37 terms

Plant and Animal Cell FUNCTION/STRUCTURE

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cell membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm
plant and animal cells have these basic cell parts, it allows some things in, but keeps harmful things out
What is the structure of the cell wall? (plant)
Structure: rigid layer of non-living material, made mostly of cellulose,water and oxygen can pass through it
What is the structure of the chloroplast? (plant)
Structure: large, green structure floating in the cytoplasm.
What is the structure of the vacuoles? (both)
Structure: (plant cells have 1 large one, animal cells have several small) Structure: large, bean shaped, water filled sac
What is the structure of the cytoplasm? (both)
Structure: clear, jelly-like fluid that fills the space in a cell, it is mostly water with other substances, contains organelles
What is the structure of the nucleus? (both)
Structure: large round, most obvious when looking at it
What is the structure of the mitochondria? (both)
Structure: rod shaped organelles
What is the function of the endoplasmic reticulum? (both)
Function: carries proteins and other materials to and from different parts of the call and can store them,
What is the structure of the golgi body? (both)
Structure: stacks of flattened sacs and tubes
What is the function of the cell membrane? (both)
Function: controls which substances come in and out of the cell, it acts like a gatekeeper
What is the structure of the cell membrane? (both)
Structure: outer boundary that separates the cell from its environment
What is the structure of the endoplasmic? (both)
Structure: appears as a maze of passageways of folded sacs/tubes, can be rough or smooth
What is the function of the golgi body? (both)
Function: receives proteins and other materials from the ER, packages and distribute them to the cell membrane.
What is the function of the mitochondria? (both)
Function: convert food into energy, the powerhouse of the cell.
What is the function of the nucleus? (both)
Function: control center of the cell, directs all the cell's activities
What is the function of the cytoplasm? (both)
Function: allows for protection and movement of organelles throughout the cell
What is the function of the vacuoles?
Function: stores water, waste and other materials including waste products.
What is the function of the cell wall? (plant)
Function: provides structure and support for plant cells, gives them their boxlike shape
What is the function of the chloroplast? (plant)
Function: it captures energy from sunlight and use it to produce food for cell
abiotic
non-living ( i.e.: light, water)
biotic
living (i.e. boy, girl, snake)
structure
Tells what the organelle looks like
function
Tells what the job of the organelle is
prokaryotic
an organism that does not have a true nucleous (i.e. Bacteria)
eukaryotic
a living organism made up of cells with a true nucleus (i.e. mouse, man)
bacteria
unicellular (one cell) organism that lacks a defined nucleus
What is the function of lysosomes?
Function: contain chemicals that break down food particles and worn out cell parts
What is the structure of lysosomes? (animal cell)
Structure: small, oval shape
What is the structure of ribosomes? (both)
Structure: small and grainlike, sometimes attached to the endoplasmic reticulum or they may float in the cytoplasm.
What is the function of ribosomes? (both)
Function: factories that produce proteins
What is the structure of the chromatin?
Structure: thin strands floating directly ahead in the nucleus
What is the function of the chromatin?
Function:determines cell type, contains instructions for directing the cells function
What does cell theory state?
1. All living things are made up of cells
2. Cells are the basic unit of structure and function in living things
3. All cells are produced from other cells
Who found the first microscope?
Robert Hooke
Who were the scientists responsible for cell theory?
Schleiden, Schwann, and Virchow
What should you use to carry a microscope?
the base and the arm
When the lens of a compound microscope lens changes from low to high, what happens to the diameter in the field of view?
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