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ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 10- EATING DISORDERS
Terms in this set (59)
Can eating disorders kill you? If so, what's the % will be dead in 20 years?
only if they go untreated ; 18%-20%
How many people who suffer from eating disorders actually fully recover?
How many people with eating disorders actually get help?
What neurotransmitter does food trigger? (which causes people to eat because it makes them happy)
two main types of eating disorders
Anorexia Nervosa & Bulimia Nervosa
What population of people are prone to eating disorders?
Are eating disorders more of a problem for men or women?
what is a SES problem?
What is off about the Barbie comparison that women use to compare their bodies to?
the barbie's proportion sizes
In the past, was being fuller or skinnier the preferred look? And name one reason why.
fuller; because it looked healthier (eating good)
Does the media display realistic body images? Why is this a problem?
No; because it sets people up to think that they have to look a certain way.
Bristol schoolgirl was about? Time period?
-a girl who was initially a good & healthy size. She stopped eating all of a sudden & refused to swallow any food. She died weighing 49 lbs.
What act does Bulimia Nervosa involve?
Eating a bunch of food (out of control) in a small amount of time
Compensatory behaviors of binging are..
purging, over-exercising, take medicines to get the food out (laxatives)
An average bulimic binge consist of how many calories?
Some people go up to how many calories?
1,500 to 3,000 calories
60,000 calories or more
What percentage of bulimics purge by vomiting ?
What percentage of bulimics purge by taking laxatives?
Behavioral typical binging supports the fact that... (eating)
The more you try to restrict your eating, the more you're going to want at the end.
(T/F) If someone who suffers from bulimia nervosa eats a little snack, they feel a lot smaller than they actually are.
5 medical consequences are: ( SEE IC)
Salivary gland enlargement
Eroded dental enamel
Calluses on fingers/hands from purging
Electrolyte imbalance can be crucial to
Is purging an effective way to lose weight?why?
no; because you have already taken in most of the calories
(T/F) Someone with binge-eating disorder sneaks to eat.
What % of the overall population suffer from bulimia nervosa?
What gender and % of this gender suffer from bulimia nervosa?
What race and class suffer from bulimia nervosa?
White; upper-middle class
What percentage of college women suffer from bulimia nervosa in the past and now ?
What is anorexia nervosa?
intense fear of gaining weight
Is it easier to tell if someone suffers form Anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa?
what is % of deliberate weight lost for anorexia nervosa?
two subtypes of anorexia nervosa? describe each
Restricting type: not eating
binge-eating-purging type: purging
What is distorted body image?
when someone thinks they look different than they are.
Difference between anorexia and bulimia.
Anorexia: doesn't really eat
Bulimia: eating but try to get it out
EDNOS stands for
eating disorders not otherwise specified
Is EDNOS the worst? why?
Yes because it is under the radar
What is a factor regarding a eating disorder?
person feels like the only thing they can control is not eating
What other food disorder is Bulimia closely related to?
Medical consequences of Anorexia: Amenorrhea
inability to have a menstrual cycle
Medical consequences of Anorexia: Lanugo
your body starts growing a bunch of small hairs
Anorexia starts around what set of ages?
early adolescence ; puberty time
What type of things does family do/say to influence Anorexia?
"you shouldn't be eating that"
What does psychological treatments of Bulimia involve?
Alter their thinking about shape, eating & weight
What does psychological treatments of Anorexia involve?
work on restoring weight, gaining weight (easy), keeping weight (hard)
Does treatment work for Bulimia or Anorexia or both?
Rumination Disorder & age group
Regurgitating and Re-swallowing Food
usually in younger children
when they eat crazy shit :eating non-nutritive items
glass, eating tissue, paint, etc.
Feeding Disorder : Failure to thrive disorder
Who does this term target?
indicate insufficient weight gain or inappropriate weight loss
infants at younger age
QQ) JENNY IS EXTREMELY AFRAID OF GETTING FAT AND HAS BEEN DIETING AND WORKING OUT REGULARLY FOR SEVERAL MONTHS. JENNY WAS DIAGNOSED WITH ANOREXIA NERVOSA BECAUSE HER WEIGHT DIPPED BELOW ___ OF NORMAL.
Is obesity a DSM diagnostic disorder?
BMI for obesity is ___.
30 or higher
BMI is a ___ to ___ ratio.
height to weight
The average American eat how many pounds of sugar each year?
The American Heart Association recommends what about sugar intake?
recommends limiting sugar intake to no more than half of your daily discretionary calorie allowance: No more than 100 calories per day for women (about 6 teaspoons) and no more than 150 calories per day for men (9 teaspoons).
Sugar is compared to what?
when does a normal person's dopamine level spike? vs an addicts?
normal: when they are actually eating that rewarded food
addict: when they anticipate that reward
4 step process of sugar addiction
1. eat sugar
2. sugar level spikes
3. sugar levels fall
4. hunger and cravings start
(t/f ) high insulin levels cause immediate fat storage
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