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266 terms

Excel Vocab

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abhorrence
a feeling of repugnance or loathing
abstemious
sparingly used or consumed; restricted to bare necessities
abundance
a great or plentiful amount
acerbic
sour or bitter, as in taste, character or tone
acolyte
a devoted follower or attendant
acquaintance
knowledge of a person acquired by a relationshp less intimate than friendship
adamant
impervious to pleas, apeals, or reason; stubbornly unyielding
adept
very skilled; proficient
adhere
to carry out a plan, a scheme, or an operation without deviation
adorning
to lend beauty to; decorate
adroit
dexterous; deft, skillful, and adept under pressing conditions
adventurous
inclined to undertake new and daring enterprises
acon
an indefinitely long period of time ago; an age
aesthetics
an artistically beautiful or pleasing appearance; a conception of what is artistically valid or beautiful
affability
sociability; a readiness to chat
affectation
behavior that is assumed rather than natural; artificiality
agrarianism
a movement for equitable distribution of land and for agrarian reform
aloof
distant physically or emotionally; reserved and remote
altruism
unselfish concern for the welfare of others; selflessness
amalgam
a combination of diverse elements; a mixture
ambitious
full of, characterized by, or motivated by ambition
ambivalent
having opposing attitudes or feelings, such as love and hate, toward a person, an aobject or an idea
ameliorate
to make or become better; improve
amenable
responsive to advice, authority, or suggestion; tractable
anecdote
a short account of an interesting or humorous incident
animus
a feeling of animosity; ill will
anomalies
deviation or departure from the normal or common order, form, or rule
anonymous
having an unknown or withheld authorship or agency
antecedent
one that precedes another
antediluvian
extremely odd and antiquated
anthropology
the scientific study of the origin, the behavior, and the physical, social, and cultural development of human beings
antiseptic
capable of preventing infection by inhibiting the growth of microorganisms
antisocial
hostile to or disruptive of the established social order; marked by or engaging in behavior that violates accepted mores
apathy
indifference
aplomb
self-confident assurance; poise
apoplectic
extremely angry; furious
appalled
to fill with consternation or dismay
approbation
an expression of warm approval; praise
apropros
at an appropriate time; opportunely
arcane
known or understood by only a few
archaic
of, relating to, or characteristic of a much earlier, often more primitive period
ardent
expressing or characterized by warmth of feeling; passionate
arduous
demanding great effort or labor, difficult
articulate
expressing oneself easily in clear and effective language
artifice
an artful or crafty expedient; a stratagem; a subtle but base deception
assiduous
constant in application or attention; diligent
assuage
to satisfy or appease; to pacify or calm
astute
having or showing shrewdness and discernment, especially with respect to one's own concerns
atavism
reversion to an earlier type; the reappearance in an individual of characteristics of some remote ancestor that have been absent in intervening generations
atonality
a lack of tonality
atypical
not conforming to type; unusual or irregular
aura
a distinctive but intangible quality that seems to surround a person or thing; atmosphere
auspicious
attended by favorable circumstances; propitious
automaton
a self-operating machine or mechanism, especially a robot
autonomy
the condition or quality of being autonomous; independence
avant-garde
a group active in the invention and application of new techniques in a given field, especially in the arts
avarice
immoderate desire for wealth; greed
banality
something that is trite; obvious, or predictable; a commonplace
bane
a cause of death, destruction, or ruin
beguile
to deceive by guile; delude
behemoth
something enormous in size or power
belligerent
inclined or eager to fight; hostile or aggressive
beneficiary
the recipient of funds, property or other benefits, as from an insurance policy or will
bequeathed
to pass (something) on to another; hand down
bipartisan
supported by two political parties
bog
a wetland
bolster
to support or prop up with or as if with a long, narrow pillow or cushion
bombastic
grandiloquent, pompous speech or writing
boon
a benefit bestowed, especially one bestowed in response to a request
bowdlerize
to modify, as by shortening or simplifying or by skewing the content in a certain manner
braggart
one given to loud, empty boasting; a bragger
brash
hasty and unthinking; impetuous
brevity
the quality or state of being brief in duration
brusque
abrupt and curt in manner or speech; discourteously blunt
burgeon
to grow and flourish
camouflage
the method or result of concealing personnel or equipment from an enemy by making them appear to be part of the natural surroundings
carnivalesque
like or relating to merrymaking, revelry, or a festival
carp
to find fault in a disagreeable way; complain fretfully
cartography
the art or technique of making maps or charts
castigate
to inflict severe punishment or criticize severly
caustic
corrosive and bitingly trenchant; cutting; causing a burning or stinging sensation, as from intense emotion
censor
one that condemns or censures
cerebral
appealing to or requiring the use of the intellect; intellectual rather than emotional
chagrin
a keen feeling of mental unease, as of annoyance or embarrassment, caused by failure, disappointment, or a disconcerting event
