became available. Shows: Oklahoma, On the Town (Jerome Robbins), Carousel, Annie Get Your Gun, Kiss me Kate, Finean's Rainbow, Brigadoom,
wrote Guys and Dolls, "Luck be a Lady". the first 15 min of the show was all dance, which was new for the time. also wrote Where's Charlie. He got rid of songwriters vernacular and used American language.
show written by Rodgers and Hart in the 40's. lead character, played by gene kelly, was not a nice character and the show did not have a stereotypical happy ending.
Rodgers and Hammerstein
wrote shows: Oklahoma!, Carousel, Allegro, South Pacific, The King and I, Sound of Music,
show by Rodgers and Hammerstein that won the Pulitzer (2nd musical to do so), had interracial issues. had Mary Martin in it, and some opera star dude Ezio
wrote the shows: Annie Get Your Gun, Louisiana Purchase, This is the Army (Ethel Merman), Call Me Madam, Miss Liberty,
Annie Get Your Gun
show by irving berlin in 40's. Ethel Merman's biggest hit. Berlin's biggest hit Jerome Kern was supposed to do lyrics, but died. R&H produced. had 8 hit songs ("No business like show business"). most expensive show. Hammerstein invented the conditional ballad.
Lerner and Lowe
lyricist and composer that wrote Brigadoon (had more non singers than singers), Paint your Wagon (*** look in book), My Fair Lady,
Kiss Me, Kate
show by Cole Porter, based on Taming of the shrew (2nd show ever based on a Shakespeare)
On The Town
a show by Bernstein, Greene, Robbins and Betty Comden, about sailors that are on leave in NYC. it is a dance show, choreographed by Jerome Robbins
The King and I
show. Rodgers and Hammerstein.1940's. true story again centered around prejudice. Gertrude Lawrence, and Yul Brynner played important roles.
songwriter who wrote Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (with Carol Channing), Peter Pan, Gypsy
director/choreographer of On the Town (and many others)
the abominable showman.
choreographer. Can-Can, Finean's Rainbow, Billy the Kis, Guys and Dolls, Redhead (Gwen Verdon)
she was the first major triple threat, with 4 tony's and 9 shows total. married Bob Fosse. in Can-Can, Redhead, New Girl in Town, Chicago, Damn Yankees
he was a choreographer/director with 8 Tony's (which is more than any other choreographer. Damn Yankees, redhead, new girl in town,
he was a choreographer/director. choreographed On The Town. did West Side Story, Peter Pan, Gypsy (Ethel Merman), the king and i
he wrote music for West Side Story (he was going to write for Gypsy but Ethel Merman had to be a diva), has 8 Tony's,
he has won more Tony's than anyone else ever (21). producer/director. West Side Story, Fiorello, The Pajama Game, Damn Yankees, A New Girl in Town,
show about the NY governor. won a Pulitzer (3rd musical to win). did not have a love plot. dramatized self reliance, and the American you-can-do-it spirit.
West Side Story
had 2 different names (Gang something and East side story). had Sondheim, Bernstein, Arthur Laurents (librettist),
a show that took 8 years to write, beat West Side Story in Tony's
librettist who wrote for Gypsy and West Side Story
a show with Jule Styne, Sondheim. Ethel Merman and Laurents. ?? and Harold Prince and Jerome Robbins,