1,128 terms

CLC Stage 1 - 40 Combined

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

amicus
friend
ancilla
slave-girl, slave woman
cena
dinner
cibus
food
dominus
master
dormit
sleeps
gustat
tastes
intrat
enters
laetus
happy
laudat
praises
mensa
table
mercator
merchant
quoque
also, too
salutat
greets
toga
toga
tunica
tunic
atrium
atrium, reception hall
canis
dog
coquus
cook
cubiculum
bedroom
culina
kitchen
est
is
filius
son
hortus
garden
in
in, on
laborat
works, is working
mater
mother
pater
father
sedet
sits, is sitting
servus
slave
tablinum
study
triclinium
dining room
via
street
ad
to
bibit
drinks
circumspectat
looks around
clamat
shouts
ecce!
see! look!
et
and
exit
goes out
exspectat
waits for
forum
forum, business center
ianua
door
iratus
angry
leo
lion
magnus
big, large, great
navis
ship
non
not
portat
carries
respondet
replies
ridet
laughs, smiles
salve!
hello!
surgit
gets up, rises
taberna
store, shop, inn
videt
sees
villa
house
vinum
wine
agit
does
negotium agit
does business, works
anulus
ring
cera
wax, wax tablet
coquit
cooks
cur?
why?
e, ex
out of, from
ego
I
eheu!
alas! oh dear!
habet
has
inquit
says
iudex
judge
mendax
liar
pecunia
money
perterritus
terrified
poeta
poet
quaerit
searches for, looks for
quis?
who?
reddit
gives back
satis
enough
sed
but
signum
sign, seal, signal
tu
you
vendit
sells
vocat
calls
adest
is here
adsunt
are here
agricola
farmer
ambulat
walks
audit
hears, listens to
clamor
shout, uproar
contendit
hurries
currit
runs
euge!
hurrah!
fabula
play, story
fabulam agit
acts in a play
femina
woman
hodie
today
iuvenis
young man
meus
my, mine
multus
much
multi
many
optimus
very good, excellent, best
petit
heads for, attacks, seeks
plaudit
applauds, claps
puella
girl
senex
old man
spectat
looks at, watches
stat
stands
turba
crowd
ubi?
where?
urbs
city
venit
comes
abest
is out, is absent
aberat
was out, was absent
avarus
miser
bonus
good
emit
buys
erat
was
ferociter
fiercely
festinat
hurries
fortis
brave, strong
fur
thief
infans
baby, child
intente
intently
libertus
freedman, ex-slave
olim
once, some time ago
parvus
small, little
per
through
postquam
after, when
pulsat
hits, punches, whacks
quod
because
res
thing
scribit
writes
subito
suddenly
superat
overcomes, overpowers
tum
then
tuus
your, yours
vituperat
finds fault with, tells off, curses
cenat: cenavit
eats dinner, dines
centurio
centurion
conspicit: conspexit
catches sight of
cum
with
facit: fecit
makes, does
heri
yesterday
ingens
huge
intellegit: intellexit
understands
lacrimat: lacrimavit
cries, weeps
mortuus
dead
narrat: narravit
tells, relates
necat: necavit
kills
nihil
nothing
omnis
all
parat: paravit
prepares
pestis
pest, rascal
poculum
cup (often for wine)
procedit: processit
advances, proceeds
prope
near
pulcher
beautiful, handsome
rogat: rogavit
asks
tacite
quietly, silently
tamen
however
terret: terruit
frightens
umbra
ghost, shadow
valde
very much, very
agitat: agitavit
chases, hunts
consumit: consumpsit
eats
ducit: duxit
leads
eum
him
facile
easily
ferox
fierce, ferocious
gladius
sword
habitat: habitavit
lives
hic
this
ignavus
cowardly (also lazy in other contexts)
incitat: incitavit
urges on, encourages
nuntius
messenger
pes
foot, paw
porta
gate
postulat: postulavit
demands
puer
boy
pugnat: pugnavit
fights
recumbit: recubuit
lies down, reclines
saepe
often
sanguis
blood
silva
woods, forest
spectaculum
show, spectacle
statim
at once
totus
whole
agnoscit: agnovit
recognizes
celebrat: celebravit
celebrates
celeriter
quickly
civis
citizen
cupit: cupivit
wants
dat: dedit
gives
dies
day
dies natalis
birthday
emittit: emisit
throws, sends out
exercet: exercuit
exercises
fert: tulit
brings, carries
homo
person, man
hospes
guest
ille
that
inspicit: inspexit
looks at, inspects, examines
iterum
again
manet: mansit
remains, stays
medius
middle
mox
soon
notus
well-known, famous
offert: obtulit
offers
ostendit: ostendit
shows
paulisper
for a short time
post
after
revenit: revenit
comes back, returns
suus
his
tradit: tradidit
hands over
abit: abiit
goes away
accipit: accepit
accepts, receives
callidus
clever, smart
capit: cepit
takes
contenus
satisfied
exclamat: exclamavit
exclaims
frater
brother
imperium
empire
inimicus
enemy
invenit: invenit
finds
it: iit
goes
liber
book
nos
we
nuntiat: nuntiavit
announces
pax
peace
portus
harbor
quam
than, how
semper
always
sententia
opinion
servat: servavit
saves, protects
solus
alone, lonely
tacet: tacuit
is silent, is quiet
uxor
wife
vehementer
violently, loudly
vos
you (plural)
convenit: convenit
gathers, meets
credit: credidit (+DAT)
trusts, believes, has faith in
de
down from; about
favet: favit (+DAT)
favors, supports
gens
family
invitat: invitavit
invites
legit: legit
reads
liberalis
generous
minime!
no!
murus
wall
noster
our
nunc
now
placet: placuit (+DAT)
it pleases, suits
primus
first
promittit: promisit
promises
pugna
fight
rapit: rapuit
seizes, grabs
secundus
second
senator
senator
sollicitus
worried, anxious
stultus
stupid
tertius
third
utilis
useful
vale!
good-bye!
verberat: verberavit
strikes, beats
vir
man
amittit: amisit
loses
cinis
ash
complet: complevit
fills
custodit: custodivit
guards
densus
thick
epistula
letter
flamma
flame
fortiter
bravely
frustra
in vain
fugit: fugit
runs away, flees
fundus
farm
iacet: iacuit
lies
iam
now
igitur
therefore
incidit: incidit
falls
mirabilis
marvelous, strange, wonderful
mittit: misit
sends
mons
mountain
nubes
cloud
optime
very well
paene
nearly, almost
sentit: sensit
feels
tandem
at last
templum
temple
terra
ground, land
timet: timuit
is afraid, fears
unus
one
duo
two
tres
three
advenio, advenire, adveni
arrive
aedificium
building
aeger: aegrum
sick, ill
alter: alterum
the other, the second
canto, cantare, cantavi
sing
ceteri
the others, the rest
coniuratio: coniurationem
plot
custos: custodem
guard
decido, decidere, decidi
fall down
dico, dicere, dixi
say
excito, excitare, excitavi
arouse, wake up
fessus
tired
horreum
barn, granary
interficio, interficere, interfeci
kill
ita vero
yes
nolo, nolle, nolui
do not want, refuse
novus
new
nullus
not any, no
numero, numberare, numeravi
count
ordo: ordinem
row
possum, posse, potui
can, be able
retineo, retinere, retinui
keep
ruo, ruere, rui
rush
se
himself, herself, themselves
sum, esse, fui
be
traho, trahere, traxi
drag
vita
life
volo, velle, volui
want
vulnero, vulnerare, vulneravi
wound
aliquid
something
apud (+ACC)
among, at the house of
attonitus
astonished
aula
palace
cotidie
every day
decorus
right, proper
deleo, delere, delevi
destroy
deus [dei, di (nom. pl.)]
god
difficilis
difficult
diligenter
carefully
domina
mistress
donum
present, gift
familiaris: familiarem
relative, relation
fidelis
faithful, loyal
ipse, ipsa
himself, herself
iste
that
lavo, lavare, lavi
wash
maritus
husband
necesse
necessary
nobilis: nobilem
noble
num?
surely... not?
quam
how
quamquam
although
-que
and
rex: regem
king
ubi
when
alius, alia, aliud
other, another
aqua, f.
water
claudo, claudere, clausi
shut, block
commodus, commoda, commodum
convenient
debeo, debere, debui
owe, ought
effigies: effigiem, f.
image, statue
equus, m.
horse
etiam
even
fractus, fracta, fractum
broken
impedio, impedire, impedivi
delay, hinder
lectus, m.
couch
lente
slowly
mare, n.
sea
miser, misera, miserum
miserable, wretched
nauta, m.
sailor
plaustrum, n.
wagon, cart
praesum, praeesse, praefui (+DAT)
be in charge of
princeps: principem, n.
chief, chieftain
qui, quae, quod
who, which
redeo, redire, redii
return, go back
sacerdos: sacerdotem, m.
priest
saxum, n.
rock
teneo, tenere, tenui
hold
unda, f.
wave
vinco, vincere, vici
win
aedificio, aedificare, aedificavi
build
auxilium, n.
help
consentio, consentire, consensi
agree
consilium, n.
plan, idea
deinde
then
delecto, delectare, delectavi
delight
derideo, deridere, derisi
mock, make fun of
dimitto, dimittere, dimisi
send away, dismiss
effugio, effugere, effugi
escape
faber, fabrum, m.
craftsman
flos, florem, m.
flower
imperator, imperatorem, m.
emperor
inter (+ACC)
among
ita
in this way
melior, melior, melius
better
navigo, navigare, navigavi
sail
nonne?
surely?
paratus, parata, paratum
ready, prepared
pereo, perire, perii
die, perish
pono, ponere, posui
place, put
postridie
on the next day
punio, punire, punivi
punish
simulac, simulatque
as soon as
summus, summa, summum
highest, greatest, top
supersum, superesse, superfui
survive
tollo, tollere, sustuli
raise, lift up
verto, vertere, verti
turn
a, ab (+ABL)
from, away from
agmen, agminis, n.
column (of people), procession
animus, animi, m.
spirit, soul, mind
appropinquo, appropinquare, appropinquavi (+DAT)
approach, come near to
ara, arae, f.
altar
bene
well
benignus, benigna, benignum
kind
diu
for a long time
exanimatus, exanimata, exanimatum
unconscious
facilis, facilis, facile
easy
graviter
seriously
haereo, haerere, haesi
stick, cling
huc
here, to this place
impetus, impetus, m.
attack
insule, insulae, f.
island
invitus, invita, invitum
unwilling
itaque
and so
litus, litoris, n.
shore
maximus, maxima, maximum
very big, very large, very great
multitudo, multitudinis, f.
crowd
numquam
never
pauci, paucae, pauca
few, a few
pervenio, pervenire, perveni
reach, arrive at
quondam
one day, once
recipio, recipere, recepi
recover, tack back
resisto, resistere, restiti (+DAT)
resist
sine (+ABL)
without
soleo, solere
be accustomed, usually
audeo, audere
dare
caput, capitis, n.
head
coepi
I began
cognosco, cognoscere, cognovi
get to know, find out
consisto, consistere, constiti
stand one's ground, stand firm
dea, deae, f.
goddess
demonstro, demonstrare, demonstravi
point out, show
discedo, discedere, discessi
depart, leave
fortasse
perhaps
frango, frangere, fregi
break
ibi
there
libenter
gladly
manus, manus, f.
hand
miles, militis, m.
soldier
nam
for
nemo
no one
nox, noctis, f.
night
obsto, obstare, obstiti (+DAT)
obstruct, block the way
pars, partis, f.
part
peto, petere, petivi
beg for, ask for
postea
afterwards
postremo
finally, lastly
praesidium, praesidii, n.
protection
pro (+ABL)
in front of
quo?
where? where to?
recuso, recusare, recusavi
refuse
sacer, sacra, sacrum
sacred
saevio, saevire, saevii
be in a rage
amo, amare, amavi
love, like
caedo, caedere, cecidi
kill
carus, cara, carum
dear
castigo, castigare, castigavi
scold, nag
cogito, cogitare, cogitavi
think, consider
comparo, comparare, comparavi
obtain
conficio, conficere, confeci
finish
curo, curare, curavi
look after
dulcis, dulcis, dulce
sweet
filia, filiae, f.
daughter
fluo, fluere, fluxi
flow
forte
by chance
gratias ago
I thank, give thanks
hasta, hastae, f.
spear
illuc
there, to that place
iter, itineris, n.
journey
locus, loci, m.
place
mane
in the morning
neglegens, neglegens, neglegens, gen. neglegentis
careless
novi
I know
periculum, periculi, n.
danger
plurimus, plurima, plurimum
very much
plurimi, plurimae, plurima
very many
posco, poscere, poposci
demand, ask for
sonitus, sonitus, m.
sound
tot
so many
umerus, umeri, m.
shoulder
vexo, vexare, vexavi
annoy
vivo, vivere, vixi
live
vix
hardly, scarcely
vox, vocis, f.
voice
adeo, adire, adii
go up to, approach
arcesso, arcessere, arcessivi
summon, send for
ars, artis, f.
art
auris, auris, f.
ear
colloco, collocare, collocavi
place, put
crudelis, crudelis, crudele
cruel
denique
at last, finally
despero, desperare, desperavi
despair
doctus, docta, doctum
learned, clever
domus, domus, f.
home
infero, inferre, intuli
bring in, bring on
irrumpo, irrumpere, irrupi
burst in
latus, lata, latum
wide
libero, liberare, liberavi
free, set free
luna, lunae, f.
moon
mors, mortis, f.
death
oculus, oculi, m.
eye
persuadeo, persuadere, persuasi (+DAT)
persuade
pessimus, pessima, pessimum
very bad, worst
preces, precum, f. pl.
prayers
relinquo, relinquere, relinqui
leave
remedium, remedii, n.
cure
sermo, sermonis, m.
conversation
sicut
like
tam
so
tempto, temptare, temptavi
try
vulnus, vulneris, n.
wound
unus, una, unum
one
duo, duae, duo
two
tres, tres, tria
three
quattuor
four
quinque
five
sex
six
septem
seven
octo
eight
novem
nine
decem
ten
viginti
twenti
triginta
thirty
quadraginta
forty
quinquaginta
fifty
a, ab (+ABL)
by
adiuvo, adiuvare, adiuvi
help
annus, anni, m.
year
ascendo, ascendere, ascendi
climb, rise
barbarus, barbari, m.