chaotic
great disorder or confusion
characterization
a description of qualities or peculiarities
charismatic
possessing personal magnetism or charm
chicanery
deception by trickery or sophistry; a trick; a subterfuge
chronological
arranged in order of time of occurrence
churlishness
having a bad disposition; surly; difficult to work with; intractable
circumscribe
to limit narrowly; restrict
circumspect
heedful of circumstances and potential consequences; prudent
circumvent
to avoid or get around by artful manuevering
coagulate
to cause transformation of (a liquid or sol, for example) into or as if into a soft, semisolid, or solid mass
coalition
an alliance, especially a temporary one, of people, factions, parties, or nations
cogent
appealing to the intellect or powers of reasoning; convincing
coherent
sticking together, cohering
collaborate
to work together, especially in a joint intellectual effort
colloquial
informal speech or writing
commendable
to be worthy, qualified, or desirable
communal
of, belonging to, or shared by the people of a community; pubilc
compilation
something, such as a set of data, a report, or an anthology, that is compiled
complacency
a feeling of contentment or self-satisfaction, especially when coupled with an unawareness of danger or trouble
complaisant
exhibiting a desire or willingness to please; cheerfully obliging
complicity
involvement as an accomplice in a questionable act or a crime
conciliate
to overcome the distrust or animosity of; appease
condemn
to express strong disapproval of
condoned
to overlook, forgive, or disregard (an offense) without protest or censure
confluence
a gathering, flowing, or meeting together at one juncture or point
confound
to cause to become confused or perplexed
conglomerate
a collected heterogenous mass; a cluster
conjecture
a guess based on incomplete evidence
conscientious
guided by or in accordance with the dictates of conscience; principled
consensus
an opinion or position reached by a group as a whole or by majority will; general agreement
conspicuous
attracting attention, as by being unusual or remarkable; noticeable
contemporary
current; modern
contemptuous
manifesting or feeling contempt; scornful
contentious
given to contention, quarrelsome
conversant
familiar, as by study or experience
convey
to take or carry from one place to another; transport; to communicate or make known; impart
conviviality
fond of feasting, drinking, and good company; sociable
copious
large in quantity, abundant
cordial
friendly
counterintuitive
contrary to what intuition or common sense would indicate
covet
to feel blameworthy desire for (that which is another's)
craven
characterized by abject fear; cowardly
credible
capable of being believed; plausible
credulous
disposed to believe too readily; gullible
culled
to remove rejected members or parts from (a herd, for example)
cultivate
to promote the growth of; to nurture; to foster
curators
one that manages or oversees, as the administrative director of a museum collection or a library
cursory
performed with haste and scant attention to detail
curtailed
to cut short; abbreviate
cynic
a person who believes all people are motivated by selfishness
dalliance
frivolous spending of time; dawdling; playful flirtation
daunting
discouraging
dearth
a scarce supply; a lack
decorum
appropriateness of behavior or conduct; propriety
decry
to condemn openly
deficient
inadequate in amount or degree; insufficient
deft
skillful
deign
to think it appropriate to one's dignity; condescend
delinquent
failing to do what law or duty requires; overdue in payment
demystify
to make less mysterious; clarify
denotation
the act of denoting; indication
denounce
to condemn openly as being evil or reprehensible
derisive
mocking; jeering
desecrate
to violate the sacredness of; profane
deterred
to prevent or discourage from acting, as by means of fear or doubt
devotee
one who is ardently devoted to something; an enthusiast or advocate
devour
to eat up greedily; to destroy, consume, or waste
dichotomy
division into two usually contradictory parts or opinions
diffidence
the quality or state of being diffident; timidity or shyness
dilapidated
to bring or fall into a state of partial ruin, decay, or disrepair
dilettante
a dabbler in an art or a field of knowledge
diligent
marked by persevering, painstaking effort
diminish
to make smaller or less or to cause to appear so; to detract from the authority, reputation or prestige of
dirge
a funeral song
discomfited
to make uneasy or perplexed; disconvert
disconcerted
to upset the self-possession of; ruffle; to frustrate (plans, for example) by throwing into disorder; disarrange
disingenuous
not straightforward or candid; crafty
disparaging
to speak of in a slighting way; belittle
disparity
the condition or fact of being unequal, as in age, rank or degree; difference
disputable
open to dispute; debatable
dissolute
lacking moral restraint, indulging in sensual pleasures or vices
divisive
creating dissension or discord
dogmatic
characterized by an authoritative, arrogant assertion of unproved or unprovable principles
domineering
to rule over or control arbitrarily or arrogantly; tyrannize
dour
unyielding; stubborn
drab
faded and dull in appearance
droll
amusingly odd or whimsically comical
drudgery
tedious, menial, or unpleasant work
dubious
fraught with uncertainty or doubt; undecided; of questionable character
dynamism
continuous change; activity; or progress; vigor
eccentric
departing from a recognized conventional, or established norm or pattern
eclipse
