Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

Dicyclomine HCl (Bentyl)

Suppresses peristalsis and decreases gastric emptying

Opioid analgesics

Slow peristalsis and segmental contractions, often resulting in constipation

Anticholinergic drugs such as atropine or glycopyrrolate (Robinul)

Inhibit gastric acid secretion and depress gastrointestinal (GI) motility (Lehne, 2010) (Although useful in treating hyperactive bowel disorders, anticholinergics cause constipation.)


Produce diarrhea by disrupting the normal bacterial flora in the GI tract (An increase in the use of fluoroquinolones in recent years has provided a selective advantage for the epidemic of Clostridium difficile)

Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs

Cause GI irritation that increases the incidence of bleeding with serious consequences to older adults; rectal bleeding is often observed with GI irritation


Prostaglandin inhibitor; interferes with the formation and production of protective mucus and causes GI bleeding

Histamine2 (H2) antagonists

Suppress the secretion of hydrochloric acid and interfere with the digestion of some foods


Causes discoloration of the stool (black), nausea, vomiting, constipation (diarrhea is less commonly reported), and abdominal cramps

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording