imperialism chapter 17
Terms in this set (34)
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
economy in a colony where the colonizing country removed raw materials and shipped them back home to benefit its own economy.
Alfred t. mahan
..., Author who argued in 1890 that the economic future of the United States rested on new overseas markets protected by a larger navy. Wrote "The Influence of Sea Power Upon History"
"Survival of the fittest"
Fredrick j. Turner
noted that the frontier had been closed by gradual settlement in the 19th century
A commodore in the American navy. He forced Japan into opening its doors to trade, thus brining western influence to Japan while showing American might.
the Hawaiian queen who was forced out of power by a revolution started by American business interests
A Cuban poet and journalist who launched a revolution against Spain.
A Quaker that founded Pennsylvania to establish a place where his people and others could live in peace and be free from persecution.
United States newspaper publisher whose introduction of large headlines and sensational reporting changed American journalism
A deliberately sensational journalism of scandal and exposure designed to attract an urban mass audience and increase advertising revenues.
a United States naval officer remembered for his victory at Manila Bay in the Spanish-American War
Emilio Aguinaldo was a Filipino leader who fought first against Spain and then against the United States. He was a leader in the fight for Filipino independence.
Volunteer regiment of US Cavalry led by Teddy Roosevelt during the Spanish American War
treaty of Paris
(1898) treaty that ended the Spanish American war. Provided that Cuba be free from Spain.
A hit-and-run technique used in fighting a war; fighting by small bands of warriors using tactics such as sudden ambushes
William Howard taft
(1908-1912), was endorsed by Roosevelt because he pledged to carry on progressive program, then he didn't appoint any Progressives to the Cabinet, actively pursued anti-trust law suits, appoints Richard Ballinger as Secretary of the Interior, Ballinger opposed conservation and favored business interests, Taft fires Gifford Pinchot (head of U.S. forestry), ran for re-election in 1912 but lost to Wilson
sphere of influence
A foreign region in which a nation has control over trade and other economic activities.
Secretary of State under McKinley and Roosevelt who pioneered the open-door policy and Panama canal
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by British troops.
open door policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
Russo Japanese war
A conflict that grew out of the rival imperialist ambitions of the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over Manchuria and Korea.
Agreement when Japan agreed to curb the number of workers coming to the US and in exchange Roosevelt agreed to allow the wives of the Japenese men already living in the US to join them
great white fleet
16 American battleships, painted white, sent around the world on a "peace mission" to display American naval power
(1900) act establishing a civil government for Puerto Rico, which was neither fully american nor fully independant. Also placed a tariff on Puerto Rican products coming into the US.
Legislation that severely restricted Cuba's sovereignty and gave the US the right to intervene if Cuba got into trouble
big stick diplomacy
The policy held by Teddy Roosevelt in foreign affairs. The "big stick" symbolizes his power and readiness to use military force if necessary. It is a way of intimidating countries without actually harming them.
..., a ship canal 40 miles long across the Isthmus of Panama built by the United States (1904-1914)
(TR) , Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force, first put into effect in Dominican Republic
Foreign policy created under President Taft that had the U.S. exchanging financial support ($) for the right to "help" countries make decisions about trade and other commercial ventures. Basically it was exchanging money for political influence in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Foreign policy proposed by President Wilson to condemn imperialism, spread democracy, and promote peace
FranCisco pancho villa
A popular leader during the Mexican Revolution. An outlaw in his youth, when the revolution started, he formed a cavalry army in the north of Mexico and fought for the rights of the landless in collaboration with Emiliano Zapata. (819)
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