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Respiratory and gastrointestinal pathologies
Terms in this set (69)
muscle of respiration
synonym for infectious rhinitis - acute inflammation of the upper respiratory tract mucosa, usually confined to nose and throat
Acute or chronic inflammation of the mucosal lining of the paranasal sinuses
MC for common cold
Contraindicated until client is no longer ill, usually 5 days from the onset of symptoms.
MC for sinusitis
Contraindicated during acute episodes.
Chronic sinusitis avoid the prone position because breathing difficulty is common and pressure of the face rest cushion may cause pain.
Inflammation of the larynx resulting in loss of voice. It is a symptom of a disease such as the common cold, influenza, or pneumonia
viral infection of the respiratory system characterized by chills, fever, body aches, and fatigue.
Acute contagious viral infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus kissing disease
MC for mononucleosis:
Is contraindicated until the client is completely recovered and has clearance from a health care provider
Sore throat, strep throat. Acute or chronic inflammation or infection of the pharynx.
inflammation of the pleura membranes
Wet- increase of intrapleureal fluids
Dry- reduction in intrapleural fluids
Infection or inflammation of the lungs - most common infectious cause of death in the United States
infection is most often caused by bacteria (75 percent of cases)?
MC for pneumonia post recovery
Includes deep friction and deep gliding to loosen the muscles of respiration
a chronic lung infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, typically transmitted by infected droplets?
Most people are asymptomatic 95% of cases or may experience vague symptoms such as fatigue, loss of appetite, and low-grade fever
Person has cough with sputum (may be blood stained, high fever, night sweats, general anxiety and shortness of breath
Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases COPD
a group of pulmonary disorders characterized by persistent or recurring obstruction of airflow that worsens with exertion?
Common forms of COPD
Emphysema (pink puffers)and chronic bronchitis (blue puffers)
chronic inflammatory disease of the bronchial tubes, often triggered by an allergic reaction- most common chronic disease in children
inflammation of the bronchial mucosa with resultant swelling and mucous hypersecretion
Causes of bronchitis
Acute- viral infections of the respiratory tract
Chronic- cigarette smoking most common cause 90%
results from the destruction of the alveolar walls due to long-term exposure to irritants such as cigarette smoke or air pollution?
a lung disease caused by long term inhalation of dust particles
Genetic disorder that causes hypersecretion of cells that produce mucus,saliva, and digestive juices
a temporary cessation or absence of spontaneous breathing (usually lasting about 15 seconds)?
Condition involving excessive amount of fluid in the lungs - most common cause is congestive heart failure
Hypersensitive state, i.e, allergy to pollen.
Malignancy of the lungs and is considered an epidemic - attributed to smoking
When a blood clot or foreign material causes partial or complete occlusion of a pulmonary artery or one of its branches.
Unpleasant sensation in the stomach associated with a tendency to vomit
infrequent or difficult passing of stools?
Frequent passage of loose, watery stools
Acute viral infection leading to Swollen parotid glands.
acute or chronic inflammation of the tonsils main cause by bacterium streptococcus pyogenes second cause is Epstein-Barr virus.
gastroesophageal reflux disease
periodic regurgitation of gastric contents into the esophagus caused by relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter or increased intra-abdominal pressure?
peptic ulcer disease
ulceration in the mucosal lining of the GI tract exposed to acidic gastric juice
most common symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disease is:
inflammation of the gastric mucosa
an inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the stomach and intestines - also known as stomach flu
benign growths on mucous membranes, commonly found in the colon
Benign growths suspended by a stalk on mucous membranes
irritable bowel syndrome
condition of the colon characterized by abnormal muscular contraction and excessive mucus in the stool?
MC for IBS
Focuses on relaxation and stress management while avoiding the abdomen if sensitive
Diverticula become infected or inflamed -,associated with decreased dietary fiber leading to irregular vowel habits and chronic constipation
chronic inflammatory bowel disease that affects any part of the GI tract and can extend through all of its layers
Chrohns disease MC
AVoid the abdomen
A type of chronic IBS- inflammation of the large intestine
inflammation of the vermiform appendix?
client who reports pain that begins vaguely near the umbilicus then shifted to the lower right quadrant, and who had period of nausea for the past 6 to 12 hours- medical emergency
Yellowish coloring of the skin and mucosa caused by elevated blood bilirubin is called:
dilated or varicose veins in the rectal or anal area
inflammation of the liver
Massage can be performed unless client has fever or jaundice - avoid the abdomen
is a progressive liver disease with liver cells destroyed and replayed with fibrous scar tissue, giving the liver a yellow-orange color
________________ can be produced from the excess cholesterol or billrubin in the gallbladder
A client with gallstones may feel pain:
In the right upper quadrant and right shoulder
Inflammation of the peritoneal lining- usually sterile becomes infected by a foreign substance
cancer of the colon and rectum - most lethal types of cancer
Develop from small benign clumps of cells called adenomatous polyps
disease caused by sensitivity to gluten
an illness usually caused by eating food that contains harmful bacteria
Protrusions of tissues or organs through a weakness in a membranous or cavity wall.
protrusion of the stomach through the diaphragm into the thoracic cavity
protrusion of part of the intestine at the navel
protrusion of a loop of the intestine through layers of the abdominal wall in the inguinal region
displacement of intestines through the femoral canal; more common in females than males
along the suture line of a prior abdominal surgical incision
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