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Myer's Psychology for AP (Unit 1)
Unit 1 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (30)
the view that knowledge originates in experience and that science should, therefore, rely on observation and experimentation
an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the structural elements of the human mind
a school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes function-how they enable us to adapt, survive and flourish
the study of behavior and thinking using the experimental method
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes. Most research psychologists today agree with (1) but not with (2)
historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth
the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition (including perception, thinking, memory, and language)
the science of behavior and mental processes
the longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors. Today's science sees traits and behaviors arising from the interaction of nature and nurture
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival with most likely be passed on to succeeding generations
level of analysis
the differing complementary views, from biological to psychological to social-cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon
an integrated approach that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis
a branch of psychology that studies the links between biological (including neuroscience and behavior genetics) and psychological processes
the study of the roots of behavior and mental processes using the principles of natural selection
a branch of psychology that studies how unconscious drives and conflicts influence behavior, and uses that information to treat people with psychological disorders
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Even though the banana seemed to change color as the lighting in the room changed, Jane knew that the color of the banana was not actually changing. This is due to a. perceptual adaptation. b. convergence. c. color constancy. d. interposition. e. relative luminance.
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