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Terms in this set (100)
What is the fibrous membrane that surrounds the cavity containing the heart?
The body section that separates the body into superior and inferior portions?
The diaphragm is a partition between which two cavities?
thoracic and abdominopelvic
Which system has a primary role in exchange of O2 & CO2 gas?
Homeostasis refers to?
stable internal conditions
Rapid internal communication, coordination of motor control, and sensation are functions of the?
Which system eliminates wastes?
The serous membrane that covers the right kidney is referred to as the?
List 3 of the ten characteristics of life
Reproduction, growth, and development
What is anatomy?
Anatomy covers the human body structure
What is physiology?
Physiology covers the human body function
The nose is ______ to the ears?
The membrane that secretes a thick secretion and is associated with cavities that open to the outside of the body is called the _____ membrane?
The most common type of feedback system that is responsible for homeostatic control in the body is?
How many elements are known to be needed by living organisms?
Organic substances always contain the element?
The reaction of A+B = AB is an example of an?
Which substances compromise over 98.5% of the human body?
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus, calcium
Compounds that release H+ when placed in water are called?
The building blocks of proteins are?
Triglycerides are composed of?
1 glycerol molecule and 3 fatty acids
The process that occurs when a H+ is removed from one monomer and OH- is removed from another monomer to form water?
A solution with a pH of 8 is a ____ and contains ____ OH- than a neutral solution?
a base, more
What component of the nucleus has a positive charge?
The type of chemical bond that is easily disrupted by water, as when salt dissolves is?
Name the four nucleotides associated with DNA and indicate the complimentary base pairing
What is the optimal temperature for enzymes?
Function of catabolism?
Goes through decomposition, the breaking down of molecules.
Function of anabolism?
Goes through synthesis reaction which is building smaller molecules into larger.
List any two properties of water?
Cohesion and Adhesion
The stage of mitosis at which the sister chromatids separate from each other and begin to move toward the centrioles?
The passive mechanism that utilizes carrier molecules to allow movement of substances from areas of high concentration to low concentration is?
Proteins that extend into the lipid bilayer and serve as receptor proteins?
If a solution has a higher concentration of solutes than the body fluids it is said to be?
Active transport requires ____ and the expenditure of energy?
Vesicles that are formed during endocytosis are an action of the?
List the phases of mitosis in the correct order
Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase
Materials that are to be discharged by cells through the process of exocytosis are packaged by the?
Which of the following events occur during telophase?
Chromosomes gradually uncoil
Which of the following DOES NOT assist a cell in connecting to others?
Which of the following events occur during prophase?
Microtubules form the spindle apparatus
The superficial coating on the outer surface of the cell membrane that is composed of carbohydrate is called?
Macrophages engulf bacteria with pseudopodia by means of?
Which type of RNA binds free amino acids and delivers them to the ribosome?
The basic structure of the cell membrane can be described as a?
_____, which can be either free or fixed on the rough ER, converts information contained in the nucleic acid to peptides or proteins.
Structures contained in the cytoplasm that carry on specific functions within the cell are called?
Allows passage of small inorganic ions and lipid soluble materials
Involves the movement of water molecules across a membrane moving from areas of high concentration to low concentration
carrier molecules transport materials with their concentration gradients across a membrane
process whereby vesicles containing fluid or solid materials are created
process whereby ions and other materials are moved across a membrane by carrier molecules from a low to high concentration
A basement membrane occurs between?
epithelial and connective tissue
Tendons are composed of?
dense regular connective tissue
What are the functions of epithelial tissue?
Protection, Secretion, and Absorption
Connective tissues include all of the following except?
The tissue that usually has goblet cells and lines the passageways of the respiratory and reproductive systems is?
pseudostratified columnar epithelium
The tissue that lines the larger ducts of the mammary, sweat, and sperm-producing ducts is?
stratified cuboidal epithelium
A type of epithelium that lines the renal pelvis, ureters, and urinary bladder, and stretches to allow filling?
Line body cavities that open to the outside of the body & keep epithelial surfaces moist by secreting mucus
Basic nerve cells are called?
A muscle cell type that is considered to be involuntary is?
Smooth & cardiac muscle
What term would you use to describe a cell whose shape is thin, flat, and scaly, such as those found on the surface layer of the skin?
The type of connective tissue fiber that is very strong and forms tendons and ligaments is?
The most common type of exocrine gland?
The type of cartilage that forms developing bones?
programmed cell death
pathological death of tissue
The four primary tissues found in the body?
Connective, Muscular, Nervous, Epithelial
The subcutaneous layer is located?
beneath the dermis
The most widely distributed sweat gland on the body that responds to elevated body temperature is?
eccrine sweat gland
As cells are pushed from the deeper portion of the epidermis toward the surface ?
they become keratinized
Which of the following is not an accessory structure of the integument?
Apocrine sweat glands?
are most common in the armpits and groin
Order of epidermis from basement membrane to the surface?
Thick skin is found?
on the palms
Which of the following skin conditions would most likely result from liver failure?
The integumentary system includes all of the following except?
the subcutaneous tissue
Where does nail growth occur?
the nail matrix
Which of the following layers of the epidermis is where new skin cells are produced?
The condition of the skin that is characterized by a bluish tint caused by lack of oxygen in the blood is?
Which is most deadly?
Which genetically inherited condition results from an inability to produce melanin?
A second degree burn?
involves the epidermis and part of the dermis
The keratinized stratified squamous epithelium of the skin is called the?
The part of a hair that is located above the skin surface is the?
Three functions of the skin?
Thermoregulation, Water retention, Vitamin D synthesis
Which layer of the skin contains a papillary portion and a reticular portions?
Cells responsible for causing the various amounts of dark coloration seen in tissues of skin are called?
Which of the following is not a step in the formation of intramembranous bones?
Hyaline cartilage develops into the shape of the future bone
An osteoclast is a?
bone destroying cell
Spongy bone is made up of a network of bony spines called?
The connective tissue covering the outer surface of a bone is the
Endochondral ossification begins with?
Which of the following is an example of a long bone?
The divisions of the skeletal system include the?
axial and appendicular
The squamosal suture occurs between which bones?
Parietal and temporal
The dens is part of the?
Most bones develop from ?
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