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142 terms

Comp II vocab

Important SAT words that every 10th grader and older should know (ROT)
STUDY
PLAY
autonomous
independent or self governing
confer
to meet OR to hand over with authority; bestow
acronym
abbreviation
in lieu of
instead of or in place of
cumulative
adding up overtime
discrepancy
disagreement; something that doesn't add up
convention
tradition; the accepted way
objective
pure facts, no opinion
subjective
includes personal opinion or emotion
vestigial
left over, no longer
gustatory
associated with eating or the sense of taste
malevolent
with evil intent, meaning to harm
benevolent
meaning kindness or good intent
voracious
having a large appetite
penitent
seeking forgiveness
virulent
extremely dangerous
niche
A place where one belongs
complicit
involved in a crime
aphorism
a brief, witty saying
protrude
to stick out
incise
to cut or carve into
bolster
to support or strengthen
transcribe
a transition from oral to written form
seminal
seed-like
5 offspring of the seminal statement:
focus, form, depth, audience, voice
concrete writing
appeals to the 5 senses
abstract writing
does not appeal to the 5 senses
assertion
a statement or claim
seminal statement
I have something to say to you
focus
the main point or effect you're after
form
the mode or structure you use
depth
how thorough or convincing you are
voice
the attitude you're conveying
audience
the person or people to whom you're conveying
passive voice
when the subject is being acted upon rather than doing the action
comma splice
using a comma in lieu of a semi-colon
FANBOYS unpacked
For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So
FANBOYS significance
list of coordinating conjunctions
writing is not the process of _______, it is the process of ___________
writing is not the process of recording meaning, it is the process of creating meaning
less vs. fewer
fewer can be counted
I vs. me
subject vs. object
fallible
imperfect, capable of fault
misplaced modifiers
when the words or phrases describe the wrong thing because of their placement
data/media/criteria issue
people treat these words as singular nouns when they are actually plural
general rule for punctuating titles
"short works" quotation marks, long works are underlined or italicized
antecedent
the thing to which the pronoun refers to
It's vs. Its
contraction vs. possession
than vs. then
comparison vs. chronology
affect vs. effect
verb vs. noun
who vs. that
people vs. things/animals
bohemian
artistic non-conformist
arduous
difficult
avocation
hobby
drone
passionless worker
docile
tame
precipitous
cliff-like
persevere
endure
inert
inactive
surly
grumpy
nebulous
hard to define
machination
scheme
condescending
arrogant
wizened
old and shriveled
expropriate
take as one's own
obeisance
submission
poignant
emotionally touching
tenacity
positive stubbornness
burgeoning
blossoming
oxymoron
contradictory words side-by-side
volatile
potentially explosive, unpredictable change
imbue
deeply influence
periphery
outer edge
unfettered
unchained, free
cacophony
loud racket
vicarious
experienced through another
raison d'etre
reason of being
1st Focus Criteria Question
Does the essay have a focusing mechanism? (thesis statement, guiding question, etc)
2nd Focus Criteria Question
Does every element of the essay contribute to the main point/effect?
3rd Focus Criteria Question
Is the scope of the writing appropriate for the length?
protracted
long and drawn out
agape
wide-open
simian
relating to monkeys
exude
display openly
indissoluble
permanent
supplant
replace
enigma
mystery
penultimate
next to last
incessant
constant
hierarchy
ranked System
concede
give In
recidivism
re-offending Crime
blatant
unapologetic
spectre
something that haunts
abdicate
give up
ambiguous
open to multiple interpretations
deter
discourage
catharsis
emotional cleansing
equivocate
use unclear language to avoid taking a stand
cavalier
unconcerned
to abhor
to strongly detest
wary
cautious
to absolve
to free from blame
insipid
shallow and silly
anomaly
Deviation from the norm
to embody
To give physical form to an abstraction
pedagogy
method of teaching
depraved
morally corrupt
ubiquitous
found everywhere
facilitate
making something easier
synthesize
combine into a coherent whole
paradox
a contradiction that reveals a truth
to herald
signal something about to happen
discern
figure out
coherent
unified
profound
deeply insightful
erratic
unpredictable
reconcile
make harmonious
propaganda
biased information used to promote a cause
rational
reasons for doing something
empirical
based on concrete evidence
anachronism
something placed in the wrong time period
pilgrimage
journey with a religious purpose
decorum
polite behavior
rancor
resentment, bitterness
amoral
unconcerned with rightness or wrongness
ostensible
on the surface
dire
desperate
ecstatic
joyful
ominous
threatening
infuse
fill up
appropriate
set aside for future use
Encroach
invade another's territory
facsimile
copy
flux
change
insatiable
unable to be filled
svelte
slim and elegant
uncouth
not civilized
aberration
out of the ordinary
camaraderie
friendship
concoction
mixture of various ingredients
insouciance
lack of concern
feign
fake