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World Geography (AP) Fall Final Vocabulary
Terms in this set (142)
Election of Canada's Prime Minister
Has a preliminary government. The prime minister, who is Steve Harper, is elected by the people.
First Europeans in the New World:
The Spanish arrived first and explored the South West and South East for gold and treasure.
political unit found in Canada
an Arctic territory in northern Canada created in 1999 and governed solely by the Inuit
a person of mixed french-canadian and native american ancestry
core provinces (why)
Quebec and Ontario; greatest population and land mass
eastern Canada: Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland
private individuals own most of the resources, technology etc.
st. Lawrence sea way
north Americas most important deep water ship route, connects the great lakes to the atlantic ocean
extend 3,000 from Alaska to new mexico, major mountain system in U.S. & Canada
Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta
location,place,movement,human enviroment interaction, region
A region is a group of places that a have a common characteristic.
the process by which a person from one culture adopts the traits of another culture, the cultural change that occurs when individuals in a society accept or adopt an innovation
A biome is a regional ecosystem
The number of live births per total population, often expressed per thousand population
central business district
The core of city, which is almost always based on commercial activity
A system in which the government holds nearly all the political power and means of production.
the spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns of behavior to different societies
This involves the collection and manipulation of information. Like making new technology, provide info, management and research services by highly trained persons
Very cold winters, cold summers, and little rain or snow
The average number of children a woman of childbearing years would have in her lifetime, if she had children at the current rate for her country
The study of the distribution and interaction of physical and human characteristics on earth.
Gross National Product (GNP)
The total value of all goods and services produced by a country in a period of time.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
The value of only goods and services produce within a country in a period of time
The layer of gases released by the burning of coal and petroleum that traps solar energy, causing global temps to increase
The number of deaths among infants under the age of one, as measured per 1000 lives
The basic support systems needed to keep an economy going , including power, communications, transportation, water, sanitation, and education systems
Factors that determine climate:
latitude, air masses, mountain barriers, ocean currents (hot or cold) precipitation, storm track
the number of deaths per thousand population
A group of people with a common culture living in a territory and having a strong sense of unity.
The name of a territory when a nation and a state occupy the same territory.
A political term describing an independent unit that occupies a specific territory and has full control of its external and internal affairs.
the theory that the Earth's lithosphere is divided into tectonic plates that move around on top of the asthenosphere
the edge of a tectonic plate
A forest region located in the Tropical Zone with a heavy concentration of different species of broadleaf trees
A way to measure information collected my seismographs to determine the relative strength of an earthquake
ring of fire
The chain of volcanoes that lines the Pacific Rim
A device that measures the size of waves created by an earthquake
An underdeveloped economy in which communities use primitive tools and methods to harvest and hunt for food, often resulting in little economic growth.
A type of economic system in which production of goods and services is determines by a central government, which usually owns the means of production.
A type of economic system in which the production of goods and services is determined by the demand of the people.(demand economy, capitalism)
A land bridge thought to have connected, what is now Siberia and Alaska
Canada has a parliamentary government, like the United Kingdom. This is a system in which the legislative and executive functions are combines in a legislature called the parliament.
Dominion of Canada
Established in 1876 by the British to unite upper Canada (ON), Lower Canada (QB) and the Atlantic coast (NS and NB). It created a loose confederation in which Canada had self rule but was still part of the British empire
Series of satellites that orbit the earth to pick up geographic data
Broad, grassy plains would most likely be found here
The water in the Eastern Pacific Ocean is cooler than usual-opposite from El Nino
The way Earth's rotation makes winds in the Northern Hemisphere curve to the right and winds in the Southern Hemisphere curve to the left.
A body of rock or sediment that stores groundwater and allows the flow of groundwater.
A gently sloping, shallow area of the ocean floor that extends outward from the edge of a continent
A center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward.
A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
the changing of landforms by slowly moving glaciers
global grid lines
Arctic circle, tropical of Capricorn, tropical of cancer, equator
Sections of the Earth divided by the Equator and Prime Meridian (Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western)
An imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator
imaginary lines going from north to south
A government ruled by a king or queen
Ground that is permanently frozen
a factor that causes people to leave their homelands and migrate to another region
a factor that draws or attracts people to another location
rate of natural increase
birth rate - mortality rate= ___________
Sections of the Earth's crust that move due to convection currents.
An imaginary line that runs north and south along the highest points of the Rocky Mountains. Rivers flow west or east from this line.
America's "breadbasket," fertile soil of the region makes it possible for farmers to grow lots of wheat, oats and corn
What is the longest mountain range in USA/Canada?
a mountain range in the eastern United States extending from Quebec to the Gulf of Mexico
Poorly planned development that spreads a city's population over a wider and wider geographic area.
