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American History 2 Midterm Review
Terms in this set (24)
Explain the Columbian Exchange
the global transfer of plants, animals, and diseases that occurred during the European colonization of the Americas
What effect did the Columbian Exchange have on the Aztecs, Incas, and Tribes of the SW USA?
There was transmission of African populations into slavery and the exchange of diseases between the Old and New world
What was the Virginia House of Burgesses?
the first assembly of elected representatives of English colonists in North America.
Why was Pennsylvania established?
Religious freedom for Quakers
Why was Massachusetts founded?
Religious freedom for Puritans
Why was Connecticut founded?
Expand trade; religious and political freedom
Why was Rhode Island founded?
so people could freely practice different religions.
Why was Georgia established?
Refuge for debtors; buffer against Spanish Florida
Why was Maryland established?
Explain William Penn's "Holy Experiment"
When Pennsylvania beloved all cultures and relations could live together peacefully
Why was life under Puritan rule very difficult for most settlers?
because of their attempts to purify the church and their own lives
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
An uprise in 1676 in the Virginia Colony in North America, led by Nathaniel Bacon. About a thousand Virginians rose because they resented Virginia Governor William Berkeley's friendly policies towards the Native Americans.
What was the purpose of the 13 colonies?
They provided an outlet for England's surplus population and more religious freedom than England did, but their primary purpose was to make money for their sponsors.
What was the Proclamation of 1763?
It banned colonial settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains.
Which war caused Britain's national debt to double?
French and Indian War
The first bloodshed of the American Revolution (1770), as British guards at the Boston Customs House opened fire on a crowd killing five Americans
1765; law that taxed printed goods, including: playing cards, documents, newspapers, etc.
Explain the socio-economic theory of John Locke
Every human being when born should have right to life, liberty and possessions
Explain the socio-economic theory of Lord Montesquieu
separation of powers had an enormous impact on liberal political theory
Explain the socio-economic theory of Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Said you have to give up something important to you for the rest of people to survive
How would you Describe George Washington's Continental Army in the early years of war
POOR, terribly trained
What are major advantages of the colonists in the American Revolution ?
We're at home, we know the grounds, our people supported us
What are major advantages of the redcoats
Better trained, more supplied
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