barbarian
celo, celare, celavi, celatus
hide
circum (+ACC)
around
confido, confidere (+DAT)
trust
deicio, deicere, deieci, deiectus
throw down
durus, dura, durum
harsh, hard
efficio, efficere, effeci, effectus
carry out, accomplish
extraho, extrahere, extraxi, extractus
drag out, pull out
fons, fontis, m.
fountain, spring
gravis, gravis, grave
heavy, serious
haruspex, haruspicis, m.
diviner, soothsayer
hora, horae, f.
hour
infelix, infelix, infelix, gen. infelicis
unlucky
iubeo, iubere, iussi, iussus
order
morbus, morbi, m.
illness
nonnulli, nonnullae, nonnulla
some, several
nuper
recently
occupatus, occupata, occupatum
busy
oppidum, oppidi, n.
town
peritus, perita, peritum
skillful
plenus, plena, plenum
full
plus, pluris, n.
more
pretium, pretii, n.
price
sapiens, sapiens, sapiens, gen. sapientis
wise
suscipio, suscipere, suscepi, susceptus
undertake, take on
unde
from where
adeptus, adepta, adeptum
having received, having obtained
amor, amoris, m.
love
aureus, aurea, aureum
golden, made of gold
avide
eagerly
caelum, caeli, n.
sky
decipio, decipere, decepi, deceptus
deceive, trick
dirus, dira, dirum
dreadful, awful
dissentio, dissentire, dissensi
disagree
eligo, eligere, elegi, electus
choose
exitium, exitii, n.
ruin, destruction
fundo, fundere, fudi, fusus
pour
hostis, hostis, m.
enemy
iacto, iactare, iactavi, iactatus
throw
incipio, incipere, incepi, inceptus
begin
ingressus, ingressa, ingressum
having entered
inicio, inicere, inieci, iniectus
throw in
lacrima, lacrimae, f.
tear
minimus, minima, minimum
very little, least
molestus, molesta, molestum
troublesome
moneo, monere, monui, monitus
warn, advise
parco, parcere, peperci (+DAT)
spare
precatus, precata, precatum
having prayed (to)
prudentia, prudentiae, f.
prudence, good sense
quantus, quanta, quantum
how big
quo modo?
how?
tardus, tarda, tardum
late
tutus, tuta, tutum
safe
verbum, verbi, n.
word
virtus, virtutis, f.
courage
vito, vitare, vitavi, vitatus
avoid
administro, administrare, administravi
manage
cedo, cedere, cessi
give in, give way
commemoro, commemorare, commemoravi, commemoratus
mention, recall
conspicatus, conspicata, conspicatum
having caught sight of
cura, curae, f.
care
enim
for
erro, errare, erravi
make a mistake
gero, gerere, gessi, gestus
wear
honor, honoris, m.
honor
iacio, iacere, ieci, iactus
throw
immotus, immota, immotum
still, motionless
ingenium, ingenii, n.
character
locutus, locuta, locutum
having spoken
magnopere
greatly
magis
more, rather
maxime
very greatly, most of all
mandatum, mandati, n.
instruction, order
modus, modi, m.
manner, way, kind
res huius modi
a thing of this kind
nimium, nimii, n.
too much
orno, ornare, ornavi, ornatus
decorate
pareo, parere, parui (+DAT)
obey
potens, potens, potens, gen. potentis
powerful
pravus, prava, pravum
evil
regressus, regressa, regressum
having returned
scio, scire, scivi
know
talis, talis, tale
such
tamquam
as, like
umquam
ever
venenum, veneni, n.
poison
venia, veniae, f.
mercy
auctoritas, auctoritatis, f.
authority
audax, audax, audax, gen. audacis
bold, daring
carcer, carceris, m.
prison
colloquium, colloquii, n.
talk, chat
comprehendo, comprehendere, comprehendi, comprehensus
arrest
conscendo, conscendere, conscendi
climb on, mount
cum
when
descendo, descendere, descendi
go down, come down
desero, deserere, deserui, desertus
desert
egressus, egressa, egressum
having gone out
eques, equitis, m.
horseman
flumen, fluminis, n.
river
humi
on the ground
infestus, infesta, infestum
hostile
interea
meanwhile
neque ... neque
neither ... nor
nusquam
nowhere
oppugno, oppugnare, oppugnavi, oppugnatus
attack
passus, passa, passum
having suffered
patefacio, patefacere, patefeci, patefactus
reveal
perfidus, perfida, perfidum
treacherous, untrustworthy
pons, pontis, m.
bridge
ripa, ripae, f.m
river bank
tantum
only
transeo, transire, transii
cross
tristis, tristis, triste
sad
verum, veri, n.
the truth
accido, accidere, accidi
happen
aliquis
someone
aperio, aperire, aperui, apertus
open
autem
but
captivus, captivi, m.
prisoner, captive
castra, castrorum, n. pl.
