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Terms in this set (41)
the branch of science concerned with the bodily structure of humans, animals, and other living organisms, esp. as revealed by dissection and the separation of parts.
he branch of biology that deals with the normal functions of living organisms and their parts.
the science of the causes and effects of diseases, esp. the branch of medicine that deals with the laboratory examination of samples of body tissue for diagnostic or forensic purposes.
4 main groups of tissue
the tendency toward a relatively stable equilibrium between interdependent elements, esp. as maintained by physiological processes.
a condition characterized by an excess of watery fluid collecting in the cavities or tissues of the body.
muscle cell: an elongated contractile cell that forms the muscles of the body
a thin sheath of fibrous tissue enclosing a muscle or other organ.
a flexible but inelastic cord of strong fibrous collagen tissue attaching a muscle to a bone.
a short band of tough, flexible, fibrous connective tissue that connects two bones or cartilages or holds together a joint.
a disease caused by a deficiency of vitamin C, characterized by swollen bleeding gums and the opening of previously healed wounds, which particularly affected poorly nourished sailors until the end of the 18th century.
painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints
inflammation of a bursa, typically one in the knee, elbow or shoulder.
inflammation of bone or bone marrow, usually due to infection
a medical condition in which the bones become brittle and fragile from loss of tissue, typically as a result of hormonal changes, or deficiency of calcium or vitamin D.
a disease of children caused by vitamin D deficiency, characterized by imperfect calcification, softening, and distortion of the bones typically resulting in bow legs
a congenital defect of the spine in which part of the spinal cord and its meninges are exposed through a gap in the backbone.
By the broadest definition, a body cavity is any fluid-filled space in a multicellular organism, other than those of vessels
the study of the mechanics of body movements.
away from body
by the body
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