American History Chapter 3 & 4
Terms in this set (72)
One of the founders of the Plymouth colony and beleived writer
A professional military soilder who became the colony chief military advisor
Famous Preacher and Church Elder of the Plymouth Colony.
Diplomat of the colony who negotiated a treaty with Massasoit
elected governor of Plymouth; feared non-Puritan settlers, served 30 years
Another company sent over to the new land because of the success of the Plymouth colony
Leader of the Puritans and the Massachusetts bay Colony
Educated daughter of the popular preacher at the time John Cotton
After being expelled for being a aggressive preacher, he became the founder of Rhode Island
New settlement established by Rodger Williams in modern Day Rhode Island
Clergyman, one of the founders of Hartford. Called "the father of American democracy" because he said that people have a right to choose their magistrates.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
Made in Hartford today, is where Thomas Hooker created the first written Constitution
Would send his "friend/ambassador" to found Maryland under the name Lord Baltimore
Set up a new trade route through the modern day Hudson River near the New Netherlands colonies
First governor of the the New India Company, also famous for the purchase of Manhatten
The governor of the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam, hated by the colonists. They surrendered the colony to the English on Sept. 8, 1664.
Famous for changing the name of the New Netherlands company to New York
Sir George Carteret
One of the other two men along with Lord John Berkeley that had the land of New Jersey given to them
Lord John Berkeley
Allowed religious and political freedom in New Jersey
An English Quaker, founded Pennsylvania in 1682, after receiving a charter from King Charles II the year before. He launched the colony as a "holy experiment" based on religious tolerance.
Great Law of Pennsylvania
Allowed for more religious and political freedoms for Pennsylvania
Military general who was looking to found a colony for Protestants and founded Georgia
A mix of Multiple cultures in one area
New England Colonies
The area that makes up Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island and New Hampshire.has natural harbors and brutal winters. Economy runs off of lumber, fishing, whaling, shipping, building. Major cities are Boston MT, and Providence RI.
Also known as bread colonies Made up of New York, Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania. Has natural harbors and fertile soils. Economy made up of bread, fur, livestock, wheat and shipping. Major cities are New York City and Philadelphia PN
Made up of Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina and Georgia. Rich fertile soil, lacks harbors. Economy was tobacco, rice, grain, indentured servants (slaves). Main cities are Charleston NC and Jamestown VI
Invention designed to lessen the workload of picking cotton
Preacher who traveled throughout the colonies: He said the key test of election (salvation) is an emotional conversion experience
Massive religious event during 18th century that impacted almost all colonists
male head of family
Next man in line to receive all of the inheritance in the family
Congressional pastor in the great awakening, also was an elder of Massachusetts. Most remembered for writing "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"
American intellectual, inventor, and politician He helped to negotiate French support for the American Revolution.
John Peter Zenger
New York publisher who was taken to court for criticizing the governor of New York
Governor of New York who has john peter zenger arrested for libel
Defense attorney in the Zenger case who made the first step toward freedom of the press
John Francis Drake
Known as the "Sea Dog" on If the fist early explorers from England
Another one of the other 2 English explorers sent after columbus
Frances only explorer after Columbus
Sir Humphrey Gilbert
One of the first Englishmen to receive a royal charter
Sir Walter Raleigh
Founded the lost Colony of Roanoke, near modern day North Carolina, carved CROATON into a tree in the island
the first permanent English settlement, founded in 1607 by the Virginia Company for economic reasons
Credited for saving Jamestown from starvation and misquitos
Credited with helping John Smith in the Jamestown Colony
Married Pocahontas and grew Tobacco
Set up by Separatists also known as "Pilgrims", sailed over on the May flower with William Bradford as governor for 30 years.
Native American who helped the English colonists in Massachusetts develop agricultural techniques and served as an interpreter between the colonists and the Wampanoag.
Massachusetts Bay Colony
Puritan colony in New England, was a stock company who was given a royal charter.
Puritan governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony. Speaker of "City upon a hill", which were his actual ambitious ideas.
Founder is Rodger Williams, broke from Church of England as well, main city is Providence
Founded by Thomas Hooker and his followers to escape religious persecution. The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut defined the powers of colonial government and allowed more men to vote than in Massachusetts.
Settled by Colonist who left Massachusetts for economic reasons. First colony to declare independence
Founded by George Calvert, the Lord Baltimore, as a refuge for Roman Catholics facing persecution from Anglican Church.
North and South Carolina
Pioneers from Virginia settled it, was based off John Locke's grand model for democratic, feudal, and aristocrat principals
Established in 1624 by the Dutch by 2 famous explorers Giovanni De Verrazano and Henry Hudson. Peter Minut purchased Manhattan for 60 guilders.
Settled by Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret. Allowed for religious and political freedom
Founded by William Penn as a Quaker colony, also the site of a "Holy Experiment"
Swedish and Dutch settlers who did not want rule by Pennsylvania. Allowed by Penn to break from the Colony
Founded by James Oglethorpe, valuable colonies to the north for "honest and penniless debaters"
Mother, father and children living as a unit
Aunts, Uncles, Grandparents etc.
first college in America; started in 1636
William and Mary
College founded in 2693 in Virginia
1701, new haven, connecticut
1754 was founded
University of Pennsylvania
Also known as Academy of Philadelphia, one of the early colleges in Penn
Was also known as kings college 1754
Poor Richard's Almanac
Benjamin Franklin's highly popular collection of information, parables, and advice
America's first regularly published weekly newspaper
Franklin's Pennsylvania Gazette
Covered news and cultural affairs
A voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies
Atlantic Slave Trade
the buying, transporting, and selling of Africans for work in the Americas