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gov exam 2
Terms in this set (99)
Every right has
the 14th amendment
slowly incorporated the bill of rights and applied it to the states
in 1973, the right to privacy led to one of the most controversial court decisions ever, in the case of
Roe v. Wade
In a blockbuster case the Supreme Court ruled that New York's practice of starting the school day with a prayer violated the
pick the correct match of test with right:
sherbert or balancing test; free exersise of religion
according to the textbook, the Supreme Court gives the First Amendment (Freedom of speech, religion, press, and assembly, and the right to petition government) a "preferred position" among all the amendments to the constitution because
democracy requires a vigorous debate
when Clarence Brandenberg burned his cross, he engaged in a form of speech known as
When the Nixon administration went to court to block the New York Times from publishing the Pentagon Papers, it was abusing
the prrincipal of prior restraint
subjected to the Miller Test
Justice Scalia explained the Second Amendment has two parts: a preface about militias and
the right to bear arms
individuals cannot be tried for the same offense due to
the Miranda warnings have become "part of national culture" because
every TV cop show ends with the miranda warnings
Critics of the Patriot Act charge, most importantly, that the US is now so focused on fighting terrorists that it is
trampling on the constitution
imposing restrictions, such as the Patriot Act, means ____ rights
the NSA contractor who revealed the surveillance of the US gov is
the freedom to participate in the full life of the community- to vote, use public facilities, and exercise equal economic opportunity- is called
what is the legal category that requires governments to have a compelling interest in any legislation that singles out race or ethnicity?
State governments of the 1890's ___ the fifteenth amendment right to vote
franklin Roosevelt signed an executive order barring racial discrimination by
the supreme court ruled in 1954 that segregated educational facilities were
what was the landmark supreme court decision holding that black men could not be citizens under the constitution of the US?
dred scott v. sandford
"equal protection of the laws" is the landmark phrase in the ______ Amendment that requires equal treatment for all citizens
what supreme court case in 1896 permitted racial segregation
plessy v. ferguson
what is the term for more subtle forms of discrimination that exist without a legal basis?
de facto discrimination
what is the name of the civil rights organization formed in 1906 and dedicated to racial equality?
what landmark legislation forbade discrimination on the basis of race, sex, religion or national origin?
civil rights act of 1964
equality of opportunity is giving each person
equal chance at success
what term is used when policies have the effect of discriminating, even if discrimination is not consciously intended?
which of the following could a woman do in 1901?
none of the above
which of the following is true, related to a recent class action lawsuit brought against Wal-Mart?
the court turned the suit down
latinos fought school segregation ___ the brown v. board of education decision
when Hispanic men and women are very likely to be singled out and harassed by the police, it is called
Asian Americans today have the image of a "model minority" because Asian Americans
are percieved as a hardworking group that makes its own way without any demands for rights or privilages
the fastest growing minority group is
league of united latin American citizens (LULAC) fought segregation through which medium?
what special status grants local sovereignty to tribal nations but does not grant them full sovereignty equivalent to independent nations?
domestic dependent nation
what is the obscure provision in an obscure rehabilitation act that requires all institutions receiving federal funds to accommodate people with disabilities?
which of the following did not precipitate a national crisis over slavery?
the lack of a slave workforce
which of the following is a focusing event
world war 2
the most reliable predictor of public opinion has become
women are more likely to vote
individuals with the most ___ yield the greatest influence
when elites try to shape the public view, they are _____ the issue
why did the literary digest poll fail in 1936
a candidate who has led all the polls and yet performs poorly on election may be experiencing the
Framing effects play directly on respondents'
Factors contributing to response bias include all EXCEPT
the margin of sampling error
Which of the following is NOT one of the five tips on reading polls?
The predetermined sample is the gold standard
A representative survey should include demographic groups in proportion to
their presence in the city's population.
The way a question is asked can influence the
A good survey includes an equal proportion between demographic groups and the
Lippmann believed that governing decisions were best left to who?
well trained professionals
In The Wisdom of Crowds James Surowiecki suggests that
crowds taken together add up to a rational public
Alexis de Tocqueville was impressed with the way Americans' _____.
The most reliable route to political activity is
face to face contact
A key to political participation is to live in a _____ community.
A person who has family members who vote are _____ to vote.
A wealthy, college educated, 55-year-old male is _____ to vote than a lower class, high school dropout, 20-year-old male.
A woman who has friends who are politically active, including voting, is _____ to vote.
The more education a person has, the _____ the voting level.
The generation most willing to endorse government are the
todays media allows
more voices to be heard
Political searches on mobile devices are
The change in media has _____ impact on political culture.
New information has what effect on people with strongly held opinions?
reinforce existing opinion
News items can impact
people who have not yet made up their minds
Politicians often complain about the media, but _____ fought back, according to your text.
Media focus of an issue causes a _____ in public perception.
The way media covers an issue is also known as
New media, such as Facebook, lacks _____ to decide which issues receive priority coverage.
Reading news online allows the _____ to choose relevant material.
The first president to give live press conferences was
john f. kennedy
_____ turns all citizens into potential news providers.
Studies find little _____ in the media.
The primary political rule governing print media is
the first amendment
The airwaves belong to the
The Fairness Doctrine was repealed in
Authoritarian regimes have difficulty controlling _____ media.
Who fixes primary dates?
How much can a Super PAC contribute to a candidate per election cycle?
Which of the following is NOT true about 527 groups?
They are allowed to coordinate their efforts with any candidate or campaign.
527 groups advocate for
A group who runs commercials for saving birds and mentions that a specific candidate does not like birds is a ____ group.
The details of voting is the jurisdiction of the
In the 2016 Republican primary the strongest candidates were
Multiple states hold primaries and caucuses on the day known as
What is the process by which political parties select candidates to run for an office?
The final phase of the presidential campaign is the
What electoral system is used in US general presidential elections as well as in many US presidential primaries and other elections?
What is the term for the allocation of votes or delegates on the basis of the percentage of the vote received?
Americans who vote in primary elections tend to be more
conventional political wisdom holds that candidates run more to the _____ during primaries.
Most Americans pay more attention to
The Congressional paradox is "people despise Congress but _____ their own representatives."
When redrawing district lines if all of the like-minded voters are in one district this is known as
Every two years how many House districts hold an election?
Congressional elections have shifted to be more
Voters today are _____ to reach through traditional advertising.
A primary election is an individual effort to capture the
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