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Ch. 4 Historic Terms
Terms in this set (52)
Pres. Theodore Roosevelt's program of reforms to keep the wealthy & powerful from taking advantage of small business owners & the poor.
1906 law that gave the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) the authority to set maximum shipping rates for railroads and for ferries, toll bridges, & oil pipelines.
Meat Inspection Act
1906 law that empowered the federal government to inspect meat sold across state lines and required federal inspection of meat processing plants
Pure Food and Drug Act
1906 law that allowed federal inspection food and medicine and band the interstate shipment and sale of impure food and the miss labeling of food and drugs
Environmentalist who created the Sierra Club & efforts had led Congress to create Yosemite National Park
First appointed as the head of the U.S. Forest Service
National Reclamation Act
1902 law that gave the federal government the power to decide where and how water would be distributed through the building and management of dams
President Theodore Roosevelt's plan to restore the governments trust busting power
Political party that emerged from the Taft-Roosevelt battle that split the Republican party in 1912
He won the election of 1912 & was a Democrat.
Woodrow Wilson's program to place government controls on corporations in order to benefit small businesses
1913 constitutional amendment that gave Congress the authority to levy an income tax
Federal Reserve Act
1913 law that placed national banks under the control of a federal reserve board
Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Government agency established in 1914 to identify monopolistic business Practices, false advertising, and dishonest labeling
Clayton Antitrust Act
1914 law that strengthened the Sherman antitrust act
He was the youngest man to become president and was 42.
He was the vice pres. and President Mckinnley was assasinated
Control of the supply of money by a central authority, including influencing interest rates to promote economic growth and stability
When stronger countries dominated the military, political and economic affairs of weaker countries.
The economy in a colony where the colonizing country removed raw materials and shipped them back home to benefit its own economy.
Alfred T. Mahan
An American naval officer and historian who urged American leaders to build a stronger navy and to obtain naval bases in Cuba, Hawaii, and the Philippines. Mahan (1840-1914) was also an early proponent of building a canal through Central America to allow U.S. naval vessels to move quickly between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
The belief held by some in the late nineteenth century that certain nations and races were superior to others and therefore destined to rule over them
Fredrick Jackson Turner
An American historian whose works greatly influenced future writings about American history. Turner (1861-1932) promoted using social sciences in historical writings and stressed the use of concepts such as immigration, urbanization, economic development, and social and cultural history when trying to understand historical events.
A U.S. naval officer who led an American naval fleet in 1853 to 1854 that forced Japan into trade and diplomatic relations with the West after more than two centuries of isolation. That journey by Perry (1794-1858) opened further American expansion across the Pacific Ocean.
Last imperial ruler of Hawaii
Sanford B. Dole
First provisional governor of Hawaii & he grew Pineapples
He was an exiled Cuban writer who became the symbol of Cuba's struggle for independence from Spain. He helped establish the Cuban Revolutionary Party and was elected its leader in 1892. In 1895 Marti helped launch a war of independence against Spain. He died a month later in battalion the plains of Dos Rios.
William Randolph Hearst
He was American newspaper publisher who created the nation's largest newspaper chain. Hearst, along with Joseph Pulitzer, helped popularize investigative reporting and sensationalist journalism.
Newspapers that used sensational headlines and exaggerated stories in order to promote readership. Lead by Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst-enflamed the Spanish American War. Anti-Spanish sentiment lead to emotional reporting which lead to mass hysteria.
aggressive nationalism; support for warlike foreign policy
He was an American naval officer who commanded the U.S. fleet that defeated the Spanish at the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish American War. In 1899, Congress promoted Dewey to the rank of admiral of the navy, the highest rank ever held by a U.S. naval officer.
He was the leader of the Filipino forces that fought for independence against Spain in the 1890's. Disillusioned with the U.S. presence in the Philippines during the war, Aguinaldo helped organize the insurrection against U.S. rule. He was captured by U.S. forces in 1901, effectively ending the Pilipino's fight for independence.
group of men, consisting of rugged westerners and upper-class easterners who fought during the Spanish American War; regiment of volunteer fighters led under Teddy Roosevelt
Treaty of Paris
an agreement signed by
nontraditional combat methods
Willaim Howard Taft
He was the 27th president of the United States from 1909 to 1913. In 1901, Taft became the first civilian governor of the Philippines. In that post, Taft worked to rebuild the economy and reestablish order. In 1921, President Harding appointed Taft and the 10th chief justice of the United States, where he served for 9 years.
Sphere of Influence
A region dominated and controlled by an outside power. Within its zone, each power had privileged access to Chinese ports & markets.
He served as US Secretary of State. He was instrumental in crafting the Open Door Policy toward China.
Violence started by members of a secret society in China, which prompted the governments of Europe and America to send troops to squash the rebellion.
Open Door Policy
Equal privileges among countries trading with China.
A war between Japan and Russia in 1904 over the presence of Russian troops in Manchuria.
Pact between the Unites States and Japan to end segregation of Asian children in San Francisco public schools. In return, Japan agreed to limit the immigration of its citizens to the United States.
Great White Fleet
Battleships sent by Theodore Roosevelt in 1907 on a "good will cruise" around the world.
Law establishing a civil government in Puerto Rico.
Set of conditions under which Cuba was granted independence in 1902, including restrictions on rights of Cubans and granting the US the "right to intervene" to preserve order in Cuba.
"big stick" diplomacy
Theodore Roosevelt's policy of creating and using, when necessary, a strong military to achieve America's goals.
Human made waterway linking the Atlantic to the Pacific across the isthmus of Panama.
President Theodore Roosevelt's reassertion of the Monroe Doctrine to keep the Western Hemisphere free from intervention by European powers.
President Taft's policy of expanding American investments abroad.
Woodrow Wilson's statement that the US would not use force to assert influence in the world, but would instead work to promote human rights.
Francisco "Pancho" Villa
He was a Mexican revolutionary and guerrilla leader. In 1916 Villa's forces killed 18 Americans in New Mexico, which resulted in US General John J. Pershing's unsuccessful expedition into Mexico with 10,000 troops to capture and punish Villa.
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
Roosevelt picked and chose what monopolies he deemed bad monopolies & broke a total of 44
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