Body Systems Review

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Organ systems
A group of two or more organs working together for a specific job; e.g. the digestive system
Circulatory /Cardiovascular System
The body system responsible for delivering oxygen and removing carbon dioxide through out the body via arteries, veins, & capillaries
Organs of the Circulatory System
The heart and blood vessels (arteries, veins, & capillaries)
Respiratory system
The body system in which oxygen is brought into the body and carbon dioxide is released
Organs of the Respiratory System
nose, trachea, lungs, & diaphragm
Digestive System
The body system that takes in, breaks down, and absorbs nutrients that are necessary for growth
Organs of the Digestive System
the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine
Excretory system
The body system that helps rid the body of wastes, toxins, and excess water
Organs of the Excretory System
kidneys, ureters, & bladder
Nervous system
The body system of specialized cells that carry electrical messages throughout the body
Organs of the Nervous System
brain, spinal cord, & peripheral nerves
Muscular System
The body system that supports the body and enables it to move and produce heat
Structures of the Muscular System
skeletal muscles, smooth muscles, and cardiac muscles
Skeletal System
The body system that protects and supports the body
Structures of the Skeletal System
bones
Integumentary System
The body system that covers and protects the body from the environment; first defense to fight disease
Organs of the Integumentary System
Skin, hair, nails
Immune/Lymphatic System
The body system that works to kill pathogens (virus/bacteria) that have invaded the body (goal = keep you healthy)
Respiratory System
Which organ system contains the nose, trachea, bronchioles, and alveoli?
Endocrine System
What organ system is responsible for producing hormones that travel through the blood stream and affect activities throughout the body.
Deep
Towards the inside of the body
Superficial
At or near the surface of the body
Lungs (Respiratory System) and Excretory System
These systems/structures interact to exchange exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide, and release waste products in cells.
Nervous System, Muscular System, Skeletal System
These systems interact when you raise your hand and nerve tissue carries a message from your brain, and muscle tissue contracts to move the bones.
Muscular System and Respiratory System
These systems interact to allow the inhalation and exhalation of gases.
Digestive System and Muscular System
These systems interact when food is pushed down the esophagus to the stomach through peristalsis.
Nervous System and Digestive System
These systems interact when a message is sent from the brain to the stomach, triggering the sensation of hunger.
Urinary System and Circulatory System
These systems interact when the kidneys filter materials out of the body.
Muscular System and Respiratory System
These systems interact when you inhale and the diaphragm contracts and pulls downward, while other muscles draw the ribs outward.
Urinary System, Excretory System, Digestive System, Respiratory System, and Skin
These systems/structures allow the body to remove wastes.
Circulatory System and Digestive System
These systems interact to transport digested materials to the cells of the body.
Respiratory System, Digestive System, and Skin
These systems/structures are the first lines of defense against pathogens that cause disease.
Endocrine System and Nervous System
These systems interact when glands of the brain control functions of the body.
Reproductive System
This body system produces sperm and egg cells, and allows female organisms to carry a growing fetus
Organs of the Reproductive System
Ovaries, Fallopian Tubes, Uterus, Testes, Urethra, Penis
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