A community where residents can live and work in harmony with the environment
Amazon Rain Forest
a large tropical rain forest occupying the Amazon Basin in northern South America
a military dictator or political boss. ex) juan peron in argentina
Agreement in which a certain amount of foreign debt is canceled in exchange for local currency investments that will improve natural resource management or protect certain areas in the debtor country from harmful development.
Destruction or loss of forests
An increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosphere (especially a sustained increase that causes climatic changes)
Group of islands that includes Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, and Puerto Rico
Ancient civilization (1200-1500AD) that was located in the Andes in Peru
Ancient civilization (1200-1521AD) that was located in what is present-day Mexico City
An advanced civilization originating on present day southern Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula
Income difference between rich and poor
A group of military officers who rule a country after seizing power
a redistribution of agricultural land (especially by government action)
Large grasslands in Venezuela/Colombia
A factory in Mexico that assembles imported materials into finished goods for export
A trade agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico that encourages free trade between these North American countries.
A government ruled by a few powerful people
A grasslands region in Argentina and Uruguay
slash and burn
A farming method involving the cutting of trees, then burning them to provide ash-enriched soil for the planting of crops
a farming system that is in the form of steps going up a mountain
Aztec capital city
Treaty of Tordesillas
A 1494 agreement between Portugal and Spain, declaring that newly discovered lands to the west of an imaginary line in the Atlantic Ocean would belong to Spain and newly discovered lands to the east of the line would belong to Portugal.
United Provinces of Central America
the name of Central America after the region declared independence from Mexico in 1823
A mindset that people of Jewish heritage were inferior to other races
A city-state of ancient Greece that was first to have a democracy; also known as the birthplace of Western civilization; the ancient capital of present-day Greece.
Breaking up of an area into smaller (and often hostile) units
Belgium, The Netherlands, and Luxembourg
formerly the United Kingdom and all the territories under its control
Also called the Black Death was a deadly disease that spread through Europe and killed one out of every three people
Different sections of land owned by the same country but ruled by different rulers
A group of countries that acts as a single market, without trade barriers between member countries.
A series of holy wars from 1096-1270 AD undertaken by European Christians to free the Holy Land from Muslim rule.
A place where various cultures cross paths
European Environmental Agency
provides the EU with reliable information about the environment
..., the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
Land of the Midnight Sun
the uplands of France, which account for about 1/6 of French lands
Oil in Europe
Under Northern Sea
(1299-1923) A nomadic group of Turkish people from Central Asia who emerged as the rulers of the Islamic world in the 13th century. They conquered Constantinople in 1453.
Peninsula of Peninsulas
A religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
A functional region is a place connected through , is organized around a set of interactions & connections between places
A perceptual region is an area which people perceive the characteristics of the region the same way.
Formal regions are paces with similar attributes, defined by a limited number of related characteristics
the exact place on earth where a geographic feature, such as a city is found
describes a place in comparison to other places around it
what is it like? includes the physical features and cultural characteristics
how do people, goods, & ideas move from one location to another? ways people, goods, & ideas from place to place
how far across the earth a person or a product travels
the amount of time it takes a person, idea or product to travel
refers to the way people use distance
human environment interaction (hei)
how do people relate to the physical world? the relationship between humans and their environment
Yukon territory, British Columbia, Northwest Territories , Nunavut
involve gathering raw materials such as timber for immediate use or to use in the making for a final product
involve adding to materials by changing their form, car manufactories
an area drained nu a major river and its tributaries
weather pattern created by the warming of the waters of the west coast of south america
associated with mountain areas, orographic storms drop more rain on the windward side of a mountain and create a rainshadow on the leeward side
mid latitude frontal storms feature cold dense air masses that push lighter warm air masses upward causing precipitation to form
typical of hot climates, convection occurs after morning sunshine heats warm moist air, clouds form in the afternoon and rain forms
a graphic device that shows gender and age distribution of a population
title, orientation, date, author, legend, scale, index & source
Average weather of a particular area over a long period of time.
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place.
the movement of plants. animals, & diseases between the eastern & western hemisphere during the age of exploration
a product or good that is sold from one economy to another
to bring in goods from another country
to come to a country of which one is not native, usually for permanent residence
Pennsylvania, new York, Vermont, maine, new Hampshire, Massachusetts, rhode island, Connecticut, new jersey, Delaware
west Virginia, Virginia, district Columba, Maryland, north Carolina, south Carolina, Georgia, flordia, kentucky
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