Body Systems Functions & Organs


Terms in this set (...)

Organ systems
A group of two or more organs working together for a specific job; e.g. the digestive system
Circulatory System
The body system responsible for carrying materials through out the body
Circulatory System
Major organs include heart & blood vessels
Respiratory system
The body system in which oxygen is brought into the body and carbon dioxide is released; major
Respiratory System
The major organs include nose, trachea, lungs, & diaphragm
Mechanical digestion
Includes grinding or chewing your food when you eat
Digestive System
The body system that takes in, breaks down, and absorbs nutrients that are necessary for growth
Chemical digestion
Changes the composition of food by breaking it down such as with stomach acids
Excretory system
The body system that helps rid the body of wastes, toxins, and excess water
Excretory System
Major organs include kidneys, ureters, & bladder
Nervous system
The body system of specialized cells that carry electrical messages throughout the body
Nervous System
Includes the brain, spinal cord, & peripheral nerves
Muscular System
The body system that supports the body and enables it to MOVE
Muscular System
Major organs include skeletal muscles, smooth muscles, and cardiac muscles
Skeletal System
The body system that protects and supports the body
Skeletal System
Major organs include the bones
Integumentary System
The body system that covers and protects the body from the environment
Integumentary System
Major organ is the skin and includes hair and nails
The circulatory system is also known as an ___________ system.
Digestive System
The organ system that is made up the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine
Muscular System
This system is primarily responsible for internal and external movement of the body
Integumentary System
This system is the body's first layer of defense to fight illnesses
Immune System
To kill pathogens that have invaded the body
Immune System
This system explains why the body aches, has a fever , and vomits
Respiratory System
Which organ system contains the nose, trachea, bronchioles, and alveoli?
Endocrine System
What organ system is responsible for producing hormones that travel through the blood stream and affect activities throughout the body.

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