military camp
cogo, cogere, coegi, coactus
force, compel
depono, deponere, deposui, depositus
put down, take off
desino, desinere
end, cease
dignitas, dignitatis, f.
importance, prestige
diligentia, diligentiae, f.
industry, hard work
explico, explicare, explicavi, explicatus
explain
extra (+ACC)
outside
furens, furens, furens, gen. furentis
furious, in a rage
haesito, haesitare, haesitavi
hesitate
immemor, immemor, immemor, gen. immemoris
forgetful
immortalis, immortalis, immortale
immortal
di immortales!
heavens above!
laedo, laedere, laesi, laesus
harm
lateo, latere, latui
lie hidden
legio, legionis, f.
legion
nescio, nescire, nescivi
not know
nomen, nominis, n.
name
os, oris, n.
face
poena, poenae, f.
punishment
poenas dare
pay the penalty, be punished
rursus
again
scelestus, scelesta, scelestum
wicked
statio, stationis, f.
post
suavis, suavis, suave
sweet
testis, testis, m. f.
witness
accuso, accusare, accusavi, accusatus
accuse
aufero, auferre, abstuli, ablatus
take away, stael
bellum, belli, n.
war
bellum gerere
wage war, campaign
cohors, cohortis, f.
cohort
colligo, colligere, collegi, collectus
gather, collect
commotus, commota, commotum
moved, excited, upset
doceo, docere, docui, doctus
teach
facinus, facinoris, n.
crime
falsus, falsa, falsum
false, dishonest
fides, fidei, f.
loyality, trustworthiness
insanus, insans, insanum
crazy, insane
instruo, instruere, instruxi, instructus
draw up
legatus, legati, m.
commander
num
whether
occupo, occupare, occupavi, occupatus
seize, take over
oportet
it is right
me oportet
I must
perfidia, perdidiae, f.
treachery
praebeo, praebere, praebui, praebitus
provide
principia, principiorum, n. pl.
headquarters
provincip, provinciae, f.
province
quot?
how many?
refero, referre, rettuli, relatus
bring back, deliver
regnum, regni, n.
kingdom
saevus, saeva, saevum
savage, cruel
sane
obviously
si
if
tribunus, tribuni, m.
tribune (high-ranking officer)
ultimus, ultima, ultimum
furthest
ut
that, in order that
adeo
so much, so greatly
adventus, adventus, m.
arrival
antea
before
appareo, apparere, apparui
appear
ardeo, ardere, arsi
burn, be on fire
certamen, certaminis, n.
struggle, contest, fight
comes, comitis, m.f.
comrade, companion
decet
it is proper
me decet
I ought
fax, facis, f.
torch
gaudeo, gaudere
be pleased, rejoice
ignarus, ignara, ignarum
not knowing, unaware
impero, imperare, imperavi (+DAT)
order, command
incendo, incendere, incendi, incensus
burn, set fire to
insidiae, insidiarum, f. pl.
trap, ambush
iocus, ioci, m.
joke
iussum, iussi, n.
order
manus, manus, f.
band (of men)
noceo, nocere, nocui (+DAT)
hurt
occurro, occurrere, occurri (+DAT)
meet
osculum, osculi, n.
kiss
praeceps, praeceps, praeceps, gen. praecipitis
headlong
praemium, praemii, n.
prize, reward
proximus, proxima, proximum
nearest
qualis, qualis, quale
what sort of
silentium, silentii, n.
silence
sub (+ABL or ACC)
under, beneath
tacitus, tacita, tacitum
silent
taedet
it is tiring
me taedet
I am tired, I am bored
tantus, tanta, tantum
so great, such a great
ac, atque
and
arrogantia, arrogantiae, f.
arrogance, gall
augeo, augere, auxi, auctus
increase
beneficium, beneficii, n.
act of kindness
constituo, constituere, constitui, constitutus
decide
corpus, corporis, n.
body
diligo, diligere, dilexi, dilectus
be fond of
doleo, dolere, dolui
hurt, be in pain
gemitus, gemitus, m.
groan
heres, heredis, m. f.
heir
ira, irae, f.
anger
lingua, linguae, f.
tongue
malus, mala, malum
evil, bad
mando, mandare, mandavi, mandatus
order, entrust, hand over
metus, metus, m.
fear
mille
a thousand
milia, milium, n. pl.
thousands
multo
much
occido, occidere, occidi, occisus
kill
opes, opum, f. pl.
money, wealth
pallidus, pallida, pallidum
pale
praeficio, praeficere, praefeci, praefectus
put in charge
quisquam, quidquam/quicquam
anyone, anything
sic
thus, in this way
solvo, solvere, solvi, solutus
loosen, untie
spes, spei, f.
hope
suspicatus, suspicata, suspicatum
having suspected
testamentum, testamenti, n.
will
ut
as
ventus, venti, m.
