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Political Thought - Immigration & Urbanization
Terms in this set (26)
Movement of individuals from their native nation into the United States.
"Old Wave" of Immigration
"Wave" of immigration into the United States lasting from approximately 1830 - approximately 1880.
Most immigrants during this time were Irish or Chinese.
"New Wave" of Immigration
"Wave" of immigration into the United States lasting from approximately 1880 - 1910s.
Most European immigrants during this "wave" were Italian, Croatian and Russian (Jewish Russian in particular)
Danish-born American journalist who reported the unsanitary/unsafe living conditions faced by immigrants in New York City's tenenment apartments & slum neighborhoods.
How the Other Half Lives (1890)
Jacob Rii's novel published in 1890. This novel fetured powerful photographs and moving journalism.
The irrational, extreme fear/hatred of immigrants.
Marriage within one's own religious, ethnic, or racial group.
3 American cities with a population of approximately 1 million people in 1890
Chicago, Philadelphia, and New York City
"Push" Factors of Immigration
Economic (lack of employment), political (authoritarian government), or social (religious persecution) factors that "pushed" immigrants out of their home nations and into the United States.
"Pull" Factors of Immigration
Economic (employment opportunities - usually associated with industrialization), political (democratic or at least limited gov't) or social (religious tolerance through legislation) factors that "pulled" immigrants out of their home nations and into the United States.
Example of a closed immigrant community
"Little Italy" in New York City in 1890
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire of 1911
Industrial disaster in New York City, causing the death of 145 garment workers who burned to death, died from smoke inhalation, or jumped (in attempt to escape the fire) to their deaths.
Fire led to The Sullivan-Hoey Fire Prevention Law requiring improved factory and industrial fire safety standards.
Max Blanck & Isaac Harris
Founders/Owners of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory during the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire of 1911.
Both men were acquitted of manslaughter charges and were able to collect insurance money after the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire of 1911
Sullivan-Hoey Fire Prevention Law of 1911
Law passed after Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire of 1911 which required management to install and maintain sprinkler systems in New York factories.
The Gilded Age
Term used to describe the often corrupt political, economic, and social events in American history from 1865-1900
The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today (1873)
An 1873 satirical novel by Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner criticizing the greed of American business and corruption in American politics / society following the Civil War.
This novel coined the term "Gilded Age"
The more famous of the two American authors who co-wrote The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today in 1873.
Charles Dudley Warner
The less famous of the two American authors who co-wrote The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today in 1873.
New York clergyman and leader in the "Social Gospel" movement
Wrote "Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907)"
Ohio clergyman and leader in the "Social Gospel" movement
Socio-political movement in the late 1800s / early 1900s that stressed American churches / religious communities should take a leadership role in alleviating the economic, social, and political problems (unsafe working/living conditions, unfair labor practices, overcrowding, the rapid spread of communicable diseases, illiteracy, crime, etc.) facing working-class Americans and newly-arrived immigrants in America's major cities
Social activist, political reformer, and contributor to the Social Gospel.
Wrote ""The Subjective Necessity for Social Settlements" (1892)"
Founded Hull House in Chicago, Illinois in 1889
First American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize (1931)
Settlement house founded by social activist Jane Addams in Chicago in 1889.
Hull House provided several social services such as:
Kindergarten and daycare for working mothers
Job training and a job-placement bureau
English language and acculturation classes for newly-arrived immigrants
Booker T Washington
Prominent African-American intellectual, who encouraged African-Americans to pursue a vocational education because he African-Americans could establish themselves as an integral part of local, state, and the national economy, then use their economic leverage to force white Americans to recognize and respect their civil rights.
Born into slavery on a Virginia tobacco plantation on April 5, 1856
Founder and leader Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute (Now Tuskegee University)
Author of Up from Slavery
Gave a speech encouraging racial cooperation, especially in the American South, on September 18, 1895 at the Cotton States and International Exposition in Atlanta, Georgia.
W.E.B. Du Bois criticized him for accepting racial segregation and therefore, referred to the speech as the "Atlanta Compromise".
He considered W.E.B. DuBois' calls for an immediate end to racial segregation and immediate racial equality an "extremist folly"
Prominent African-American intellectual, who encouraged African-Americans to demand immediate and total recognition of their civil rights by White Americans.
Born in Massachusetts on February 23, 1868.
First African-American to earn a MA and PhD from Harvard University
Founding member of NAACP
Published The Souls of Black Folk in 1903 in which he introduced the sociological concept of "Double-Consciousness" which states that African-Americans must consider not only their view of themselves but also the view that the world, particularly whites, has of them in all aspects of life.
Began to fall out of favor with black and white Americans when he began embracing the ideals of Communism in the 1940 - 1960s.
Immigrated and eventually died in the African nation of Ghana
Ida B. Wells-Barnett
Prominent anti-lynching activist and lecturer
Founder of National Association of Colored Women's Club
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