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22 terms

Cell Organelles

STUDY
PLAY
cell membrane
regulates movement of materials in and out of cells, maintains cell shape and allows cells to communicate with each other
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
makes or synthesizes lipids, detoxification of drugs/medicines
rough endoplasmic reticulum
has ribosomes associated with it and transports proteins
ribosomes
makes proteins
Golgi
modifies, sorts and packages substances made by the cell and sends them to vacuoles, other organelles or out of the cell
lysosomes
cell organelle filled with enzymes needed to break down certain materials in the cell
vacuoles
store food and water
mitochondria
Powerhouse of the cell, organelle that is the site of ATP (energy) production
chloroplast
organelle in plant cells that converts the energy in sunlight into sugars
centrioles
Located near the nucleus and help to organize cell division
nucleus
the control center of the cell
nucleolus
makes ribosomes
chromosomes
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the genes
cytoplasm
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended
nuclear membrane
double membrane surrounding the nucleus that controls what enters and leaves the nucleus
Organelle
a tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell
Cell theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are the basic units of structure and function in living things, and new cells are produced from existing cells
phospholipid
A type of lipid that makes up the cell membrane.
cytoskeleton
network of protein filaments within some cells that helps the cell maintain its shape and is involved in many forms of cell movement
Prokaryote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell Wall
strong layer around the cell membrane in plants, algae, and some bacteria