23 terms

Chap 9 Devlopmental theories: Life Course And Latent Trait

Life Course Theories
theories that identify factors affecting the start, duration, nature, and end of criminal behavior over the life of an offender
Latent Trait Theories
theoretical views that criminal behavior is controlled by a master trait, present at birth or soon after, that remains stable and unchanging throughout a person's lifetime
The Glueck Research
long grapvine
Problem Behavior Syndrome
a cluster of antisocial behaviors that may include family dysfunction, substance abuse, smoking, precocious sexuality and early pregnancy, educational underachievement, suicide attempts, sensation seeking, and unemployment, as well as crime
Loeber (pys) pathways to crime
causes and correlates of delinquency
Authority conflict pathway
path to a criminal career that begins with early stubborn behavior and defiance of parents
covert pathway
path to a criminal career that begins with minor under handed behavior and progresses to fire starting and theft
overt pathway
path to a criminal career tha begins with minor aggression, leads to physical fighting and eventually escalates to violent crime
age of onset
the earlier the onset of criminality the more frequent varied and sustained the criminal career
Bacon, Patermoster and brame late bloomers
coined the pharse persisters who stay out of trouble in adolencese until late in teenage yars and then become violent criminals
Adolescent limited offenders
when antisocial behavior peaks in adolescence and then diminishes Terry Moffit
Life course persistent offender
a person whose criminal activity typically begins in early adolescence and continues throughout life; a career criminal
Dual taxonomy
lcp offenders engage in psuedomaturity early sexual and drug activity
Sampson and Laub's Age graded Theory
conducted retrospective qualitative interviews with men and analyzed quantitative data as well books crime in the making and shared beginnings divergent lives
turning points
life events that alter the devlopment of the criminal career
Social captial
postitive life sustaining realtions
stakes in conformity
having something to lose
State dependence
Latent trait disrupts normal soialization
crime and human nature
wilison and hernstein argued that personal traits such as genetic and spychological makeup intelligence and body build outweigh the importance of social varibles as predictors of criminal activity
General theory of crime
according to Gottfredson and Hirschi, a developmental theory that modifies social control theory by integrating concepts from biosocial, psychologica, routine activities and rational choice theories. they consider the criminal offender and the criminal act as separate concepts
self control theory
according to Gottfredson and Hirschi, the view that the cause of delinquent behavior is an impulsive personality. Kids who are impulsive may find that their bond to society is weak
cognitive behavior therapy
best way of changing behavior