Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

terms to know

Robert Clive

East India Trading Company employee who became a military officer.
Defeated Muslim forces at Plassey and drove Dutch and French from Bengal.
Appointed governor of Bengal

Jawaharial Nehru

India's first prime minister and President of Muslim National Congress
High-caste Hindu and lawyer

Leo Tolstoy

Russian novelist
Ghandi studied his ideas on nonviolence

Queen Victoria

British Queen
Declared Empress of India in 1876 by British parliament

General Reginal Dyer


Henry David Throeau

American writer
Ghandi studied his writings about civil disobedience

Sir John A. R. Marriott

20th century British writer who wrote with pride about all the "accomplishments" Britain brought to India

Mohandas Gandhi


Mohammed Ali Jinnah


East India company





Hindu practice of offering human sacrifice to Kali-the goddess of destruction



Government of India Act 1909


Civil disobedience


Salt Law


princely states


representative consciousness


Muslim League


Rowlatt Acts



soul-force or soul-truth
a cornerstone of Ghandi's philosophy that converts an opponent through truth, love and self-sacrifice



Government of India Act of 1935



tax collectors under the Mogul ruler Akbar


Hindu custom of a widow committing suicide by throwing herself on the funeral pyre of her husband


Hindu and Muslim soldiers recruited by the East India Company. British commanders did not treat them as equals to European soldiers.
Responsible for the Sepoy Mutiny

National Congress Party


Communal Representation






Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording