American Pageant Chapter 13 Vocab
Key terms, people, and events from Chapter 13 of the 13th edition of the American Pageant.
Idea that came from the Jackson campaign, that he was a "commoner" who represented the interest of common "everyday" people.
Tariff of 1828 (Abominations)
High tariff, helped boost the Northern manufacturing economy, while hurting Southern planters.
Indian Removal Act
Controversial legislation passed in 1830 that required Native civilizations to move west of the Mississippi River.
Idea that each state had the right to decide whether to obey a federal law or to declare it null and void.
Nickname given by southerners to describe the institution of slavery in the South.
Tariff of 1833
Showed that Jackson was willing to Compromise after the South threatened to not participate with tariff and potentially secede. Lowered rates by 10% per year for 8 years.
Idea of giving political supporters jobs as a form of "thank you" for helping the candidate get elected into office.
Democrats (Political Party)
Favored local rule, limited government, free trade, equal economic opportunity (for white males): Southerners, westerners and urban workers.
Also called the "bloody bill" by radical nullifiers, which authorized the President to use the Army and Navy to collect Tariff monies.
Whigs (Political Party)
Favored Clay's American System. Opposed unlimited immigration; made up of New Englanders, Protestants, middle class urban professionals.
Trail of Tears
Long march of several native civilizations as they were forced to March from lands in the East across the Mississippi into the West
Action taken by Jackson in 1832 to destroy the Bank of the United States and help win re-election vs. Henry Clay.
Panic of 1837
Economic depression that was aided by the Specie Circular that required federal lands to bought with Gold and Silver.
State banks that the federal government placed its money in after Jackson vetoed the re-charter of the Bank of the United States in 1832.
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
Court ruled that the Cherokee nation was not a foreign nation with the right to sue in Federal Court (Indians lose, have to move west)
John C. Calhoun
Vice President under Jackson in first term. Led nullification crisis for the South in protesting the Tariffs.
President of the Bank of the United States
Secretary of Treasury under Jackson, helped Jackson create Pet Bank scheme
President of the U.S. 1829-1837, who led U.S. through Nullification crisis and was very unpopular with Native Americans.
Worcester v. Georgia
Ruled that the laws Georgia had no force within the boundaries of the Cherokee land and the Cherokee could not be required to move West.
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