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Chapter 43: Restorative and Esthetic Dental Materials
Terms in this set (39)
What type of reaction does a dental material undergo when a person is chewing?
What happens to a dental material when it is exposed to extreme temperatures of hot and then cold?
contraction and expansion
What are examples of how galvanic action can occur?
salt within saliva and touching of two metals
How does an auto cured material harden or set?
by chemical reaction
What is the correct makeup of the alloy power in amalgam?
silver, tin, copper, and zinc
Why is dental amalgam not replaced in anterior teeth?
Most amalgams have high copper content. what does copper provide to amalgam restorations?
strength and corrosion resistance
Where are amalgam scraps disposed of?
in a biohazard bag
What is used to triturate amalgam?
The term commonly used to refer to dimethacrylate is?
Which filler type of composite resin has the strongest makeup and has been used most commonly for posterior restorations?
In light curing of composite resins, which factor can affect curing time of the material?
Depth and extent of restoration
What is used to determine the color of composite resin material for a procedure?
The final step in finishing a composite resin is what?
using a rubber cap and polishing paste
The acronym IRM stands for?
intermediate restorative material
what temporary restorative material would most likely be selected for a class II cavity preparation
which material would most likely be selected for provisional coverage
the three noble metals used in making indirect restorations are
gold, palladium, and platinum
what type of restoration is made in the dental lab
A term in dentistry that describes the ability to remove decay or disease and bring back the proper function of a tooth.
a term that refers to recreating the tooth or teeth with an artistically pleasing appearance.
What professional organization evaluates a new dental material?
The Council on Dental Materials, Instruments and Equipment (subcommittee of ADA)
any push or pull on matter which produces a stress or strain (as in chewing or biting)
internal resistance or force that can cause distortion
Change or deformation of a material as the result of stress
The Measure of the capacity of a metal to be extended in all directions by a compressive force, such as rolling or hammering.
Microscopic space located at the interface of the tooth structure and the sealant or restoration (microscopic separation of material and tooth)
The process of a liquid substance passing through a porous substance
An electrical current that takes place when two different or dissimilar metals come together
The reaction that occurs within a metal when it is exposed to corrosive factors such as temperature, humidity, and saline.
a property of a liquid that prevents it from flowing easily.
The act of holding something by means of an adhesive or mechanical locking, or both (as in when two things will not adhere to each other naturally)
A setting process of a dental material that is initiated by a chemical reaction or by light in a blue wave spectrum.
Powder, combination of metals mixed with mercury to create amalgam restorative material
Object inside amalgam capsule to aide in mixing process
Hardened or set by a chemical reaction of two materials.
Dental restorative material that is a hard,
non-metallic, heat and corrosive resistant. Resembles clay.
An inorganic material that adds strength and other characteristics to composite resins
The fluid like material that is the resin matrix component of composites
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