Chapter 8 - African Civilizations 1500 B.C. - 700 A.D.
largest desert in northern Africa
largest desert in southern Africa
religion in which spirits play an important role in regulating daily life. Animists believe that spirits are present in animals, plants, natural forces and also take the form of the souls of their ancestors.
Storytellers from West Africa who kept history alive by sharing orally the history and literature of a culture (as few African societies had written language).
West Africa's earliest known culture that lived in present day Nigeria between 500 B.C. and 700 A.D.
Djenne-Djeno (jeh-nay jeh-noh)
Oldest known city south of the Sahara Desert that was abandoned sometime after 1400 A.D.
Southern edge of the Sahara Desert
Permanent move from one country or region to another.
Causes of migration
Human desire for change, environmental, economic, political.
Push Pull Factors
When looking at migration, these are the reasons that can either push people out of an area or pull them into an area.
Africans who moved southward from first few centuries A.D. and continued over 1,500 years. They spread their language and culture. Bantu-speaking people were not one people, but a group of people who shared certain cultural characteristics.
A powerful kingdom that arose and conquered Kush. Was a major trade center on the Indian Ocean trade routes.