Government

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civil case
A non-criminal case/ NOT against the law
rule of law
no-one is above the law
popular sovereignty
power remains with the people, not with the government or its' leaders
separation of powers
powers distributed equally to each branch so no branch is too powerful
checks and balances
ensures each branch is checked by other branches for balance
republic democracy
government where people vote for representatives
constitution
a legal framework for government which shows how a government is organized
amendment
A change to the Constitution
ratify
to approve
Bill of Rights
a list of our freedoms and rights added to the Constitution
cabinet
the president's group of advisors
justices
members of the Supreme Court in the Judicial Branch and the Supreme Court's decisions are absolute and final
Congress
includes the House of Representatives and the Senate
first article of the Constitution
explains the powers of the Legislative Branch
second article of the Constitution
explains the powers of the Executive Branch
third article of the Constitution
explains the powers of the Judicial Branch
fourth article of the Constitution
explains the relationship between the states
fifth article of the Constitution
explains the amendment process
sixth article of the Constitution
explains national debt and that the Constitution is the Supreme Law of the land and everyone should obey it
seventh article of the Constitution
shows the delegates that ratified the Constitution
powers of the federal government
Congress declares war, prints new money, U.S. Post office, signs peace treaties
powers of the state government
schools, driver's licenses, voting
powers the state and federal government BOTH have
roads connecting states, taxes, courts, new laws
1st amendment
Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition
2nd Amendment
Right to bear arms
3rd Amendment
The government cannot force people to keep troops in their private homes
4th Amendment
Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures
5th Amendment
The Right to Remain Silent/Double Jeopardy, right to due process
6th Amendment
The right to a Speedy Trial by jury, representation by an attorney for an accused person
7th Amendment
Right to a trial by jury in civil cases
8th Amendment
No cruel or unusual punishment
9th Amendment
Citizens entitled to rights not listed in the Constitution
10th Amendment
Powers not given to federal government go to people and States
Which branch makes the laws?
Legislative Branch
Which branch carries out the laws?
Executive Branch
Which branch interprets the laws?
Judicial Branch
Which branch has the Senate and the House of Representatives?
Legislative Branch
Which Branch has the President and Vice President
Executive Branch
Which branch had the Supreme Court?
Judicial Branch
Which branch can write and pass a bill ?
Legislative Branch
Which branch can overrule a presidential veto by 2/3 majority vote?
Legislative Branch
Which branch can declare war?
Legislative Branch
Which branch can impeach a government official?
Legislative Branch
Which branch can determine whether laws and treaties are unconstitutional?
Judicial Branch
Which branch presides over the impeachment trials?
Judicial Branch
Which branch can sign or veto bills passed by Congress?
Executive Branch
Which branch can call Congress together for a special session?
Executive Branch
Which branch can sign treaties?
Executive Branch
Which branch has the commander in chief of the armed forces?
Executive Branch
Which branch can grant pardons?
Executive Branch
What is needed for an amendment to be proposed?
2/3 of Congress or 2/3 of the convention
What is needed for an amendment to be ratified?
3/4 of Congress or 3/4 of the convention
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