wind
sexaginta
sixty
septuaginta
seventy
octoginta
eighty
nonaginta
ninety
centum
a hundred
ducenti, ducentae, ducenta
two hundred
aliquando
sometimes
alius ... alius
one ... another
alii ... alii
some ... others
amplexus, amplexa, amplexum
having embraced
audacia, audaciae, f.
boldness, audacity
carmen, carminis, n.
song
circumbenio, circumbenire, circumveni, circumventus
surround
corona, coronae, f.
garland, wreath
cursus, cursus, m.
course, flight
defessus, defessa, defessum
exhausted, tired out
dolor, doloris, m.
grief, pain
ferrum, ferri, n.
iron, sword
indeco, indecere, incessi
march, stride
liberi, liberorum, m. pl.
children
lux, lucis, f.
light, daylight
malo, malle, malui
prefer
obscurus, obscura, obscurum
dark, gloomy
odi
I hate
perficio, perficere, perfeci, perfectus
finish
populus, populi, m.
people
prius
earlier
quies, quietis, f.
rest
reduco, reducere, reduxi, reductus
lead back
salus, salutis, f.
safety, health
scelus, sceleris, n.
crime
servio, servire, servivi
serve (as a slave)
sors, sortis, f.
lot
sperno, spernere, sprevi, spretus
despise, reject
undique
on all sides
vester, vestra, vestrum
your (plural)
vivus, viva, vivum
alive, living
adhuc
until now
afficio, afficere, affeci, affectus
affect, overcome
ambo, ambae, ambo
both
consulo, consulere, consului, consultus
consult
creo, creare, creavi, creatus
make, create
demitto, demittere, demisi, demissus
let down, lower
dives, dives, dives, gen. divitis
rich
divitiae, divitiarum, f. pl.
riches
dubium, dubii, n.
doubt
exstruo, exstruere, exstruxi, exstructus
build
festus, festa, festum
festive, holiday
iniuria, iniuriae, f.
injustice, injury
ludus, ludi, m.
game
magister, magistri, m.
master, foreman
natus, nata, natum
born
nimis
too
omnino
completely
opus, operis, n.
work, construction
pallesco, pallescere, pallui
grow pale
pavor, pavoris, m.
panic, terror
praesto, praestare, praestiti
show, display
praeterea
besides
quare?
why?
sedes, sedis, f.
seat
sepulcrum, sepulcri, n.
tomb
sol, solis, m.
sun
soror, sororis, f.
sister
strepitus, strepitus, m.
noise, din
tgempestas, tempestatis, f.
storm
timor, timoris, m.
fear
altus, alta, altum
high, deep
angustus, angusta, angustum
narrow
ante (+ACC)
before, in front of
catena, catenae, f.
chain
cliens, clientis, m.
client
dux, ducis, m.
leader
favor, favoris, m.
favor
fraus, fraudis, f.
trick
haudquaquam
not at all
idem, eadem, idem
the same
mos, moris, m.
custom
neglego, neglegere, neglexi, neglectus
neglect
oro, orare, oravi
beg
patronus, patroni, m.
patron
praeco, praeconis, m.
herale
praetereo, praeterire, praeterii
pass by, go past
progressus, progressa, progressum
having advanced
publicus, publica, publicum
public
rationes, rationum, f. pl.
accounts
reficio, reficere, refeci, refectus
repair
seco, secare, secui, sectus
cut
serenus, serena, serenum
calm, clear
spero, sperare, speravi
hope, expect
superbus, superba, superbum
arrogant, proud
tempus, temporis, n.
time
ubique
everywhere
vincio, vincire, vinxi, vinctus
bind, tie up
volvo, volvere, volvi, volutus
turn
in animo volvere
wonder, tun over in the mind
vultus, vultus, m.
expression, face
addo, addere, addidi, additus
add
adversus, adversa, adversum
hostile, unfavorable
res adversae, f. pl.
misfortune
aequus, aequa, aequum
fair, calm
aequo animo
calmly, in a calm spirit
avis, avis, f.
bird
casus, casus, m.
misfortune
compono, componere, composui, compositus
put together, arrange, settle
conatus, conata, conatum
having tried
conduco, conducere, conduxi, conductus
hire
converto, convertere, converti, conversus
turn
effundo, effundere, effundi, effusus
pour out
identidem
repeatedly
ignosco, ignoscere, ignovi (+DAT)
forgive
labor, laboris, m.
work
libertas, libertatis, f.
freedom
ne ... quidem
not even
nihilominus
nevertheless
opprimo, opprimere, oppressi, oppressus
crush, overwhelm
otiosus, otiosa, otiosum
at leisure, idle, on holiday, on vacation
pauper, pauper, pauper, gen. pauperis
poor
permotus, permota, permotum
alarmed, disturbed
profectus, profecta, profectum
having set out
quia
because
quidam, quaedam, quoddam
one, a certain
scindo, scindere, scidi, scissus
tear, tear up, cut up
secutus, secuta, secutum
having followed
strenue
hard, energetically
subvenio, subvenire, subveni
help, come to help
sumptuosus, sumptuosa, sumptuosum
expensive, lavish, costly
verus, vera, verum
true, real
re vera
in fact, truly, really
acriter
keenly, fiercely
at
but
brevis, brevis, breve
short, brief
certo, certare, certavi
complete
conicio, conicere, conieci, coniectus
hurl, throw
contra (+ACC)
against, on the other hand
cras
tomorrow
eicio, eicere, eieci, eiectus
throw out
et ... et
both ... and
excipio, excipere, excepi, exceptus
receive
fuga, fugae, f.
