French, English, American & Latin American Revolutions

Terms in this set (116)

1799: After overthrowing the French Directory in the Coup of 18 Brumaire in 1799, Napoleon worked to restore stability to post Revolutionary France by instituting several democratic reforms, the most important being the Napoleonic Code, which streamlined the French legal system and continues to form the foundation of French civil law to this day.

1803: After overthrowing the French Directory , implementing the Napoleonic codes, and passing a constitutional amendment makes Napoleon first consul for life, Napoleon sells the Louisiana Purchase to United States President Thomas Jefferson to raise money to begin conquering France's enemies and expand its territory in the hopes of building a future empire.

1804: Two years after he became consul for life, Napoleon declares himself Emperor (and he has money to build it from territory he just sold).

1812: After years of successfully expanding France's empire, Napoleon suffers his first major defeat when he invades Russia and loses 500,000 men as his soldiers starve and freeze to death due to the Russian's adoption of a new strategy of retreating whenever Napoleon's forces attempted to attack.

1808-1814: While the 100,000 out of 600,000 troops that managed to make it out of Russia where still trying to make their way back to France, Napoleon's forces who had invaded the Iberian Peninsula were being pushed out of Portugal, ending the Peninsular War (signaling another demoralizing defeat for Napoleon).

1814: After two major defeats, Napoleon is forced to give up (abdicate) his throne and is exiled to the island of Elba, a Mediterranean island off the coast of Italy.

1815: After escaping the island of Elba, Napoleon returns to France and wages the Hundred Days War.

1815-1821: Napoleon suffers his final defeat when he loses the Battle of Waterloo and is exiled to the island of Saint Helena in the middle of the South Atlantic. He will die here six years later of stomach cancer on May 5, 1821.