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Civics chapter 4 coach Hal
Terms in this set (52)
Who dedicated the concept of limited government
System of government in which a written constitution divides the powers of government on a territorial basis between a central, or national, government and several regional governments, usually called states or provinces
Provides a division of powers, signing certain powers to the national government and certain powers to the states
Government of delegated powers, meaning that it only has those powers delegated to it in the constitution
What are the three types of delegated powers
1.)the expressed powers are those found directly within the constitution.
2.)the implied powers are not expressly stated in the constitution, but are reasonably suggested, or implied by, the expressed powers.
3.)the inherit powers belong to the national government because it is the government of a sovereign state within the world community.
What are the three ways that the national government gets denied
1.)the power to levy duties on exports or prohibits the freedom of religion, speech, press, or assembly
2.)the constitution is silent on the issue
3.)federal systems does not intend the national government to carry out those functions
What amendments states that the states are governments of reserved powers
Wh@t kind of powers are those that the constitution does not grant to the national government and does not, at the same time, deny to the states
Just as the constitution denies many powers to he national government it also denies many powers to the
Powers denied to the states are denied in much the same way that powers are denied to the
Powers that can be exercised by the national government along are known as the
Examples of exclusive powers are
1.)power to coin money
2.)to make treaties with foreign states
3.)to lay duties on imports
The powers that both the national government and the states possess and exercise
Examples of concurrent powers
1.)The power to levy and collect taxes
2.)to define crimes and set punishments for them
3.)to claim private property for public use.
How many units of local governments are in the U.S. today
What determines the way that powers are divided or shared between the national and state governments
Delegated powers of the national government
2.)regulate interstate and foreign trade
3.)raise and maintain armed forces
5.)govern US territories and admit new states
6.)conduct foreign relations
Reserved powers of the states
1.)regulate trade and business within the state
2.)establish public schools
3.)pass license requirements for professionals
4.)regulate alcoholic beverages
6.)establish local governments
1.)levy and collect taxes
4.)define crimes and set punishments
5.) claim private property for public use
What established the constitution and U.S. laws as the "supreme law of the land"
The supremacy clause
2.)Act's of Congress and treaties
5.)city and county charters and ordinances
The constitution requires the national government to "guarantee to every state in this union a republican form of government"
Republican form of government
The nations government is also required to provide defense of the states from foreign invasion, and aid in protecting against "domestic violence" on the states
Protection against invasion and internal disorder
The national government in constitutionally bound to respect the territorial integrity of each of the states
Respect for territorial integrity
Step 1 to disaster process
Local government responds. If over whelmed, turns to the state for assistance
Step 2 to disaster process
The state responds. With state resources, such as the national guard and state agencies
Step 3 to the disaster process
Damage assessment. By local, state, federal, and volunteer organizations
Step 4 to disaster process
A major disaster declaration. Is requested by the governor, based on damage assessment
Step 5 to disaster process
FEMA evacuates. The request and recommends action to the White House
Step 6 to disaster process
The president approves. The request or FEMA informs the governor it has been Denial
Who has the power to admit new states to the union
What is the act directing the people of the territory to frame a proposed state constitution
What is the act creating the new state
Act of admission
Even though the basis of federalism is the division of powers between levels of government, there is still much cooperation between them
Grants of federal money or other resources to the states, and/or their cities, counties, and other local units
Used between 1972 and 1987, gave an annual share of federal tax revenue to the states and their local governments
Made for some specific, closely defined purpose, such as school lunch programs or the construction or airports or water treatment plans.
Portions of money allocated to states to use for broader purposes
Provides to states, localities, and sometimes private agencies that apply to them
Who conducts national elections
State and local election officials
The legal process by which aliens can become citizens takes place in state, not federal, courts.
Those who commit federal crimes and are sought by the FBI are often picked up by who
State and local police officers
No state may enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation. Agreements among themselves and with foreign states
How many compacts are now in force, and range in a variety of uses from sharing law enforcement data to resource development and conservation
Of the constitution ensures that states recognize that laws, and documents and court proceedings of the other states
the full faith and credit clause.
What are the two exceptions for the full faith and credit clause
1.)one state can not enforce another states criminal laws
2.) full faith and credit need not be given to certain divorces granted by one state to residents of another state.
The legal process by which a fugitive from justice in one state is returned to that state.
Extradition is upheld through
Article 4, section 2, clause 2 of the constitution
Who are the state executives that handle the extradition process
No state can draw unreasonable distinction between its own residents and those persons who happen to live in other states.
The privileges and immunities clause
States cannot paw loser welfare benefits to newly arrives residents that it does to its
Long term residents
States can draw reasonable distinctions between its own residents and those of other states. Examples:
Such as charging out-of-state residents higher tuition for state universities than in-state residents
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