escape
hic
here
leniter
gently
moveo, movere, movi, motus
move
nisi
except, unless
opstupefacio, obstupefacere, obstupefeci, obstupefactus
amaze, stun
odio sum, odio esse
be hateful
potestas, potestatis, f.
power
regina, reginae, f.
queen
severus, severa, severum
severe, strict
tectum, tecti, n.
ceiling, roof
utrum
whether
primus, prima, primum
first
secundus, secunda, secundum
second
tertius, tertia, tertium
third
quartus, quarta, quartum
fourth
quintus, quinta, quintum
fifth
sextus, sexta, sextum
sisth
septimus, septima, septimum
seventh
octavus, octava, octavum
eighth
nonus, nona, nonum
ninth
decimus, decima, decimum
tenth
auctor, auctoris, m.
creator, originator
me auctore
at my suggestion
damno, damnare, damnavi, damnatus
condemn
dum
while, until
exstinguo, exstinguere, exstinxi, exstinctus
extinguish, put out, destroy
gaudium, gaudii, n.
joy
haud
not
immineo, imminere, imminui (+DAT)
hang over
indicium, indicii, n.
sign, evidence
modo
just
obviam eo, obviam ire, obviam ii (+DAT)
meet, go to meet
pendeo, pendere, pependi
hang
priusquam
before, until
procul
far
quasi
as if
tenebrae, tenebrarum, f. pl.
darkness
ultio, ultionis, f.
revenge
bel
or
vestimenta, vestimentorum, n. pl.
clothes
adipiscor, adipisci, adeptus sum
obtain
amplector, amplecti, amplexus sum
embrace
comitor, comitari, comitatus sum
accompany
conor, conari, conatus sum
try
conspicor, conspicari, conspicatus sum
catch sight of
egredior, egredi, egressus sum
go out
hortor, hortari, hortatus sum
encourage, urge
ingredior, ingredi, ingressus sum
enter
loquor, loqui, loctus sum
speak
morior, mori, mortuus sum
die
nascor, nasci, natus sum
be born
patior, pati, passus sum
suffer
precor, precari, precatus sum
pray (to)
proficisor, proficisci, profectus sum
set out
regredior, regredi, regressus sum
go back, return
revertor, reverti, reversus sum
turn back, return
sequor, sequi, secutus sum
follow
ager, agri, m.
field
an
or
caveo, cavere, cavi, cautus
to beware
curae esse
to be a matter of concern
ideo
for this reason
ideo.... quod
for the reason that, because
inde
then
insum, inesse, infui
to be in, to be inside
mentior, mentiri, mentitus sum
to lie, to tell a lie
meritus, merita, meritum
deserved, well deserved
moror, morari, moratus sum
to delay
officium, officii, n.
duty
puto, putare, putavi, putatus
to think
quando?
when?
quidem
indeed
quotiens
whenever
recte
rightly, properly
relego, relegare, relegavi, relegatus
to exile
rus, ruris, n.
country, countryside
ruri
in the country
simul
at the same time
supplicium, supplicii, n.
punishment, penalty
vicinus, vicini, m.
neighbor
virgo, virginis, f.
virgin, unmarried woman
animadverto, animadvertere, animadverti, animadversus
to notice, to take notice of
arma, armorum, n., pl.
arms, weapons
causa, causae, f.
reason, cause
discipulus, discipuli, m.
student, pupil
dono, donare, donavi, donatus
to give
extremus, extrema, extremum
farthest
finis, finis, m.
end
furor, frui, fructus sum (+ abl.)
to enjoy
ignis, ignis, m.
fire
irascor, irasci, iratus sum ( + dat.)
to become angry with
miror, mirari, miratus sum
to admire, to wonder at
ne
that... not, in order that.... not
niger, nigra, nigrum
black
offendo, offendere, offendi, offensus
to displace, to offend
par, paris
equal
plerique, pleraeque, pleraque
most, the majority
praesens, praesentis
present, ready
praesertim
especially
praeter ( + acc)
except
recito, recitare, recitavi, recitatus
to recite, to read aloud
regio, regionis, f.
region
tango, tangere, tetigi, tactus
to touch
vacuus, vacua, vacuum
empty
vetus, veteris
old
aestas, aestatis, f.
summer
amplius
more fully, at greater length
amplissimus, amplissima, amplissimum
very great
aurum, auri, n.
gold
complures, complures, complura
several
coniunx, coniugis, m. or f.
