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16 terms

Science - Chapter 5 Terms

STUDY
PLAY
infer
conclude by reasoning
water cycle
the continuous cycle of the transfer of water through an ecosystem, which involves evaporation, transpiration, condensation, and precipitation
evaporation
the change of a substance from a liquid to a gas
condensation
The change of state from a gas to a liquid
precipitation
the falling to earth of any form of water (rain or snow or hail or sleet or mist)
groundwater
water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil and rock layers
continental shelf
a gently sloping, shallow area of the ocean floor that extends outward from the edge of a continent
continental slope
begins at the edge of the continental shelf and continues down to the flattest part of the ocean floor
abyssal plain
the vast flat lands beyond the continental shelf that cover almost half of the ocean floor
currents
water that moves in a certain direction; the river like flow of water in the oceans
inter-tidal zone
portion of the shoreline that lies between the high and low tide lines
near-shore zone
the area of the ocean over the continental shelf thats relatively shallow
open-ocean zone
the area over the continental slope and abyssal plain
coral reefs
large, delicate structures formed by the skeletons of small animals called corals
transpiration
evaporation of water from a plant's leaves
the main energy source
the sun