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211 terms

Common Medical Abbreviations

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ABC
Airway, Breathing, Circulation
abd
Abdomen
ABG
Arterial Blood Gas
ABO
System of classifying blood groups.
ac
Before meals.
ACE
Angiotensin-converting enzyme
ACS
Acute Compartment Syndrome
ACTH
Adrenocorticotrophic Hormone
ad lib
Freely, as desired
ADH
Antidiuretic Hormone
ADL
Activities of Daily Living
AFP
Alpha-fetoprotein
AIDS
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
AKA
Above the Knee Amputation
ALL
Acute Lymphocytic Anemia
ALP
Alkaline Phosphatase
ALS
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
ALT
Alkaline Phosphatase (SGPT)
AMI
Antibody Mediated Immunity
AML
Acute Myelogenous Leukemia
amt.
Amount
ANA
Antinuclear Antibody
ANS
Autonomic Nervous System
AP
Anteroposterior
A&P
Anterior and Posterior
APC
Atrial Premature Contraction
aq.
Water
ARDS
Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome
ASD
Atrial Septal Defect
ASHD
Atherosclerotic Heart Disease
AST
Aspartate Aminotransferase (SGOT)
ATP
Adenosine Triphosphate
AV
Atrioventricular
BCG
Bacille Calmette-Guerin
bid
Two times a day
BKA
Below-the-Knee Amputation
BLS
Basic Life Support
BMR
Basal Metabolic Rate
BP
Blood Pressure
BPH
Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy
bpm
Beats per Minute
BPR
Bathroom Privileges
BSA
Body Surface Area
BUN
Blood Urea Nitrogen
C
Centigrade, Celsius
c
with
Ca
Calcium
CA
Cancer
CABG
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
CAD
Coronary Artery Disease
CAL
Chronic Airflow Limitations
CAPD
Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis
caps
Capsules
CBC
Complete Blood Count
CC
Chief Complaint
cc
Cubic Centimeter
CCU
Coronary Care Unit, Critical Care Unit
CDC
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CHF
Congestive Heart Failure
CK
Creatine Kinase
Cl
Chloride
CLL
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
cm
Centimeter
CMV
Cytomegalovirus
CNS
Central Nervous System
CO
Carbon monoxide, Cardiac Output
CO2
Carbon Dioxide
comp
Compound
cont
Continuous
COPD
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
CP
Cerebral Palsy
CPAP
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
CPK
Creatine Phosphokinase
CPR
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
CRP
C-reactive Protein
C&S
Culture and Sensitivity
CSF
Cerebral Spinal Fluid
CT
Computerized Tomography
CTD
Connective Tissue Disease
CTS
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
cu
Cubic
CVA
Cerebral Vascular Accident, Costovertebral Angle
CVC
Central Venous Catheter
CVP
Central Venous Pressure
D&C
Dilation and Curettage
DC
Discontinue
DCBE
Double Contrast Barium Enema
DIC
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
DIFF
Differential Blood Count
dil.
Dilute
DJD
Degenerative Joint Disease
DKA
Diabetic Ketoacidosis
dl, dL
Deciliter (100 ml)
DM
Diabetes Mellitus
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid
DNR
Do Not Resuscitate
DOE
Dyspnea On Exertion
DPT
Vaccine for diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus
Dr.
Doctor
DRE
Digital Rectal Exam
DVT
Deep Venous Thrombosis
D/W
Dextrose and Water
Dx
Diagnosis
ECF
Extracellular Fluid
ECG, EKG
Electrocardiogram
ECT
Electroconvulsive Therapy
ED
Emergency Department
EEG
Electroencephalogram
ENT
Ear, Nose, and Throat
ESR
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
ESRD
End Stage Renal Disease
ET
Endotracheal Tube
F
Fahrenheit
FBD
Fibrocystic Breast Disease
FBS
Fasting Blood Sugar
FDA
U.S Food and Drug Administration
FFP
Fresh Frozen Plasma
FHR
Fetal Heart Rate
FHT
Fetal Heart Tone
fl
fluid
FOBT
Fecal Occult Blood Test
4x4
Piece of gauze 4 in by 4 in; used in dressings
FSH
Follicle Stimulating Hormone
ft.
Foot, feet (unit of measure)
FUO
Fever of Undetermined Origin
g
Gram
GB
Gallbladder
GCS
Glasgow Coma Scale
GFR
Glomerular Filtration Rate
GH
Growth Hormone
GI
Gastrointestinal
gr
Grain
gtt
Drops
GU
Genitourinary
GYN
Gynecological
h, hrs
Hours
Hb, Hgb
Hemoglobin
HCG
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin
HCO3
Bicarbonate
Hct
Hematocrit
HD
Hemodialysis
HDL
High-density Lipoprotein
HGH
Human Growth Hormone
HHNK
Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Nonketotic Coma
HIV
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
HSV
Herpes Simplex Virus
Hx
History
IBS
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
ICP
Intracranial Pressure
ICS
Intercostal Space
ICU
Intensive Care Unit
I&D
Incision and Drainage
IDDM
Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
I&O
Intake and Output
IOP
Increased Intraocular Pressure
IUD
Intrauterine Device
IV
Intravenous
IVC
Intraventricular Catheter
KO, KVO
Keep Vein Open
KS
Kaposi's Sarcoma
KUB
Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder
L, l
Liter
LBBB
Left Bundle Branch Block
LDL
Low-density Lipoprotein
LE
Lupus Erythematous
LH
Luteinizing Hormone
liq
Liquid
LLQ
Left Lower Quadrant
LOC
Level of Consciousness
LP
Lumbar Puncture
LTC
Long Term Care
LUQ
Left Upper Quadrant
LV
Let Ventricle
MAO
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibiter
mcg
Microgram
MD
Muscular dystrophy, medical doctor
MI
Myocardial Infarction
MRI
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
MS
Multiple Sclerosis
NaCl
Sodium Chloride
NG
Nasogastric
NGT
Nasogastric tube
noc
at night
NPO
nothing by mouth (nil per os)
NS
Normal Saline
NSAID
Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug
NST
Non-stress Test
OCT
Oxytocin Challenge Test
OOB
Out of Bed
OPC
Outpatient Clinic
OR
Operating Room
os
by mouth
OSHA
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
OTC
Over-the-Counter (drugs w/o a prescription)
oz.
ounce
p
with
P
Pulse
PA Chest
Posterior-anterior chest XR
PAC
Premature Atrial Complexes
PaCO2
Partial Pressure of Carbon Dioxide in arterial drug
PAD
Peripheral Artery Disease
Pap
Papanicolaou smear
pc
After meals
PCA
Patient-Controlled Analgesia
pCO2
Partial Pressure of Carbon Dioxide
PD
Peritoneal Dialysis
PE
Pulmonary Embolism
PEEP
Positive Expiratory Pressure
PERRLA
Pupils equal, round, react to light and accommodation.
PET
Postural Emission Tomography
PFT
Pulmonary Function Test