wife, spouse
copiae, copiarum, f., pl.
troops, forces
culpo, culpare, culpavi, culpatus
to blame
dignus, digna, dignum
worthy, appropriate
disco, discere, didici
to learn
divus, diva, divum
divine
dubito, dubitare, dubitavi, dubitatus
to hesitate, to doubt
elatus, elata, elatum
excited, carried away
exemplum, exempli, n.
example
exercitus, exercitus, m.
army
fio, feri, factus sum
to become, to be made, to happen
inanis, inanis, inane
empty, meaningless
incensus, incensa, incensum
inflamed, angered
initium, initii, n.
beginning
invideo, invidere, invidi, invisus (+ dat.)
to envy, to be jealous of
obliviscor, oblivisci, oblitus sum
to forget
occasio, occasionis, f.
opportunity
odium, odii, n.
hatred
patria, patriae, f.
country, homeland
paulo
a little
perturbo, perturbare, perturbavi, perturbatus
to alarm, to disturb
praefectus, praefecti, m.
commander
proelium, proelii, n.
battle
revoco, revocare, revocavi, revocatus
to recall, to call back
satis constat
it is generally agreed
securus, secura, securum
without a care
validus, valida, validum
strong
aptus, apta, aptum
suitable
bracchium, bracchii, n.
arm
certus, certa, certum
certain, infallible
pro certo habere
to know for certain
clam
secretly, in private
commendo, commendare, commendavi, commendatus
to recommend
confectus, confecta, confectum
worn out, exhausted, overcome
dextra, dextrae, f.
right hand
eripio, eripere, eripui, ereptus
to rescue, to snatch away
familia, familiae, f.
household
gratus, grata, gratum
acceptable, pleasing
ignoro, ignorare, ignoravi, ignoratus
to not know about
intra (+ACC.)
inside
iungo, iungere, iunxi, iunctus
to join
lex, legis, f.
law
limen, liminis, n.
threshold, doorway
mens, mentis, f.
mind
nubo, nubere, nupsi, nuptus (+ DAT.)
to marry
orior, oriri, ortus sum
to rise, to arise
polliceor, polliceri, pollicitus sum
to promise
pontifex, pontificis, m.
priest
prohibeo, prohibere, prohibui, prohibitus
to prevent
queror, queri, questus sum
to lament, to complain about
rego, regere, rexi, rectus
to rule
trans (+ ACC.)
across
unguo, unguere, unxi, unctus
to anoint, to smear
vereor, vereri, veritus sum
to be afraid, to fear
vero
indeed
vestis, vestis, f.
clothing
arbor, arboris, f.
tree
aut
or
cado, cadere, cecidi, casus
to fall
campus, campi, m.
plain
capilli, capillorum, m., pl.
hair
discrimen, discriminis, n.
dividing line, crisis
ergo
therefore
fallo, fallere, fefelli, falsus
to deceive, to escape notice of, to slip by
fragor, fragoris, m.
crash
genus, generis, n.
race
hinc
from here, then, next
iuvo, iuvare, iuvi, iutus
to help, to assist
littera, litterae, f.
letter of the alphabet
litterae, litterarum, f., pl.
letter (correspondence), letters
mensis, mensis, m.
month
oratio, orationis, f.
speech
perdo, perdere, perdidi, perditus
to destroy, to lose
respicio, respicere, respexi, respectus
to look back, to look up
simulo, simulare, simulavi, simulatus
to pretend
spargo, spargere, sparsi, sparsus
to scatter
stilus, stili, m.
pen, stylus
studium, studii, n.
enthusiasm, study
supra (+ acc.)
over, on top of
ullus, ulla, ullum
any
adversus (+acc.)
against
affirmo, affirmare, affirmavi, affirmatum
to declare
amicitia, amicitiae, f.
friendship
auxilio esse
to be a help, be helpful
consul, consulis, m.
consul (senior magistrate)
crimen, criminis, n.
charge
curia, curiae, f.
senate-house
demum
at last
tum demum
then at last, only then
exilium, exilii, n.
exile
existimo, existimare, existimavi, existimatum
to think, to consider
fama, famae, f.
rumor
fingo, fingere, finxi, fictum
to pretend
floreo, florere, florui
flourish
interim
meanwhile
invidia, invidiae, f.
jealousy, envy, unpopularity
levis, levis, leve
light, slight trivial
meditor, meditari, meditatus sum
to consider
minor, minari, minatus sum
to threaten
muto, mutare, mutavi, mutatum
change
obicio, obicere, obieci, obiectum
present, put in the way of, expose to
probo, probare, probavi, probatum
prove
prodo, prodere, prodidi, proditum
betray
similis, similis, simile
similar
socius, socii, m.
companion, partner
suadeo, suadere, suasi, suasum (+DAT)
to advise, to suggest
tumultus, tumultus, m.
riot
utor, uti, usus sum (+ABL)
to use
videor, videri, visus sum
to seem