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A recess, usually semicircular, in the wall of a Roman basilica or at the east end of a church.
(architecture) a masonry construction (usually curved) for spanning an opening and supporting the weight above it
(architecture) a low wall at the top of the entablature; where the pediment would be but isn't
Barrel vault (tunnel vault)
the simplest form of vault consisting of an unbroken series of arches; it forms a tunnel like shape
a civic building for legal and other civic proceedings, rectangular in plan with an entrance usually on a long side and an apse
An Ancient Roman walled military camp with gridded rectangular layout, later a castle, fort, or fortified town
(Greek mythology) fire-breathing she-monster with a lion's head and a goat's body and a serpent's tail
A capital combining Ionic volutes and Corinthian acanthus leaves, first used by the ancient Romans.
Fourth Style mural
combines other 3 styles; marks a return to architectural illusionism, but the architectural vistas of the Fourth Style are irrational fantasies.
first style mural (Masonry Style)
earliest style of Roman mural painting also called the Masonry Style, where the painting imitated the appearance of costly marble panels
a series of engaged columns all around the sides and back of the cella to give the appearance of a peripteral colonnade.
Second Style mural
architectural style, decoration is no longer restricted to a single plane. The room is meant to look as though it is extended more than it really is (the decoration is architecture)
Hard-baked clay, used for sculpture and as a building material. It may be glazed or painted.
Third Style mural
In Roman mural painting, the style in which delicate linear (landscape) fantasies were sketched on predominantly monochromatic (large, solid color) backgrounds.
a freestanding arch commemorating an important event, such as a military victory or the opening of a new road
re-use (stealing) of earlier building material or decorative sculpture for use on new monuments
The standard type of Etruscan column. Resembles ancient Greek Doric columns, but is made of wood, is unfluted, and has a base.
In a Roman amphitheater, the cloth awning that could be rolled down from the top of the cavea to shield spectators from sun or rain.
Wattle and daub
A wall construction method combining upright branches, woven with twigs and plastered or filled with clay or mud
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