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19 terms

Plant and Animal Cell FUNCTION/STRUCTURE

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cell membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm
plant and animal cells have these basic cell parts, it allows some things in, but keeps harmful things out
What is the structure of the cell wall? (plant)
Structure: rigid layer of non-living material, made mostly of cellulose,water and oxygen can pass through it
What is the structure of the chloroplast? (plant)
Structure: large, green structure floating in the cytoplasm.
What is the structure of the vacuoles? (both)
(plant cells have 1 large one, animal cells have several small) Structure: large, bean shaped, water filled sac
What is the structure of the cytoplasm? (both)
Structure: clear, jelly-like fluid that fills the space in a cell, it is mostly water with other substances
What is the structure of the nucleus? (both)
Structure: large round, most obvious when looking at it
What is the structure of the mitochondria? (both)
Structure: rod shaped organelles
What is the function of the endoplasmic reticulum? (both)
Function: makes proteins, functions to transport proteins throughout the cell (known as ER)
What is the structure of the golgi body? (both)
Structure: stacks of flattened sacs and tubes
What is the function of the cell membrane? (both)
Function: controls which substances come in and out of the cell, it acts like a gatekeeper
What is the structure of the cell membrane? (both)
Structure: outer boundary that separates the cell from it's environment
What is the structure of the endoplasmic? (both)
Structure: appears as a maze of passageways of folded sacs/tubes, can be rough or smooth
What is the function of the golgi body? (both)
receives proteins and other materials from the ER, package and distribute them to the cell membrane.
What is the function of the mitochondria? (both)
Function: convert food into energy, the powerhouse of the cell.
What is the function of the nucleus? (both)
Function: home to the cell's chromosomes which contains the DNA, it directs the cells activities
What is the function of the cytoplasm? (both)
Function: where organelles exist, contains proteins that control cell metabolism
What is the function of the vacuoles?
Function: temporarily stores water, waste, food, that cells cannot use right away.
What is the function of the cell wall? (plant)
Function: provides structure and support for plant cells, gives them their boxlike shape
What is the function of the chloroplast? (plant)
Function: it captures energy so photosynthesis can occur