29 terms

AP Latin Figurative Language

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Anaphora
the repetition of the same word
Anastrophe
word not in the right place
Asyndeton
omission of conjunctions
Apostrophe
address to someone or something not present; vocative case
Chiasmus
ABBA word order
Enjambment
delay of the final word or phrase of a sentence to the beginning of the following line
Hendiadys
large scale to smaller scale—Italy to Tiber, etc.
Hyperbaton
words that naturally belong to one another are separated for emphasis or effect
Hyperbole
exaggeration, emphatic overstatement
Hysteron proteron
when an event is reversed—ex. "I put my shoes & socks on"
Litotes
deliberate understatement
Metaphor
a comparison in which one thing is said to be another
Metonymy
one word closely related to another used to suggest the other word, ex. The Crown had absolute power in the Middle Ages
Onomatopoeia
the use of words to imitate the sounds they describe
Personification
giving human qualities to animals or objects
Polysyndeton
use of several conjunctions in close succession, especially where some may be excessive—ex. "et"s and "que"s
Simile
figure of speech involving a comparison between unlike things using like, as, or as though
Synchesis
ABAB word order
Syncope
the omission of sounds or letters from a word; noun is always genitive, and verb is perfect—v,s,u,x before the -ere
Synecdoche
supposed to stand for something bigger
Tmesis
Separation of one word into two parts (in Latin this is always the separation of a compound word)
Transferred Epithet
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Pleonasm
unnecessary words to convey something already understood; using "voce" before speaking
Ellipsis
when word is missing "est"
Aposiopesis
a break in speech; side note
Polyptoton
same word, in different forms
Synizesis
when you change a vowel from long to short (usually i to e)
Zeugma
a word serves for two different purposes
Juxtaposition
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