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Respiration/Photosynthesis Biology vocabulary
Terms in this set (22)
Process that requires oxygen
Process that does not require oxygen
Bacteria that do not live or grow in the presence of oxygen
Adenosine triphosphate; one of the principle chemical compounds that living things use to store and release energy
The atoms, molecules, or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction. The REACTANTS for photosynthesis are carbon dioxide and water, while the PRODUCTS are glucose and oxygen.
Plant capable of synthesizing its own food from simple organic substances
Reactions of photosynthesis in which energy from ATP and NADPH is used to build high-energy compounds such as sugars
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and other food molecules in the presence of oxygen
Principal pigment of plants and other photosynthetic organisms; captures light energy
An organelle found in plant cells and some protist cells that absorbs sunlight and uses it in the process of photosynthesis
Electron Transport Chain (ETC)
A series of proteins in which the high-energy electrons from the Krebs cycle are used to convert ADP to ATP
Process by which cells release energy in the absence of oxygen
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a molecule of glucose is broken into two molecules of pyruvic acid
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also called a consumer
Reactions of photosynthesis that use energy from light to produce ATP and NADPH
Set of reactions in photosynthesis that do not require light; energy from ATP and NADPH is used to build high-energy compounds such as sugar; also called the Calvin Cycle
Lactic acid fermentation
Process by which cells convert pyruvic acid from glycolysis into lactic acid
An atom, molecule, or a compound that results from a chemical reaction. The REACTANTS for photosynthesis are carbon dioxide and water, while the PRODUCTS are glucose and oxygen.
Process by which plants and some other organisms use light energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugars and starches
The liquid-filled space around the thylakoids
A flatten membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to covert light energy into chemical energy; arranged in stacks called grana. Contains chlorophyll and other pigments.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 23: Plant Structure and Function
AP Human Geography Chapter 2
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