APUSH Vocab Terms: Chapter 20 (American Pageant)
Terms in this set (25)
Lincoln sent in a "provision" to supply food for his troops. The Carolinians open fired at this on April 12th, 1861. This battle was basically the first shots of the Civil War.
These states were the states on the border of the Union and the Confederacy. They did have slaves but they didn't secede to the Confederacy; they stayed with the Union.
This regions held Southern settlers and thought an antislavery war was extremely unpopular. It took up the area of Illinois, Indiana, and South Ohio.
Billy Yank/Johnny Reb
This conflict was a brothers' war. Southerners came down from the North to help the Confederacy and Northerners from the South came up to help the Union.
Robert E. Lee
He was a first rate commander and General that embodied the Southern ideals. He worked to the Southerners advantage.
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
He was Lee's chief Lieutenant. He was a tactical theorist and a master of speed and deception.
King Wheat/King Corn
These acted as the monarchs of Northern agriculture. The North was blessed with ideal weather and produced potent and bountiful crops.
Britain had a surplus of cotton originally, but when they ran out they couldn't get any more from the South because they were fighting in the Civil War. This caused hunger and unemployment but eventually the Union and other countries sent relief food and cotton to Britain.
This was a British mail steamer that was stopped by a Union warship in the sea north of Cuba in late 1861. Two Confederates were removed from the Trent and this enraged the British. Lincoln eventually let the prisoners go though.
This was a ship that escaped to Portuguese Azores and took on weapons and crews of two British ships that had followed it in 1862. Britain was now the chief naval base of the Confederacy. They captured over 60 vessels and was eventually destroyed in 1864 by a Union ships.
These two Confederate warships were built to destroy the Union navy in 1863. But they were built in Great Britain. Britain went against its original plan to give the ships to the Confederates and bought the ships for their own Royal Navy.
Emperor of France and an Austrian Archduke. Napoleon sent Max to Mexico City as the new emperor, while completely violating the Monroe Doctrine. From 1863-1865 they took control in Mexico. But when the war ended, Napoleon left his dreams of Mexico and Max was killed by some crazy Mexicans.
He was the President of the Confederacy and he liked a well-knit central government. During the times of the Civil War he was always in hot water and people considered impeaching him.
These were the rights that would go to the states instead of a central government. This topic was damaging to both sides.
This stated that you must appear before a court and be told what your charges are before you go to jail and get arrested. Lincoln abused his rights as President and put people in jail for no reason at all.
Federal Conscription Law
This law made up the draft for the war when there weren't enough volunteers. (1863) This was unfair to the poor because the rich could pay their way out of it and hire substitutes.
NY Riot of 1863
A large Irish American mob pillaged through New York because they were angry with the draft. Many lives were lost.
This was a tax given where a certain percentage would be taken off of your income to be used and given to the government. This was the first time it was every used and it netted millions of dollars.
Morrill Tariff Act
It increase existing duties by 5-10 percent and it eventually increased even more. It was used for protective purposes.
This paper money was backed by the credibility of the government. It fluctuated with the fortunes of the Union arms and was with creeping inflation.
National Banking System
Authorized by Congress, this system of banks would issue money backed by them and would stimulate government bonds and it also designed a standard currency.
Southern presses continued to grind out the poorly backed notes which sank the dollar to worth about 1.6 cents.
This was reprocessed wool from Northern manufacturers that were being dishonest to get rich.
She was the first female physician and she helped to organize the U.S. sanitary Commission. She symbolized that women can step-up and help.
Clara Barton/Dorthea Dix
These nurses were dedicated and energetic and transformed nursing into a well-respected profession.
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