to obscure or diminish in importance, fame, or reputation
edible
something fit to be eaten; food
efficacious
producing or capable of producing a desired effect
effrontery
brazen boldness; presumptuousness
effusive
unrestrained or excessive in emotional expression; gushy, profuse; overflowing
egalitarian
affirming, promoting, or characterized by belief in equal political, economic, social, and civil rights for all people
elaborate
to express at greater length or in greater detail
elitist
the belief that certain persons or members of certain classes or groups deserve favored treatment by virtue or their perceived superiority, as in intellect, social status, or financial resources
elusive
tending to elude capture, perception, comprehension, or memory
emanate
to come or send forth; as from a source
eminent
towering or standing out above others; of high rank, station, or quality; noteworthy
empathy
identification with and understanding of another's situation, feelings, and motives
empirical
guided by practical experience and not theory; relying on or derived from observation or experiment
endorse
to give approval of or support to; especially by public statement; sanction
enervated
to weaken or destroy the strength or vitality of
enigma
one that is puzzling, ambiguous, or inexplicable
enrapture
to fill with delight
entrenched
to fix firmly or securely
enumerate
to count off or name one by one; list
ephemeral
lasting for a markedly brief time
epiphany
a comprehension or perception of reality by means of a sudden intuitive realization
epitome
a representative or an example of a class or type
equanimity
the quality of being calm and even-tempered; composure
ethereal
characterized by lightness and insubstantiality; intangible
euphoric
a feeling of great happiness or well-being
evocation
creation anew through the power of the memory or imagination
exacerbate
to increase the severity, violence, or bitterness of; aggravate
exasperation
the state of being exasperated; frustrated annoyance
exemplary
worthy of imitation; commendable
exhilaration
the state of being stimulated, refreshed, or elated
exhort
to urge by strong, often stirring argument, admonition, advice, or appeal
exonerated
to free from a responsibility, obligation, or task
exorbitant
exceeding all bounds, as of custom or fairness
explicit
fully and clearly expressed; leaving nothing implied
exquisite
characterized by intricate and beautiful design or execution
fabrication
a lie
facsimiles
an exact copy or reproduction, as of a document
fanaticism
excessive, irrational zeal
fanfare
a spectacular public display
fart
a usually audible discharge of intestinal gas that may cause others to leave the room
fastidious
displaying careful, meticulous attention to detail
fathom
to penetrate to the meaning or nature of; to comprehend
fawn
to seek favor or attention by flattery and obsequious behavior
feigned
to give a false appearance of; to imitate so as to deceive
felicity
great happiness; bliss
fervor
great warmth and intensity of emotion
finite
having bounds; limited
fledgling
a young or inexperienced person
flimsy
light, thin, insubstantial
florid
very ornate; flowery
flourish
to grow well or luxuriantly; thrive; to make bold, sweeping movements
fluctuation
to vary irregularly
fortitude
strength of mind that allows one to endure pain or adversity with courage
fortuitous
happening by accident or chance
foster
to promote the growth and development of; cultivate
fractious
inclined to make trouble; unruly; cranky
furnish
to equip with what is needed, especially to provide furniture for
furtive
characterized by stealth; surreptitious
galvanize
to arouse to awareness or action; spur
gauze
a thin, transparent, fabric with a loose open weave
gist
the central idea; the essence
grassroots
people or society at a local level rather than at the center of major political activity
grim
uninviting or unnerving in aspect; forbidding
guileless
not deceitful or crafty
gullible
easily deceived or duped
habitat
the place in which a person or thing is most likely to be found
hamper
to prevent the free movement, action, or progress of
havoc
widespread destruction; devastation
henna
a reddish-orange dyestuff prepared from the dried and ground leaves of this plant, used as a cosmetic dye and for coloring leathers and fabrics
heralded
to proclaim; announce
heyday
the period of greatest popularity, success, or power; prime
histrionic
excessively dramatic or emotional; affected
hodgepodge
a mixture of dissimilar ingredients; a jumble
humanitarianism
concern for human welfare; especially as manifested through philanthropy
hyperbole
a figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect
hypersocial
seeking or enjoying the companionship of others; friendly; sociable; gregarious
hypocrite
a person given to hypocrisy
iconoclast
one who attacks and seeks to overthrow traditional or popular ideas or institutions
idiosyncratic
a structural or behavioral characteristic peculiar to an individual or a group; a physiological or temperamental peculiarity
idyllic
simple and carefree
ignominy
shameful or disgraceful action, conduct or character
illicit
not sanctioned by custom or law; unlawful
impasse
a situation that is so difficult that no progress can be made; a deadlock or a stalemate
impassive
not subject to suffering or pain
impeccable
having no flaws; perfect
imperceptible
hard to detect
imperious
arrogantly domineering or overbearing
implacable
impossible to placate or appease
implausible
difficult to believe
implicit
implied or understood though not directly expressed
imposition
a burdensome or unfair demand, as upon someone's time