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51 terms

Medical Terminology

Genitourinary terminology
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urethroscopy
endoscopy of the urethra
culture & sensitivity
C & S - test that determines the causative organism of a disease and how it responds to various antibiotics
urinalysis
tests performed on a urine specimen
cystography
radiographic examination of the urinary bladder
hemodialysis
method of removing waste substances from the blood
circumcision
removal of all or part of the foreskin
nephropexy
fixation of a floating or mobile kidney
orchidectomy
Removal of one or both testes; also called orchiectomy
urethroectomy
excision of a urethral stricture
vasectomy
surgical procedure that removes all or part of the vas deferens (usually as a means of sterilization)
frequency
urinating in frequent intervals
hesitancy
involuntary delay in initiating urination
hydronephrosis
dilation of the renal pelvis and calices of one or both kidneys resulting from the obstruction of the flow of urine.
nocturia
Excessive or frequent urination after going to bed
oliguria
diminished capacity to form and pass urine.
urgency
feeling the need to urinate immediately
anorchidism
congenital absence of one or both testes
hydrocele
accumulation of serous fluid in a saclike cavity, especially the testes and associated structures
digital rectal examination
Screening test that assesses the rectal wall surface for lesions or abnormally firm areas that might indicate cancer.
cystoscopy
Visual (endoscopic) examination of the urinary bladder.
nephroscopy
viewing the kidney with an endoscope
pyelonephritis
kidney infection, complicated urinary tract infection
nephrolithiasis
kidney stones
benign prostatic hyperplasia
enlargement of the prostate gland' seen in older men. causes urinary obstruction (BPH)
cryptorchidism
failure of testes to descend into the scrotal sac before birth
CA of prostate
Most common form of cancer in men, most common in african americans, by age 50- 1 in 4 men have cancerous cells in prostate, by 80- 1 in 2
anuria
absence of urine production or urinary output
chronic renal failure
Renal failure that occurs over a period of years, in which the kidneys lose their ability to maintain volume and composition of body fluids with normal dietary intake
dysuria
painful or difficult urination
enuresis
involuntary discharge of urine; also called incontinence
electrolytes
mineral salts (sodium, potassium and calcium) that carry an electric charge in solution.
peritoneum
serous membrane that lines the abdominopelvic cavity and covers most of the organs within the cavity
cyst/o - vesic/o
bladder
lith/o
stone, calculus
meat/o
opening, meatus
nephr/o, ren/o
kidney
pyel/o
renal pelvis
ur/o
urine, urinary tract
ureter/o
ureter
urethr/o
urethra
andr/o
male
spermat/o, sperm/o
spermatozoa, sperm cells
vas/o
vas deferens, vessel or duct
albumin/o
albumin, protein
bacteri/o
bacterium, bacteria
crypt/o
hidden
kal/i
potassium
transurethral
Pertaining to across (through) the urethra. A TURP is a transurethral resection of the prostate by surgery through the urethra.
antispasmodics
Decrease spasms in the urethra and bladder
Trade name drug - Ditropan
diuretics
promote and increase the excretion of urin
Trade name drug - Lasix & Aldactone
potassium supplements
replace potassium due to depletion caused by diuretics
Trade name drugs - K-Tab, Kaon CI