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37 terms

apes chapter 6 vocab

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population
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and live in the same area
exponential growth model
a mathematical description of idealized, unregulated population growth
resource partitioning
The division of environmental resources by coexisting species such that the niche of each species differs by one or more significant factors from the niches of all coexisting species
community
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predation
An interaction in which one organism captures and feeds on another organism
population ecology
The study of populations in relation to the environment, including environmental influences on population density and distribution, age structure, and variations in population size.
logistic growth model
A growth model that describes a population whose growth is initially exponential, but slows as the population approaches the carrying capacity of the environment.
pathogens
Microbes that cause disease
population size
The number of individuals in a population
mutualism
A relationship between two species in which both species benefit
population density
Number of individuals per unit area
overshoot
The extent to which a population exceeds the carrying capacity of its environment
commensalism
A relationship between two organisms of different species where one benefits and the other is neither harmed nor benefited
population distribution
how population is spread out in an area
die-off
A rapid decline in a population due to death.
symbiotic
Mutualism
sex ratio
The number of males per 100 females in the population.
k-selected species
Species that produce a few, often fairly large offspring but invest a great deal of time and energy to ensure that most of those offspring reach reproductive age.
keystone species
A species that influences the survival of many other species in an ecosystem
age structure
Percentage of the population (or number of people of each sex) at each age level in a population.
r-selected species
Species that reproduce early in their life span and produce large numbers of usually small and short-lived offspring in a short period.
survivorship
Graph showing the number of survivors in different age groups for a particular species.
ecosystem engineers
an organism that causes changes in the physical environment sufficient to influence the structure of landscapes, ecosystems, or communities.
limiting resources
a short supply of resources restricting the growth of a population
corridors
A strip of natural habitat that connects two adjacent nature preserves to allow migration of organisms from one place to another
ecological succession
(ecology) the gradual and orderly process of change in an ecosystem brought about by the progressive replacement of one community by another until a stable climax is established
carrying capacity
Largest number of individuals of a population that a environment can support
metapopulation
A collection of populations that have regular or intermittent gene flow between geographically separate units
primary succession
An ecological succession that begins in an area where no biotic community previously existed
community ecology
The study of how interactions between species affect community structure and organization
secondary succession
Succession following a disturbance that destroys a community without destroying the soil
growth rate
Is the percentage increase or decrease of GDP from the previous measurement cycle. It is annualized so it can be compared to the previous year.
competition
THE PRACTICE OF TRYING TO OBTAIN SOMETHING THAT IS BEING SOUGHT BY OTHERS UNDER SIMILAR CIRCUMSTANCES AT THE SAME TIME.
pioneer species
First species to populate an area during primary succession
intrinsic growth rate
the maximum potential for growth of a population under ideal conditions with unlimited resources
competitive exclusion principle
Ecological rule that states that no two species can occupy the same exact niche in the same habitat at the same time
theory of island bio geography
attempted to predict the number of species that would exist on a newly created island determined by emigration immigration and extinction