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American Government, Unit Two - Documents part 2
Terms in this set (21)
Expresses reasons why Constitution was written. Establishes that the power of government comes from the people. This is the first part of the Constitution
This part of the Constitution sets up the Legislative Branch of government (Congress)
This part of the Constitution sets up the Executive Branch of government (Presidency)
This part of the Constitution sets up the Judicial Branch of government (Court system)
Article IV (4)
This part of the Constitution sets up the process for creating/admitting new states, and explains the relationship between state and national government / state rights
Article V (5)
This part of the Constitution states the Amendment making process
Article VI (6)
This part of the Constitution states that it is the Supreme Law of the land (nothing can go against what is in the Constitution)
Article VII (7)
This part of the Constitution deals with how to ratify the document (9 of the 13 states must approve it).
Bill of Rights
These were the first ten amendments to the Constitution, and were meant to protect individual freedoms.
This protects an individual's freedom of expression (RAPPS- Religion, Assembly, Press, Petition, Speech)
This protects an individual's right to bear arms
This says entering and staying in homes by soldiers is not allowed (Repeals the Quartering Act)
This protects individuals by stating that evidence cannot be taken without a search warrant (no unreasonable search and seizure)
This protects an individual's due process rights. One cannot be forced to testify against oneself. No double jeopardy.
This states that individuals accused of crimes are owed the right to counsel, the right to a speedy and public trial, and the right to confront a witness.
This gives the individual the right to civil cases with a jury trial (when one man is suing another)
This makes cruel and unusual and cruel punishment not allowed
This states that some individual rights not mentioned in the Constitution may still be protected
This states that all powers not given (delegated) to the federal government are then given to (reserved for) the states.
"The Great Charter"; a written legal agreement signed in 1215 that limited the English monarch's power
English Bill of Rights
1689 laws protecting the rights of English subjects and Parliament