66 terms

EZ: Leadership styles, Ethics, Character Traits, Medicare/Medicaid.

Issues in Nursing Practice. Chpt. 3. Sentinel events/a "Never Event". Medicare/Medicad. Ethical terms Law/Legal
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A "Never Event".
A National Quality Forum list of 28 sentinel events that are so devastating to Patients that they should never happen.
Medicare
Covers all ppl 65 y.o. +.
Medicare
Cover's ppl under 65 y.o. who have disabilities & are eligible for Social Security.
Part A
This part of Medicare overs inpatient hospital care, SNFs, Hospice, & some HH. No premium, no deductible.
Part B
This part of Medicare is medical insurance. It covers Dr costs, outpatient services, some HH/supplies, some preventive services. A monthly premium & yearly deductible are req'd.
Medicaid
Provides health insurance for low income & disabled ppl <65 y.o..
Autocratic Leadership
This Leader has a high degree of control. Good for emergency situations.
Democratic Leadership
Decisions are made in a group. Keeps group members happy. Let's ppl participate.
Laissez-Faire Leadership
This Leader has no control over a group of employees-employees have complete freedom. No one is responsible for determining goals & plans & achieving those goals.
Coaching Leadership
This Leader develops ppl.
Values
"Unwritten standards, ideals, or concepts which give meaning to a person's life."
Ethical Dilemma
"The required moral action is not clear, ppl don't agree on the solution, no choice is "best".
Fidelity
"The obligation to be faithful to commitments made to self & others."
Veracity
"This is the virtue of truthfulness."
Nonmalficence
"To not do any harm."
Integrity
"An unwavering moral sense of self."
Compassion
"The Nurse's wish to alleviate discomfort."
Discernment
"Common Sense"/"practical wisdom".
Beneficence
Offering treatments & care options that are likely to provide benefit to the Pt. One must take positive action that does good for another.
Justice
"Fairness & equality."
Utilitarianism
"Actions are judged right or wrong based purely on their consequences. Outcomes are the most important elements to consider when making decisions."
Deontology
"Human actions and attitudes are to be based on duty, the moral worth should not be judged only in terms of its consequences."
Civil liability
A Pt can seek financial recovery for injuries & losses.
Criminal law.
Can result in imprisonment or monetary fines.
Tort
"A lawsuit involving a civil wrong." The employer may be liable for the acts/omissions of it's employees.
Malpractice
A breach of the duty that arises out of the relationship between a Pt & a health care worker.
Negligence
An unintentional tort w/injury. Stems from the failure of the wrongdoer to exercise care.
The failure of a health care professional to follow a prescribed duty of care is:
Malpractice
This is an example of an intentional tort.
Outrage
This is an example of an intentional tort.
Assault
This is an example of an intentional tort.
Privacy invasion.
Paternalism
"Preventing patients from making autonomous decisions/deciding for patients w/o regard for their preference."
These are unwritten standards, ideals, or concepts that give meaning to a person's life:
Values
These serve as a guide for making decisions and setting priorities in daily life:
Values
The values of a profession are usually outlined in this:
A Code of Ethics
A comprehensive set of guidelines that outlines the behavioral expectations for the profession this:
A Code of Ethics
Nurses who either: 1) Carry out actions that they believe are wrong, or; 2) Are unable to carry out actions they believe are right, experience this:
'Moral Distess'
This organization developed a code of ethics for LVNs:
The National Assoc. for Practical Nurse Education & Service.
These are character traits that are assoc. w/one's values, morality, & conscience:
Virtues
This is a philosophical theory which requires human actions and attitudes to be based on duty:
Deontology
The moral worth of an action (result) should not be judged only in terms of its consequences is addressed in this philosophical theory:
Deontology
This is step 1 of 8 in ethical decision making:
Identify the Ethical Dilemma
This is step 2 of 8 in ethical decision making:
Identify the Stakeholders and Their Values
This is step 3 of 8 in ethical decision making:
Gather and Verify the Information
This is step 4 of 8 in ethical decision making:
Examine Possible Actions and the Consequences of Each Action
This is step 5 of 8 in ethical decision making:
Determine the Ethical Foundation for Each Action
This is step 6 of 8 in ethical decision making:
Determine the Best Action with the Strongest Ethical Support
This is step 7 of 8 in ethical decision making:
Implement the Action
This is step 8 of 8 in ethical decision making:
Evaluate the Outcome
This act created civil and criminal liability for health care workers who wrongfully disclose a person's health info.:
HIPPA
This is the level of responsibility that society places on individuals for their actions:
Liability
Punishment: Is this of Civil or Criminal Liability? Personal Liability:
Civil
Punishment: Is this of Civil or Criminal Liability? Financial Recovery:
Civil
Punishment: Is this of Civil or Criminal Liability? Loss of license:
Civil
Punishment: Is this of Civil or Criminal Liability? Potential loss of freedom:
Criminal
This is a type of unintentional tort:
Negligence
This occurs when injury results from the failure of the wrongdoer to exercise care:
Negligence
The failure to follow due care in the protection of the injured person is this:
Breach of duty
This is unlawful conduct that places another person in immediate fear of an unlawful touching, battery, or a real threat of bodily harm:
Assault
This is the unlawful touching of someone:
Battery
This is wrongful injury to someone's reputation or standing in a community. May be written (libel) or spoken (slander):
Defamation
This is unlawful restriction of a person's freedom:
False Imprisonment
This is extreme and outrageous conduct in the care of the Pt/dead body:
Outrage
Also called "Legal Rights". Based on legal entitlement to some good or benefit:
Welfare Rights.
The 2 components needed for 'negligence':
1) A duty of care owed to a Pt. 2) A breach of duty to exercise care. 3) Injury & damages occurring from the breach of duty.
Nursing licenses are regulated by this:
State nurse practice laws
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